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Hygienic regulation of extracurricular and extracurricular activities of children and adolescents

General educational and educational work with students is not limited to educational activities at school and at home. Achieving the same goal is helped by participation in public work, classes in various circles, a sports school, etc. All types of public work should not take more than 4-5 hours a week in high school and 3-4 hours in junior. The question of additional extracurricular activities is decided by teachers and the school doctor in accordance with the individual characteristics of children (health, academic performance) and taking into account the expressed abilities and inclinations to a particular character.
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Hygienic regulation of extracurricular and extracurricular activities of children and adolescents

  1. Hygienic regulation of educational, extracurricular and extracurricular load
    To prevent a sharp drop in students' working capacity during the school day and school week, for the prevention of early fatigue and overfatigue, the school schedule is of great importance. When scheduling lessons, first of all, it is necessary to take into account the length of the school day and school week, which is appropriate for the age capabilities of children and adolescents.
  2. Hygienic characteristics of socially different populations of children and adolescents living in various territories of Russia in the first decade of the 21st century
    The study was performed by the method of natural hygienic experiment using epidemiological studies. The following populations of children and adolescents were studied: 1. Children living in the conditions of a Moscow metropolis and studying in 11 general education institutions (longitudinal monitoring). 2. Children and adolescents - social orphans, pupils of state
  3. The place of out-of-school life forms of children in the educational system
    In our country, various types of extracurricular institutions are quite widely deployed - city palaces and district houses of pioneers and schoolchildren, houses of young technicians, various children's and youth sections at factory houses of culture, sports societies, etc. Craving for such extracurricular (club) types activity and life among schoolchildren is very large, and it is natural and understandable. Students are committed to
  4. Hygienic basis for the regulation of factors of the internal environment of the place of residence
    A person is influenced by such factors as the indoor environment, microclimate, air quality, levels of insolation and lighting, electromagnetic fields, ionizing radiation, noise, vibration, etc. In the light of modern scientific data, the concept of "environment" should be considered more broadly. The environment for all living organisms, including humans, includes abiotic and biotic factors.
  5. . Medical and hygienic and sex education of adolescents. Features of a hygienic approach to the regimen of the day, study and personal hygiene of boys and girls. Medical and hygienic approaches to the prevention of bad habits, sexually transmitted diseases in older students. AIDS Prevention The effect of drugs on the human body and offspring.
    The specific immunization of HIV infection has not been developed. Educational preventive measures include: 1. inclusion of a lesson in the OBZh course of 10-11 grades 2. various activities for youth aimed at creating a responsible attitude to their actions in life. Medical preventative measures include: * Blood donor screening,
  6. Water as a factor in the external environment, its hygienic and epidemiological significance. Rationing the quality of drinking water
    The drinking water supply development program is an integral part of the plan for the socio-economic development of territories in the Russian Federation. Water is essential for sustaining life and it is therefore important to provide consumers with good quality water. As you know, the human body consists of 65% of water and even a slight loss of it leads to serious health conditions. Upon loss
  7. Hygiene tasks for children and adolescents
    The hygiene of children and adolescents, as a branch of hygiene science and an independent discipline, is studying the issues of protecting and strengthening the health of this contingent, numbering about 39 million people, which currently makes up almost a quarter of Russia's population. This scientific discipline consists of the following sections: preschool hygiene, school hygiene and youth hygiene. Preschool Hygiene - Hygiene
  8. Questions on the section: "HYGIENE OF CHILDREN AND TEENAGERS"
    1. The optimal orientation for the classrooms of secondary schools, boarding schools: Answer options: a) north; b) west; c) northeast; d) southeast; e) southwest. 2. School furniture is divided into groups taking into account: Answer options: a) age of children; b) gender of children; c) children's health status; d) the length of the body of children; e) visual acuity. 3. In the 2nd shift sanitary rules allowed organization
  9. Age features of children and adolescents
    The most important indicator of the health of children and adolescents is physical development - a set of morphological and functional properties of the body that characterize the process of its maturation. Usually, in practice, growth, weight, chest circumference, lung capacity, hand strength, and degree of development of secondary sexual characteristics are determined. Depending on their ratio consider development
  10. Features nutrition of children and adolescents.
    The body of children and adolescents has a number of significant features. The tissues of the body of children are 25% composed of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salts and 75% of water. The main metabolism in children is 1.5-2 times faster than in an adult. In the body of children and adolescents, in connection with their growth and development, the process of assimilation prevails over dissimilation. Due to increased muscle
  11. Features of nutrition for children and adolescents
    One of the most important and effective environmental factors that ensure the health and harmonious development of the body of children and adolescents is a balanced diet, which in this regard should be the subject of special attention of the state. Rational nutrition has a significant impact on brain development, intelligence, the functional state of the central nervous system, increases
  12. METHODS FOR STUDYING THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS
    (Baranov A.A., Kuchma V.R.) There are two methods for collecting anthropometric material. 1. The individualizing method - examination of a specific child once or in the dynamics of several years, followed by an assessment of its biological level of development and the harmony of the morphological and functional state using the appropriate score tables. 2. The generalizing method - one-stage
  13. under the editorship of V.N. Kardashenko. Hygiene of children and adolescents, 1980
    Literature. Hygiene of children and adolescents, ed. V. N. Kardashenko - M. - Medicine - 1980. - from. 41-115. Guide to laboratory classes on hygiene Dip - ed. V. N. Kardashenko - M., Medicine - 1983. - from.
  14. Features of the effects of alcohol on the body of children and adolescents
    For children and youth in our country, the “dry law” must be strictly applied, that is, a complete ban on alcohol. A teenager, a young man who is addicted to alcoholic beverages, is a person without a future. His destiny is antisocial, immoral acts, crimes, diseases. Alcohol has a particularly detrimental effect on children and adolescents, since during this period of life
  15. Nutrition for children and adolescents
    Nutrition is the main factor that determines the vital activity of the child’s body, its normal development and state of health. Great importance of nutrition in the formation and development of the intellect of the child, his central nervous system. Efficient nutrition increases the body's resistance to various adverse environmental factors. Children have significantly increased basal metabolic rate and energy expenditure,
  16. Daily routine for children and adolescents
    The daily routine contributes to the normal development of the child, strengthening health, nurturing the will, and accustoms to discipline. They compose a daily regimen taking into account the state of health, age-related anatomical and physiological and individual characteristics of the child. The daily regime provides for a certain duration of various activities, sleep, rest, regular food, and the implementation of personal hygiene rules. Accustom
  17. HEADACHES IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS
    Classification of headache in children and adolescents (according to E.S. Bond-Renko et al., 1977). I. Headache with intracranial diseases. 1. Vascular headache. 1.1. Vegetative-vascular dystonia. 1.2. Arterial hypertension. 1.3. Arterial hypotension. 1.4. Venous circulation failure. 1.5. Vasculitis 1.6. Aortic-carotid syndromes. 1.7.
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