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Responsibilities and Responsibilities for Compliance with Sanitary Rules

Compliance with sanitary rules is mandatory for citizens, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities (Article 39 of the Federal Law “On the Sanitary and Epidemiological Well-Being of the Population” of March 30, 1999 No. 52-FZ).

Company managers are required to provide:

- the necessary conditions for compliance with sanitary rules and norms when processing raw materials, preparing products with the aim of producing products that are safe for human health;

- the presence of personal medical books for each employee with a mark on passing periodic medical examinations;

- conducting classes on the study of sanitary rules with those entering work, as well as the annual inspection of sanitary and hygienic knowledge of personnel with a mark on passing the minimum in a personal medical book;

- selective verification of sanitary and hygienic knowledge in the workplace and re-examination with the adoption of offsets in case of violations of sanitary requirements or in the absence of the necessary knowledge;

- the presence of sanitary and uniform in accordance with applicable standards, its regular centralized washing and repair;

- the presence of a sufficient number of production equipment and other items of material and technical equipment;

- Carrying out measures for pest control and disinfestation in accordance with the agreement with disinfection departments;

- carrying out additional preventive measures for epidemiological indications;

- the presence at the enterprise of the journal of daily examinations for pustular diseases;

- the availability of first-aid kits for first aid and their timely replenishment;

- Organization of health education (seminars, discussions, lectures).

Responsibility for the general sanitary condition of the enterprise, for compliance with the sanitary regime and the admission to work of people who have not undergone a medical examination and have not passed the minimum required for creating the conditions necessary for employees to comply with personal hygiene rules, ensuring the quality control of incoming raw materials and manufactured products head of the enterprise.

Responsibility for compliance with the rules for the receipt of food products, proper sanitary maintenance of storage facilities, compliance with the conditions and terms of storage of products in a warehouse is borne by the warehouse manager (storekeeper).

Responsibility for the quality of products accepted for production, compliance with technological and sanitary requirements for products, as well as for the quality and timing of the sale of finished products lies with the production manager.

Responsibility for the condition of the workplace, the implementation of personal hygiene rules, the implementation of technological and sanitary requirements at its site is borne by each employee of the enterprise.

Quality control of raw materials, manufactured products, compliance with technological and sanitary-hygienic requirements is carried out by territorial-industrial sanitary-technological food laboratories and the relevant services of higher authorities.

Permanent control over the implementation of sanitary requirements at enterprises for the production of bread, bakery and confectionery products is assigned to the administration of the enterprise, and periodic control is assigned to the local bodies of the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Supervision.
When conducting sanitary control, it is necessary to draw up an inspection report, the writing scheme of which is given below (see Appendix 1).

Questions for self-control on the topic

1. In what cases is an employee of an enterprise required to disinfect hands?

2. What are the means for washing and disinfecting staff hands?

3. What requirements should the appearance of an employee of an enterprise meet?

4. What is included in the complete set of sanitary clothing for a bakery and confectionery worker?

5. What are the rules for wearing sanitary clothing?

6. What types of medical examinations are required to pass the employee of the enterprise?

Related Tests

1. Shift medical examinations are carried out by workers who produce confectionery products with cream in order to identify:

1 - flu

2 - pustular diseases of the skin of the hands

3 - gastrointestinal ulcer

4 - tonsillitis and catarrhal phenomena

5 - cuts, abrasions, burns

6 - osteochondrosis of the spine

From the above, it is true:

A - 1.3.5 B - 2.3.6 V - G - 3.4.6

2. Who can conduct monthly medical examinations:

A - shift supervisor

B - a medical worker of the medical unit of the enterprise

In - the foreman of the site

G - a medical worker at a medical institution working with the company under a contract

D - all of the above

3. What is not prohibited for workers in production shops:

A - apply buttons, hooks, etc. instead of ties

B - fasten sanitary clothing with pins, needles

B - eat and smoke in designated areas

G - store cigarettes, beads, pins, money in the pockets of bathrobes

D - wear earrings, clips, beads in the workplace

4. Who is responsible for maintaining personal hygiene by the employee:

A - enterprise administration

B - local authorities of the Sanitary Inspection

In - the employee of the enterprise

G - trade union organization

D - all of the above

5. What should the employees of the enterprise do before leaving the shift:

A - pass a medical examination

B - to pass training on a sanitary minimum and pass exams

B - get acquainted with the rules of personal hygiene

G - get a medical book

D - undergo a monthly medical examination

G - all of the above
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