about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

Parasitic diseases in children (enterobiosis, ascariasis)

Of all the registered parasitoses in people in the republic, enterobiosis, ascariasis are the most significant.

Enterobiosis - helminthiasis, challenge. round pinworm.

Etiology and epidemiology. Pinworm - a small white nematode parasitic in the human intestines. The lifespan of a helminth is from 1 to 3 months; at the end of its life, a female helminth creeps out and lays eggs on the skin. Pinworm eggs are extremely small and easily spread throughout the room. Enterobiosis is extremely easily transmitted from a patient to a healthy one.

Symptoms The main manifestations are itching, which occurs mainly at night. The disease is accompanied by sleep disturbance, decreased performance, anorexia, irritability. In severe cases, intestinal function is disturbed: constipation, abdominal pain, rumbling, flatulence occur. Parasitism of pinworms in children leads to a decrease in immune status, a decrease in the effectiveness of preventive vaccinations, and various allergic manifestations are not uncommon. Sometimes invasion is asymptomatic.

Ascaridosis - a disease caused by helminth ascaris.

Etiology and epidemiology. Roundworms are large nematodes. In the adult stage, it parasitizes in the human small intestine, which is its ultimate host and the only source of invasion.
Maturation of eggs before the invasive stage occurs only in the external environment - soil, water, therefore it can be infected with ascariasis by eating vegetables, greens, berries, eggs that are seeded by ascaris, and, moreover, it can be infected by contact with soil, sand, water containing ascaris eggs . When infected with ascariasis in the human body, there are 2 stages of the development of the parasite: the first stage. larval, the second - the development of roundworm.

Symptoms The clinical manifestations of the larval stage of ascariasis are characterized by allergic manifestations, an increase in lymph nodes, and the development of pulmonary syndrome. The intestinal stage of ascariasis is manifested in the mechanical effect of roundworm on the walls of the intestine, deterioration of the intestinal microflora, decreased gastric secretion, dyspeptic disorders, weight loss, and a decrease in immune status.

Ascaridosis can often occur with mild symptoms: neurasthenia, dyspeptic disorders, decreased performance. But sometimes it acquires a severe character - lung lesions, urticaria, fever are observed, bowel obstruction, liver abscesses, appendicitis may develop.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

Parasitic diseases in children (enterobiosis, ascariasis)

    Infectious diseases caused by protozoa and helminths are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among infants and children around the world. However, they receive less attention than bacterial, viral, and fungal infections. Malaria alone annually kills more than a million children in Africa. It is becoming more widespread also in Europe and North America.
  2. Infectious and parasitic skin diseases
    Although the skin is a powerful protective organ, its barrier function can be disrupted by microorganisms, parasites and insects. With unstable immunity, commonplace skin infections can be life-threatening. Numerous infectious skin lesions, such as herpes simplex, herpes zoster, viral exanthema, and deep mycoses, are discussed in chapter 14. The remaining most common infectious and
  3. Classification of human infectious (parasitic) diseases
    Many classifications of infectious diseases are proposed, based on various principles, but none of them can be considered perfect. Modern classification proposed by academician of RAMS V.I. Pokrovsky (2003), which, depending on the natural habitat of pathogens, divides all infections into three groups. • anthroponosis (from the Greek. Anthropos - man, nosos - disease) -
  4. Parasitic diseases of the nervous system. Surgery
    Parasitic diseases of the nervous system. Surgical
  5. Ascariasis
    The disease is caused by a nematode parasitizing in the small intestine of the intestines of chickens, turkeys, guinea fowl, sometimes geese and ducks. The causative agent of ascariasis is a fairly large parasite of a yellowish-white color. It has a spindle-shaped body, the length of which is 3-12 cm. Their eggs are oval in shape, 0.08 mm long and 0.05 mm wide. The development of roundworm occurs without the participation of an intermediate host. Fertilized Female
  6. Ascariasis
    The causative agent is roundworm, parasitic in the adult stage in the small intestine. Ascaris life expectancy is about a year. At the stage of migration (the first 6-8 weeks after infection), Ascaris larvae exert a mechanical and sensitizing effect, causing eosinophilic infiltrates in the tissues of various organs and causing hemorrhages. In the intestinal phase (8 weeks after the lesion), adult roundworms
  7. Enterobiosis.
    The causative agent is pinworm. The route of transmission is oral. Pathogenesis. The egg enters the intestine, after 12-14 days it matures in a sexually mature individual that lives 3 weeks. Males fertilize females, die, females creep out through the anus. They lay their eggs in the perianal folds, after 6 hours they are invasive. The clinical picture. Itching and burning in the anus, perineum - irritability,
  8. Enterobiosis
    Etiology. The causative agent is a female pinworm 9-12 cm long, males 3-4 cm long. The males die after fertilization, the females exit the anus and begin to lay eggs on the perianal region and perineum. Infection occurs as a result of swallowing invasive eggs. Autoinvasion is possible. In the upper part of the small intestine, invasive larvae leave the egg membranes and in the colon
  9. Soil as an environmental factor. The role of soil in the transmission of epidemic, infectious and parasitic diseases. Soil pollution and self-cleaning
    The study of soil, its assessment of various indicators can conditionally be divided into 4 stages. I. The Dopaster period (until 1852). The central point of this period is the localistic theory of Pettenkofer, who believed that all epidemics are closely linked to the mechanical composition of the soil, the content of carbon dioxide and the amount of organic substances. Unaware of infectious agents
  10. Ascaridosis.
    The causative agent is roundworm. The transmission path is feck-op. Anthroponosis, geohelmintosis - for the maturation of eggs, their stay in the soil at 24 ° C is necessary. Pathogenesis. Eggs enter the intestine, larvae are released from them, which enter the portal vein through the wall of the intestine, then into the liver (by the 5th day). By the 10th day - hematogenously into the lungs, where they molt 2 times, break through the wall of the alveoli and through the respiratory tract
  11. About diseases of infants and their treatment
    Here, treatment of [infants] children means the establishment of a regimen for a nurse: if she has an overflow of blood, then she is given blood by putting [suction] cans or opening an [vein]. In case of overfilling with any juice, it is cleaned of [excess] of this juice. If you want to strengthen nature or weaken it, or suspend [raising] the vapor in the head, or improve
    In this chapter, I would like to dwell on children who have had or suffer from various diseases. Indeed, for such children gymnastics, massage and other wellness procedures are even more necessary than for healthy children. In general, the above complexes are applicable to them, but with individual correction to their development for each specific case, the situation is similar with massage techniques. After all
  13. Diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract in children
    Questions for repetition: 1. Duodenal sounding and its assessment. 2. The main pain points in the disease of the gallbladder and biliary tract. Test questions: 1. Biliary dyskinesia. Concept. Etiopathogenesis. Classification. 2. Clinical and diagnostic criteria for biliary dyskinesia: 2.1. hypermotor type 2.2. hypomotor type 3. Treatment of dyskinesia
    In the previous chapter, we examined in detail the proposed sets of exercises for which your children can successfully develop, but not all of these children are shown these complexes, they involve classes with physically healthy children. But life makes its own adjustments, and no matter how much we wish, it happens that our children are often sick, or were born out of time or with some kind of disabilities. Of course,
  15. Autopsy of children who died from acute infectious diseases
    It should be borne in mind that children rarely die from one infection and pathologists, examining in detail sectional material, usually reveal two to three or more pathogens that cause an infectious disease of mixed etiology. For example, in the respiratory system, it is possible to simultaneously identify infectious processes caused by various viruses, bacteria and protozoa, which arose partly
  16. Emergency conditions for infectious diseases in children
    ACUTE INTESTINAL INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN The article “Acute diarrhea” is located in section 11 “Emergency conditions for infectious diseases”. Acute intestinal infections often occur in the form of two syndromes - watery (enteritis) and mucous-bloody (colitis) diarrhea, which defines two different approaches to therapy of acute intestinal infections. Symptoms of these syndromes and their most common pathogens are presented.
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019