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. Medical and hygienic and sex education of adolescents. Features of a hygienic approach to the regimen of the day, study and personal hygiene of boys and girls. Medical and hygienic approaches to the prevention of bad habits, sexually transmitted diseases in older students. AIDS Prevention The effect of drugs on the human body and offspring.

The specific immunization of HIV infection has not been developed.

Educational preventive measures include:

1. inclusion of a lesson in the course of life safety 10-11 classes

2. carrying out various kinds of activities for young people aimed at creating a responsible attitude to their actions in life.

Medical preventative measures include:

* Examination of blood donors, people at risk.

* Screening for antibodies to HIV in all pregnant women.

* Control of childbirth in infected women and refusal to breastfeed their children.

* Advocacy for safe sex (i.e. condom use).

A negative antibody test result does not guarantee the absence of HIV infection, since antibodies cannot be detected within a few weeks after infection (the so-called “window period”).

Prevention of infection in medical institutions. The greatest risk of HIV spread is blood. Care must be taken to avoid accidental damage to the skin with sharp instruments. All manipulations with patients, as well as work with biological materials from the patient, are carried out by medical workers in rubber gloves and masks. In addition, it is necessary to observe all precautions provided for when working with patients with viral hepatitis B.
If nevertheless there has been contact between the mucous membrane or damaged skin of the medical worker with biological fluid potentially containing HIV, you should immediately (preferably in the first three hours) start a course of postexposure prophylaxis with antiretroviral drugs, which will reduce the likelihood of infection by several times.

Be sure to thoroughly wash your hands after removing gloves and personal clothing before leaving the room where work with potentially infected material is carried out.

Hospitalization of AIDS patients and HIV-infected should be carried out in such a way as to prevent the spread of infection, as well as taking into account the requirements for keeping patients with altered behavior in case of damage to the central nervous system.

When treating patients with HIV infection, it is necessary to use only disposable tools and syringes.

If household items, bedding, and the environment are contaminated with patient discharge, it is necessary to treat with disinfectants (0.2% sodium hypochlorite solution, ethyl alcohol).

Subject to basic safety precautions, communication with patients is completely safe.
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. Medical and hygienic and sex education of adolescents. Features of a hygienic approach to the regimen of the day, study and personal hygiene of boys and girls. Medical and hygienic approaches to the prevention of bad habits, sexually transmitted diseases in older students. AIDS Prevention The effect of drugs on the human body and offspring.

  1. Hygienic requirements for the daily routine, educational activities, personal hygiene of younger schoolchildren and adolescents.
    During the neonatal period - 16.5 hours of sleep. From the 2nd month - the daily rhythm of sleep - 10-12 hours (night) and 6-6.5 (day). Within 3 years - 10-12 hours at night and 1-2 days. At school age, nighttime on needs (about 8 hours), there may not be daytime sleep. Optimal conditions for sleep: * Calm activities before going to bed - walks; * Ventilated room before going to bed and access to fresh
  2. The use of technical means in teaching schoolchildren and their hygienic assessment. Hygienic problems of teaching students to work on a computer, measures to prevent their adverse effects
    In recent years, technical teaching aids (TCO) have been widely introduced into the educational process. TCO provide a better perception of educational material, increase attention and interest in the material being studied. TCO includes cinema, dia- and epiprojectors, audio recorders and players, television and video television and, finally, personal computers that are widely used in the educational process. When resolving the issue
  3. Hygiene requirements for personal hygiene
    The main part of personal hygiene is the cleanliness of the human body - skin, hands, mouth, hair, etc. The skin forms the outer cover of the body, the area of ​​which in an adult is 1.5-1.6 m2. Derivatives of the skin are hair and nails. The skin performs various functions: protection from external influences, touch, secretion, thermoregulation, gas exchange. The skin is inextricably linked
  4. Prevention of bad habits and sexually transmitted diseases
    The problem of alcohol consumption is very relevant today. Now the consumption of alcohol in the world is characterized by huge numbers. The whole society suffers from this, but first of all, the younger generation is at risk: children, adolescents, youth, as well as the health of expectant mothers. After all, alcohol is especially active in influencing the formed organism, gradually destroying it. Harm
  5. The concept of hygiene as a science. Hygienic research methods. The history of hygiene. The role of domestic scientists in the development of hygiene science
    Hygiene is a science of health, a preventive discipline that develops, on the basis of studying the interaction of the body and environmental factors (natural and social), standards and measures that are implemented to prevent diseases, and creates optimal conditions for human life and well-being. The term hygiene itself comes from the Greek word for
  6. LECTURE No. 9 PREVENTION OF HARMFUL HABITS AND VENERIC DISEASES
    LECTURE No. 9 PREVENTION OF HARMFUL HABITS AND VENERAL
  7. MEDICAL AND HYGIENIC EDUCATION OF THE POPULATION AND FORMATION OF A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE (LIFE)
    Medical and hygienic education, goals, objectives, principles. The fundamental principle of healthcare is its preventive focus. The most important section of preventive work is the formation of a healthy lifestyle. Medical and hygienic education is part of the state healthcare system, including the dissemination of medical and hygienic knowledge,
  8. Hygienic requirements for the regimen of the day, week, training load
    The protection of the health of schoolchildren and ensuring the optimal functional state of their body without the effects of overstrain of the nervous system and overwork is primarily due to the correct organization of the educational process and the observance of the standards of educational activity. New educational institutions with an expanded and in-depth content of education (lyceums, gymnasiums, private schools and
  9. Hygienic basis of physical education of schoolchildren
    The basics of physical education are laid in childhood. Health and physical development are inseparable. Exercise favorably affects physical and mental performance. The alternation of mental work with physical exercises facilitates academic work, and therefore has great hygienic and pedagogical knowledge. Current value
  10. Hygienic conditions for teaching schoolchildren
    This is one of the most important environmental factors that affects the performance and health status of children and adolescents. As a result of prolonged stay of children indoors, the air is polluted. In addition to carbon dioxide, which a person inhales, the body releases more than 200 chemical compounds into the air: methane, ethane, ammonia, acetone, methyl and ethyl alcohol, hydrogen sulfide, chlorine-containing
  11. Theme "AIDS - medical-hygienic and socio-psychological aspects"
    AIDS. Pathogen, transmission paths. 2. The main symptoms of AIDS. 3. Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention
  12. Features of the hygienic mode of training and rest for children of 6 years of age
    The training program for children of 6 years of age in kindergarten limits the maximum academic load during the week to no more than 20 hours, and 4 hours per day. Unlike preparatory groups studying according to the standard program, children of six years of age have a slightly larger educational load per day due to the 35-minute duration of the lesson against 25-30 minutes according to the standard program. Recommended
  13. Medical and psychological foundations of sex education.
    Recommended reading: 1. Apanasenko G.L., Popova L.A. Medical Valeology.-Kyiv, “Healthy” I. ", 1998, pp. 90-103 2. Griban V.G. Valueology: Navalny posibnik.- K .: Center for Naval Literature, 2005.- pp. 89-109. 3. Zaitsev A.G., Zaitsev G.K. Pedagogy of the swastika (Valeology of the family). - SPb .: Soyuz Publishing House, 2002. 4. Markov V.V. Healthy lifestyle basics and prevention
  14. Biomedical approach to determining health
    In a number of priority human values, health is unconditionally given priority. Schopenhauer noted that “sacrificing one's health for the sake of anything (wealth, career, science, fame, transient pleasures) is the greatest madness. On the contrary, all others should sacrifice for health. ” The doctor and writer V. Veresaev wrote about health in this way: “Nothing is scary with him, no
  15. The importance of personal hygiene for the prevention of infectious diseases
    School is not only a “temple of knowledge”, but also a place of gathering of a large number of people. In the face of infection, the school can become one of the foci of the disease. This is due to the fact that children, not yet possessing strong and stable immunity, do not always adequately fulfill the requirements of personal hygiene. Teachers and parents need to remember: from how much children will be accustomed to monitor
  16. Hygienic education of children, health education of parents
    Hygienic education of children Hygienic skills in children are brought up from an early age. Maintaining clean skin and hair, oral hygiene, the habit of morning exercises, maintaining cleanliness and accuracy in clothes, order in the room, in the workplace, in cabinets with books, toys - the basic hygiene skills that should be formed in the process of raising a child . IN
  17. Hygienic regulation of harmful substances in the environment and food
    Hygienic regulation is mandatory for all toxic substances entering the human body from the environment - air, water, soil, food, materials in contact with food, etc. Any chemical is toxic under certain exposure conditions. Toxicity - the ability of a substance to harm a living organism. On the human body
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