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Gender Tolerance Training
Gender tolerance - an unbiased attitude towards the representatives of the other sex, the inadmissibility of a priori attributing to a person flaws supposedly inherent to his sex, freedom from ideas about the superiority of one sex over another. The extremist manifestation of gender intolerance is sexism - individual or group behavior that discriminates against women, restricts their right to full participation in professional activities and social life, which is based on the idea that men are superior to women in terms of personal characteristics (Schekoldina, 2004).
Tolerance implies a willingness to accept others as they are and to interact with them on the basis of consent. First of all, it involves reciprocity and an active position of all interested parties. Tolerance is an important component of the life position of a mature personality, having its own values and interests and at the same time respecting the attitudes and values of other people. Without a doubt, the problem of tolerance and intolerance is extremely relevant and is directly related to the violence that occurs in our society.
In addition to violence in interstate relations in the modern world, “private” violence, almost imperceptible, is still widespread - in direct interpersonal interaction and communication. Any violence, in whatever form it appears, no matter how reasonable the arguments may be justified, always has a devastating effect on a person.
In this regard, one of the main objectives of the proposed training on gender tolerance is to make the transition to non-violent relations based on the principles of cooperation, mutual respect, understanding and tolerance.
The training program of gender tolerance is aimed at developing the ability to manage your behavior, emotions, communication and includes cognitive (awareness regarding issues of gender tolerance, improving psychological culture), emotional and volitional (improving communication skills of tolerant interaction, mastering emotional self-regulation in the process of communication and activity) and behavioral components.
The exercises for this training are taken from the work of Schekoldina (2004).
The purpose of the program is the formation of gender tolerance of the individual. The program is aimed at solving the following tasks:
? formation of skills for conducting a positive dialogue;
? development of the ability to introspection, self-knowledge;
? development of emotional stability and flexibility;
? development of social susceptibility (ability to empathy and empathy);
? development of ability to reflection;
? awareness of the diversity of the world and the manifestations of personality in this world;
? training in a culture of tolerant behavior in gender relations;
? development of self-esteem and the ability to respect the dignity of other people, regardless of individual (gender) characteristics;
? increasing socio-psychological competence.
The program contains 12 lessons that are held once a week and last 1.5 hours.
At each lesson, the work of the training participants is organized in pairs, triples and in microgroups of 4-6 people, in teams of 8-10 people.
If a group is more than 15 people, then it makes sense to give everyone the opportunity to speak out in a circle no more than two times per lesson, and to work divided into teams, microgroups. It is convenient to divide into triples in the case when two people act out the situation, and the third acts as an observer; The group is divided into teams to work out a joint solution and receive feedback.
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Gender Tolerance Training
- Gender Identity Training
The basis of gender identity training is a program of psychological "support" of adolescent maturation or psycho-correctional work with adults. Gender identity plays an important role in adaptation and self-regulation. This is one of the basic structures of self-awareness. If self-awareness is disharmonious and inconsistent, a person may suffer from emotional rejection reactions
- Lesson 2. Study of gender representations of training participants
The approximate time of the lesson is 6 hours. Objectives: to prepare training participants for an unconventional representation of the problem of gender relations in society, removing barriers to the traditional perception of socio-psychological characteristics and social roles of men and women. Tasks : ? awareness of individual gender perceptions of participants; ? research on gender
- Lesson 7. The degree of tolerance
Purpose: to enable group members to assess the degree of their tolerance. Exercise 1 All participants sit in a circle. One of the participants transplanted everyone, taking into account the color of the eyes: from light-eyed to dark-eyed. After the task is completed, the other participant adjusts the combination in his own way. Then the rest of the participants do the same. In the discussion process, the group comes
- Lesson 3. Tolerant communication.
Purpose: familiarity with the methods of tolerant communication. In the conditions of modern civilization, the optimal form of tolerance is the expansion of one's own experience and critical dialogue. A person can see in a different position, in a different value system, not something that threatens his own position, but something that can help him solve problems that are urgent not only for him, but also for many people. This form
- Lesson 2. Tolerant and intolerant personality
Objectives: acquaintance with the concepts of tolerant and intolerant personality; development of tolerance for the “Other”, for otherness; awareness of the social and psychological characteristics of the “Other”. The host can rely on the following theoretical provisions regarding the difference between a tolerant person and an intolerant person. G. Allport (Allport, 2003) notes that tolerant people know themselves better, and not
- Lesson 12. Tolerance, Intolerance, and Uncertainty
Purpose: comparison of the concepts of tolerance, uncertainty and intolerance (aggressiveness). The facilitator tells the group about signs of insecure, intolerant (aggressive) and tolerant behavior using the following points: Signs of insecure behavior (“I am bad, you are good”): - a person is unable to defend his position; - cannot refuse; - holds on
- Lesson 1. Tolerance and Intolerance
Purpose: to familiarize with the concepts of "tolerance" and "intolerance." Introduction (acquaintance) The host invites the participants to name themselves as they would like to be called in the group (you can use an alias). Participants sit in a circle, each with a badge (card with a name). The leader appears first. Each subsequent participant names in turn the names of all who appear before him.
- Lesson 5. Gender autobiography as a method of studying the mechanisms of gender socialization
This lesson is primarily aimed at updating the participants ’own experience at the stage of early gender socialization. In the process of this work, participants will try to understand the ways and mechanisms of constructing their own gender identity. Goals: replenishment and consolidation of knowledge of participants about theories and mechanisms of gender socialization; development of self-reflection skills during actualization
- FOURTH STAGE: DILEMAS OF GENDER DIFFERENCE AND GENDER EQUALITY
In the post-Soviet period, the position of women and men in society changes both at the political and ideological levels, and at the level of everyday organization of the private sphere. New gender norms arise, but at the same time, Soviet models of social organization of relations between the sexes are preserved. At the same time, not only the rules of the game change, but also a situation of ambiguity arises in self-determination
- Acmeological and axiological approaches to the problem of tolerance in interpersonal communication
Acmeology studies first of all those conditions and factors that provide the highest level of human achievement in any area of professional activity as a person and as a mature subject of this activity (B.G. Ananyev, A.A. Bodalev, A.A. Derkach, I .A. Rybnikov et al.). Therefore, in the framework of acmeology, tolerance in interpersonal communication is understood by us as an integral characteristic