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Lesson 1. Tolerance and Intolerance
Purpose: to familiarize with the concepts of "tolerance" and "intolerance."
The facilitator offers the participants to name themselves as they would like them to be called in the group (you can use an alias). Participants sit in a circle, each with a badge (card with a name). The leader appears first. Each subsequent participant names in turn the names of all who appear before him. The participant closing the circle will have to name all the members of the group.
Acceptance of group work standards
The facilitator suggests discussing the following questions: What behavior of other people interferes, and which promotes free expression? Does it depend on the gender of another person? If so, in what way? As a result of the discussion, the group members come to the conclusion that certain rules are necessary, which should be followed in the group.
You can consider the following rules of the group:
? sincerity in communication is an open expression of feelings in relation to the actions of other participants and to oneself, when no one is offended by the statements of other members of the group;
? determination of personality strengths: during classes, each participant in the training seeks to emphasize the positive qualities of the other participant with whom he works together;
? active participation in the work of the group: the desire to communicate with all members of the group, regardless of sympathy, not to become isolated, even when you have to learn something unpleasant about yourself;
? respect for the speaker: when any member of the group speaks out, everyone listens attentively, gives the opportunity to say what he wants, does not interrupt until he finishes speaking, and only then ask questions, thank him or argue with him.
An example of the rules suggested by the host:
? all members of the group have a card with a name, we turn to each other by name;
? Confidentiality: do not talk about the personal experience of other participants outside the group;
? treat each other openly and kindly.
Psychotechnical exercises, tasks aimed at developing gender tolerance
The host of the training tells the participants about tolerance and intolerance.
In the scientific literature, tolerance is considered primarily as respect and recognition of equality, rejection of dominance and violence, recognition of the diversity of human cultures, norms, beliefs and refusal to reduce this diversity to unity or to the predominance of any one point of view. Tolerance implies a willingness to accept others as they are and to interact with them on the basis of consent.
Tolerance should not be reduced to indifference, conformism, infringement of one’s own interests. First of all, it involves reciprocity and an active position of all interested parties. Tolerance is an important component of the life position of a mature person who has his own values and interests, who is ready, if necessary, to protect them, but at the same time respecting the attitudes and values of other people.
Intolerance is a rejection of another person, a lack of readiness for coexistence with other people (unlike us); intolerance manifests itself through destructive, conflict, aggressive behavior.
The Declaration of the Principles of Tolerance was approved by Resolution 5.61 of the UNESCO General Conference of November 16, 1995; annually on November 16, International Day dedicated to tolerance is celebrated.
The host of the training divides the participants into microgroups of 3-4 people each.
They will have to develop their own definition of gender tolerance, including in it what, in their opinion, is the essence of this concept. The definition should be concise. After discussion, the representative of each group introduces the definition of all participants in the training. The facilitator introduces participants to existing definitions after the groups present their wording. During the discussion, participants have the opportunity to express their attitude to various formulations.
Training participants are divided into microgroups of 3-4 people. Each subgroup receives one of the definitions of tolerance and tries to portray it with the help of pantomime in such a way that the rest of the participants will guess what definition they are talking about. Training participants discuss which pantomime did not cause difficulties in guessing.
Each member of the group draws a logo of tolerance. After familiarizing themselves with the results of the work of all members of the group, the participants are divided into subgroups based on the similarities between the figures, explaining what is common in these figures, and putting forward a slogan that would reflect the essence of the emblems.
The facilitator can use the following definitions of tolerance related to various languages of the peoples of the world:
? tolerance (English) - willingness to be tolerant, condescending;
? to tolerate (English) - to be tolerant, to tolerate the existence of different opinions without discrimination;
? tolerance (Fr.) - the belief that others can think and act in a manner different from our own;
? tolerencia (ucn.) - the ability to accept ideas or opinions that are different from one's own;
? kuan rong (Chinese) - accept others as they are and be generous with others;
? tasamul '(Arabic) - condescension, mercy, forgiveness, the ability to accept others as they are and forgive;
? tolerance, tolerance (Russian) - the ability to tolerate (withstand, endure, put up with something), accept, acknowledge the existence of someone, reconcile, bring it into conformity with oneself in relation to someone (something), to be condescending to anything (anyone).
Definitions that exist in different languages are generally the same. However, in each of them national characteristics are visible: in English - indulgence, in Chinese - generosity, in Russian - the ability to endure.
During the discussion, attention should be paid to the multifaceted nature of the concept of “tolerance” and the relevance of this topic:
? Which definition is best for gender tolerance?
? Is it possible to give one definition to the concept of “gender tolerance”?
? What distinguishes and combines the proposed definitions of tolerance?
For productive work, it is necessary that the group members share their impressions, thoughts that appeared during or after the lesson. What questions do the group members and facilitator have? Is everything clear in the rules adopted by the group? Maybe there are suggestions for changing them and adding new ones?
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Lesson 1. Tolerance and Intolerance
- Lesson 2. Tolerant and intolerant personality
Objectives: acquaintance with the concepts of tolerant and intolerant personality; development of tolerance for the “Other”, for otherness; awareness of the social and psychological characteristics of the “Other”. The host can rely on the following theoretical provisions regarding the difference between a tolerant person and an intolerant person. G. Allport (Allport, 2003) notes that tolerant people know themselves better, and not
- Lesson 12. Tolerance, Intolerance, and Uncertainty
Purpose: comparison of the concepts of tolerance, uncertainty and intolerance (aggressiveness). The facilitator tells the group about signs of insecure, intolerant (aggressive) and tolerant behavior using the following points: Signs of insecure behavior (“I am bad, you are good”): - a person is unable to defend his position; - cannot refuse; - holds on
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Purpose: to enable group members to assess the degree of their tolerance. Exercise 1 All participants sit in a circle. One of the participants transplanted everyone, taking into account the color of the eyes: from light-eyed to dark-eyed. After the task is completed, the other participant adjusts the combination in his own way. Then the rest of the participants do the same. In the discussion process, the group comes
- Lesson 3. Tolerant communication.
Purpose: familiarity with the methods of tolerant communication. In the conditions of modern civilization, the optimal form of tolerance is the expansion of one's own experience and critical dialogue. A person can see in a different position, in a different value system, not something that threatens his own position, but something that can help him solve problems that are urgent not only for him, but also for many people. This form
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