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Hygiene of residential and public buildings and structures

Hygiene of residential and public buildings is a set of measures (legislative, architectural, planning, sanitary-technical, technological, scientific and hygienic) aimed at creating safe living conditions in residential and public buildings for human health.
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Hygiene of residential and public buildings and structures

  1. HYGIENE OF RESIDENTIAL AND PUBLIC BUILDINGS
    RESIDENTIAL AND PUBLIC HYGIENE
  2. State sanitary supervision of the construction and operation of residential and public buildings
    Control over the construction and operation of residential and public buildings occupies a significant place in the work of a doctor in communal hygiene. Preventive and current sanitary supervision is carried out in accordance with the law of Ukraine "On ensuring sanitary and epidemic well-being of the population" (1994); "Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses" (1984, as amended and
  3. Hygienic characteristics of air in residential and public buildings
    Modern people spend from 52 to 85% of the daily time in the premises of residential and public buildings, depending on their lifestyle and working conditions. Therefore, the internal environment of the premises, even at relatively low concentrations of a large number of toxic substances, is not indifferent to humans and can affect their well-being, performance and health. Other than that, in
  4. Features requirements for the internal layout and equipment of various types of residential buildings
    There are three types of internal layout of residential buildings: apartment, gallery and hotel, or corridor. The most common apartment type. Apartments in residential buildings are combined into sections. {foto294} Fig. 110. Plan of the ordinary section of an apartment building of an apartment type: - living rooms; 2 - kitchens; 3 - bathrooms; 4 - toilets; 5 - corridors; 6th cage on one landing, sections
  5. Ensuring the safe condition of buildings and structures
    Acceptance of new and reconstructed industrial and social facilities into operation is carried out in accordance with SNB 1.03.04-2000 “Acceptance of completed construction projects. Basic Provisions ”, according to which all objects completed by construction are subject to acceptance for operation, regardless of the form of ownership, sources of financing (investment), purpose and
  6. Ecology of residential and public buildings
    And in buildings a special air environment is formed and, completely different from atmospheric air, a composition of chemicals. The main sources of indoor air pollution can be divided into four groups: 1. Substances entering the room with polluted air. 2. Products of the destruction of polymeric materials. 3. Anthropotoxins. 4. Household combustion products
  7. Lighting for housing and public buildings
    Good lighting of residential premises is necessary to create normal conditions for visual work and in a general hygiene respect. Insufficient or irrational lighting leads to fatigue of the eyes, central nervous system, lowers mental and physical performance, leads to the development of a number of diseases, in particular myopia in children, and creates the possibility of injury.
  8. COMMUNITY HYGIENE
    Catering enterprises are called upon to provide the population with prepared food, convenience foods and culinary products at the place of their residence, work or study. From the first years of Soviet power, the party and the government paid attention to the development of a catering network for children and industrial workers. V.I. Lenin pointed out that in the exemplary formulation of work, public
  9. Occupational health in catering
    Public catering enterprises are equipped with a large amount of equipment, the operation of which can have an adverse effect on the body of the worker - by increasing the volume of noise, temperature and humidity. Therefore, certain technical requirements are presented to the device and the operating mode of the equipment and instructions for its operation are developed, with which
  10. Hygiene of catering
    Hygienic requirements for the design and layout of catering units. The food block is a complex of specially equipped rooms intended for temporary storage of food products, preparation and distribution of prepared food. In order to prevent infectious diseases, food poisoning and helminthic infestations, a strict sanitary-hygienic regimen should be maintained in the catering unit. This mode
  11. “HYGIENE OF AIR, HEATING, VENTILATION AND LIGHTING OF FOOD ENTERPRISES”
    “HYGIENE OF AIR, HEATING, VENTILATION AND LIGHTING OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISES
  12. PERSONAL HYGIENE OF WORKERS AND FOOD INDUSTRIES, FOOD AND FOOD AND WAREHOUSE NETWORKS
    In order to prevent food poisoning, to ensure the release of high-quality products, people working in enterprises of the food industry, catering and trade are required to comply with personal hygiene rules. Personal hygiene of a food company employee means: 1) passing medical examinations provided for by current instructions; 2)
  13. Kartasheva N.V., Klimovich S. V. .. Tests on general hygiene: “hygiene of children and adolescents”, “occupational health”, “food hygiene”, 2013

  14. Hygienic requirement for sports facilities
    Sports facilities must comply with established sanitary and hygienic requirements and standards. The hygiene requirements of sports facilities are subject to particularly high requirements, since the health effect of exercising and exercising depends on their sanitary condition. After putting the sports facility into operation, employees of the sanitary-epidemiological
  15. Vibration in residential buildings
    The cause of vibration in residential buildings are ground and underground vehicles; technological, engineering, sanitary equipment of buildings; Appliances. Rules for measuring vibration. Measurement of vibration levels (in octave frequency bands) should be carried out by a vibration measuring system, including vibration measuring transducers, measuring amplifiers, strip
  16. Athletic facilities
    Physical education and sports facilities and their complexes are located in residential areas of cities and other settlements or in the suburban area in specially designated areas located near gardens, parks and other green spaces (see also chapter 19). According to SNiP P-76-78 "Sports Facilities" placement, calculation standards and dimensions of land plots of individual sports
  17. Requirements for industrial buildings and structures
    The construction of industrial buildings and structures is carried out in accordance with the requirements of the technological process and equipment (see "Industrial buildings of industrial enterprises" - SNiP 11-90-81). They are diverse in size, architectural and other solutions; must meet hygiene requirements; have adequate lighting and heating levels; effectively
  18. THE CONCEPT OF A SANITARY MODE OF A PUBLIC FOOD SERVICE. SANITARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL "RISK FACTORS" IN PUBLIC FOOD.
    One of the most important requirements for the work of public catering enterprises is the release of benign, epidemically flawless products. This can only be achieved if certain requirements for the operation of the catering business are fully met. These requirements are set forth in various regulatory documents,
  19. Construction of reservoirs, canals and other hydraulic structures
    The creation of reservoirs for various purposes (including those associated with canals) in the last decade is taking on an ever wider scale. In this regard, there is a need for a comprehensive study of the impact of reservoirs on the change in the circulation of pathogens of a number of helminths, intestinal protozoa, in particular diphyllobothriasis, opisthorchiasis, giardiasis, to develop a scientific
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