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Lesson 7. The degree of tolerance
Purpose: to enable group members to assess the degree of their tolerance.
All participants sit in a circle. One of the participants transplanted everyone, taking into account the color of the eyes: from light-eyed to dark-eyed. After the task is completed, the other participant adjusts the combination in his own way. Then the rest of the participants do the same. In the process of discussion, the group comes to the conclusion that each person has his own vision, that is, everyone perceives reality in his own way. Despite the peculiarities of perception, people manage to solve communication problems through the principle of tolerance: everyone has the right to feel, see, hear, think in their own way, and everyone is obliged to recognize this right for others.
Each member of the group is invited to introduce a person who is unpleasant in some respects, an enemy, but always the opposite sex. Training participants try to make a verbal portrait of a given person (in writing), while it is necessary to fix primarily the nice details of his appearance. Each participant describes the situation of interaction with this person, based on the positive aspects in his behavior. Then the participants are invited to analyze their behavior and build a strategy and tactics of positive relationships with this person.
The tolerance development model includes four levels. The criterion for distinguishing levels is the degree of independence of the manifestation of tolerance. The process of tolerance formation allows one to distinguish its levels according to a number of indicators: the presence of adequate self-esteem, direct emotional assessment, awareness of the motivation for tolerance, the nature of joint activities, situational emotional attitude, degree of reflection, dependence on external conditions, situational conditioning.
The neutral-conflict level (zero) depends on mental qualities (strength, balance, mobility of the processes of excitation and inhibition), on the individual experience of a person: what he was taught by family and school, on economic and cultural living conditions, on a specific situation or interest in communication. A person shows tolerance selectively in certain situations when he is ready to make emotional and business contact. Tolerance manifests itself in the form of a dialogue without negative emotions, harsh, rude expressions, but under certain conditions (divergence of views, harsh words of the interlocutor, low effectiveness of the dialogue), positive emotions are replaced by negative ones.
A situational or even protracted conflict may arise; flexibility is virtually nonexistent.
Pretentious level (low), or the level of primary socialization.
An indicator of this level is an adequate self-esteem of the person. A person recognizes tolerant relationships, but they can not always build them; direct negative emotional assessment in relation to members of his group is extremely rare, constructiveness in the dialogue is not observed, the degree of reflection is low. A factor stimulating the development of tolerance is the recognition of possible relationships in joint group activities.
Status level (medium). An indicator of this level is the presence of motivation for the manifestation of tolerance. A person independently shows tolerance in standard conditions to members of his and other groups. In the relationship there is a situational-emotional assessment. Constructiveness of the dialogue is manifested in the effectiveness of the work. A factor stimulating tolerance is the awareness of tolerance, the desire for success in its manifestation. The factor restraining the development of tolerance is the lack of a positive result of interaction.
The reflective level (high) is characterized by an emotionally stable attitude towards members of other groups, a high degree of reflection. Motives of relations that are not related to the joint activities of people are combined with the adoption of the right to the existence of other points of view, the dialogue shows constructiveness and a desire to continue the conversation. A person knows the best ways to achieve a result, including a high degree of independence in predicting the possibilities of solving problems in non-standard conditions, self-analysis of behavior and speech, which allows for correction from the position of the subject himself. The factor that stimulates tolerance is the acceptance of the values presented by society.
It can be noted that both internal and external factors influence the development of tolerance. Internal factors that inhibit the development of tolerance (nervousness, restraint, temperament, negative forms of self-affirmation) are overcome by the person himself. The factors contributing to the self-development of tolerance include the growth of self-awareness, broadening the horizons, and the formation of a worldview.
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Lesson 7. The degree of tolerance
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