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Toxic substances of the industrial environment and preventive measures of their harmful effects



General sanitary and hygienic requirements for the air of the working area are regulated by the GOST 12.1.005-88 of the same name; normal gas composition of air (in volume percent): nitrogen - 78.02; oxygen - 20.95; carbon dioxide - 0.03; argon, neon, krypton, xenon, radon, ozone, hydrogen - up to a total of 0.94. Tea working area - a space up to 2 m above the floor or the platform on which workers are located. A permanent workplace is where the worker spends most of his working time (more than 50% or 2 hours continuously); when working at various points - the entire working area.

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TOXIC PRODUCTIVITY SUBSTANCES AND PREVENTIVE MEASURES FOR THEIR HARMFUL EXPOSURE

  1. Prevention measures for industrial pollution by harmful chemicals
    The basis of preventive measures (see Chapter 10) is the integrated application of legislative, technological, hygienic and medical and preventive measures. We single out hygienic and medical and preventive measures: recording and investigating the causes of occupational poisoning; preliminary and periodic medical examinations of employees; sanitary instruction; use of measures
  2. Principles for the prevention of the harmful effects of production factors
    Activities for the prevention of occupational diseases are individual in relation to each individual hazard and each hotel production process. Common are only some of the most important principles on which preventive measures are based on individual hazards and individual industries. The general principles of prevention include: 1. Hygienic
  3. Harmful and dangerous factors in the work environment.
    Harmful and dangerous factors of production
  4. Health effects of production factors. Hygiene of mental and physical labor. Prevention of overwork. Industrial hazards and occupational diseases. The main directions of their prevention
    Productive activity is an integral part of the life of an adult able-bodied person. At the same time, the production process and factors of the working environment have a multilateral effect on the human body. The scientific direction of preventive medicine in the field of hygienic aspects of human labor is occupational hygiene or (in recent years) - medicine
  5. METHODS FOR DETERMINING TOXIC SUBSTANCES IN ENVIRONMENTAL OBJECTS, ANIMAL TISSUES AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS
    Chemical toxicological analysis in veterinary toxicology is crucial. When establishing a diagnosis of poisoning, studying the migration of toxic substances in environmental objects and the body of animals, conducting veterinary and sanitary assessments of feeds and food products, as a rule, only chemical-analytical research methods are used. Especially their importance has increased over the past
  6. Classification of the main hazardous and harmful production factors
    Dangerous and harmful production factors are divided by the nature of the action into groups: physical; chemical; biological; psychophysiological. Physical production factors are divided into: moving machines and mechanisms; moving parts of production equipment; noise; vibration (general and local); infrasound; ultrasound; electromagnetic
  7. . Medical and hygienic and sex education of adolescents. Features of a hygienic approach to the regimen of the day, study and personal hygiene of boys and girls. Medical and hygienic approaches to the prevention of bad habits, sexually transmitted diseases in older students. AIDS Prevention The effect of drugs on the human body and offspring.
    The specific immunization of HIV infection has not been developed. Educational preventive measures include: 1. inclusion of a lesson in the OBZh course of grades 10-11; 2. conducting various activities for young people aimed at creating a responsible attitude to their actions in life. Medical preventative measures include: * Blood donor screening,
  8. The use of technical means in teaching schoolchildren and their hygienic assessment. Hygienic problems of teaching students to work on a computer, measures to prevent their adverse effects
    In recent years, teaching aids (TCO) have been widely introduced into the educational process. TCO provide a better perception of educational material, increase attention and interest in the material studied. TCO includes cinema, dia- and epiprojectors, audio recorders and players, television and video television and, finally, personal computers that are widely used in the educational process. When resolving the issue
  9. INDUSTRIAL DUST AND MEASURES TO FIGHT WITH IT
    The study of the dust factor. Industrial dust as one of the most common occupational hazards can cause occupational diseases - pneumoconiosis, bronchitis, diseases of the upper respiratory tract, increase other respiratory diseases (tuberculosis, pneumonia, pneumosclerosis, pulmonary emphysema, etc.). In high concentrations, dust is explosive,
  10. Production processes accompanied by the formation of harmful factors
    Production processes associated with the formation of dust. The basis for the prevention of dust formation is the use of a complex of dust control measures at the stage of preventive sanitary supervision. For raw materials and sources - sources of dust formation, moistening with water, steam, granulation, briquetting, etc. is used. When placing equipment for grinding, sieving and
  11. Toxic Symphony: exposure to a whole complex of toxins
    You need to know the following: 1) toxins accumulate in tissues and cells faster than they are removed from them; 2) toxins act both alone and together with each other. Scientists acknowledge that they don’t know anything about how the thousands of chemicals we are exposed to interact inside our tissues and cells. But we know that there is synergy when the effect
  12. The toxic effects of alcohol on human life support systems
    In what ways and why does alcohol negatively affect human health? The considered features of the action of small doses of alcohol indicate that their use is incompatible with labor activity in the conditions of modern production. First of all, immediate decision-making is required here, high concentration and stability of attention, speed of response
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