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Stage 1. Theoretical analysis of a work of art

This stage of the lesson is devoted to the consideration of the problem of cognition of a person’s personality by artistic means. In the process of work, students will have to master the skills of analysis and interpretation of literary works as a way of psychological cognition of the personality, as well as techniques that make it possible to compose a psychological characteristic of the personality of the hero.

The lesson begins with an analysis of an article by G. Allport, “Personality: the Problem of Science or Art?” (Appendix 1).

After reading the article, students need to answer the following questions.

1. Identification proposed by G. Allport.

2. Characteristics of the literary and psychological approaches to the study of personality. What G. Allport sees the principle of each of the approaches?

3. Lessons (advantages) that psychology should learn from literature.

4. What are the advantages of psychology compared to literature?

For the convenience of assimilation of the material, students can submit answers in the form of a table. one.

Table 1

. Features of fiction and psychology in the cognition of personality

(according to G.

Additional tasks

To this stage of the lesson, students, in order to compare different approaches to the use of fiction by psychological science as homework, independently perform the following tasks:

1. To analyze the work of K. G. Jung "On the relationship of analytical psychology to the works of fiction" [7]. Make a message on the topic "Psychoanalysis of a work of art."

2. Read chapter 1 of the study guide. E. Yu. Korzhova, “A Guide to Life Orientations: A Person and His Life Path in Fiction” [10, p. 35–38] and determine the correspondence between the scale of the work of art, the plot and the psychological task. We give a sample to fill the table. 2.

Table 2.

Correspondence of the goals of psychological study of a work to its volume and plot

(by E. Yu. Korzhova)

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Stage 1. Theoretical analysis of a work of art

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