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Violation of sanitary requirements for the sale of food on the example of a rural store


Shmatkova A.
Scientific adviser: K. S.-H. n Pribytova OS
FGOU VPO "Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine",
Troitsk
Finished products of the food industry (food, drinks, etc.) are directly related to human life and can be a potential danger to him. In order to ensure the safety of human health at the stage of selling this group of products, the state develops and adopts various regulatory documents that strictly regulate the actions of the seller. Among such documents are the “Rules for the sale of certain types of food and non-food products”, “Regulations on State Sanitary-Epidemiological Regulation”, and there are Sanitary norms and rules that establish requirements for food trading enterprises that are mandatory for compliance in the Russian Federation by all government agencies and public associations, enterprises and other economic entities, organizations and institutions, regardless of their subordination and forms of ownership, officials and citizens.
To monitor compliance with the requirements of the above regulatory documents, we made a visit to the store “Good afternoon”, pos. Stepnoy, Troitsk district and monitored the actions of the seller, as well as the control purchase of several items of products that require different presale preparation, which the Rules of sale of food products pays special attention. So, in accordance with the specified norms, goods must be exempt from containers, wrapping and binding materials, metal clips until they are submitted to the sales area. However, such groups of products as confectionery (sweets, marmalade, caramel) in the sales area are displayed in transport packaging (cardboard boxes). When weighing sausages, the seller does not remove the metal clips, and some sausages are sold with visible signs of expired shelf life (dried section, loose surface of the casing and traces of mold on it). Although such products can not be in circulation, as recognized as low-quality and dangerous to life and health. In addition, some types of chewing gum, chocolate, candies with an expired shelf life are used in the store as a sample of goods displayed for advertising purposes in shop windows. Different types of cookies are presented for sale with a large number of scrap, that is, an employee of the trade has not carried out a check of the quality of goods by external signs, as well as their rejection and sorting, although the Rules contain relevant items.
The seller sells raw eggs with ready-to-eat products (dairy, sausage, confectionery). Weighing and packaging of raw and ready-to-eat foods occurs on the same scale without further processing with detergents and disinfectants.
When selling unpackaged food products to customers, the seller uses the same shovels and shovels. It is noted that there is only one cutting board and knife on the seller’s workplace, although there should be several of them marked for each product group.
It is often possible to observe cases of selling food to customers who accidentally fell on the floor or were otherwise contaminated (sanitary marriage), which, according to the Rules, should be collected in a special container with appropriate labeling. In addition, bakery products are sold without packaging (paper and plastic bags), and are delivered to the store in open transport, in bulk.
Often sold is melted and re-frozen ice cream, which is probably due to the long distance of transportation and the lack of special equipment in the transport for storing frozen products.
The salesman wipes the glass jars with juices before opening, with a cloth to clean the windows and wash the inventory.
The shop sells decayed, spoiled fruits and vegetables at reduced prices, although it is strictly prohibited by sanitary rules.
The store sells perfume and cosmetic products and household chemicals (detergents, bleaching agents, washing powders, pastes) next to food products, which does not exclude the possibility of their contact with food products. In addition, the sale of different groups of goods, as mentioned earlier, produces one seller.
Thus, in order to ensure the proper quality of the food supply, the state control and supervision authorities in this area need more frequent inspections to prevent, detect and suppress non-compliance with legal requirements for the storage, transportation and sale of food products in order to prevent dangerous human diseases.
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Violation of sanitary requirements for the sale of food on the example of a rural store

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