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Simplification of paperwork for land and property


Stolopova Yu.V.
Scientific adviser: candidate of agricultural sciences, associate professor, Grebenshchikov V.Yu.
Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education Irkutsk State Agricultural Academy, Irkutsk
At the moment, the design of land and real estate is the most discussed topic for owners, for this they need to collect a lot of papers and "get around" a large number of authorities to sign this or that document. This is where the main problems for the townspeople begin. Some do not have enough time to collect all the documents due to a busy schedule, some do not have the opportunity to come to registration centers, this series of problems can be continued and continued. Consider the procedure for registration of land in the light of recent changes in legislation:
Replacing the draft borders with the layout of the land on the cadastral plan of territories.
The transition of the land cadastre to a single coordinate system for the subject MSK-38.
Changing the order of passage of documents during registration.
The applicant applies to local authorities for the preparation of a land plot location scheme on the cadastral plan of territories (hereinafter referred to as the scheme) (previously for the preparation of a draft land plot boundaries). Schedule production time is 1 month. It would seem that nothing has changed. However, this is actually not the case.
The municipality applies to the cadastral authority for a cadastral plan of territories (CBT). CBT is issued exactly two weeks later (before the transition to a single cadastral registration center, information could have been received faster). It would seem that you can draw a diagram. But again, for this you need to know exactly the location and intended use of the land. Since the coordinates of the points of adjacent sections in the CBT are not possible to calculate, a new appeal should be made to the cadastral authorities for a statement, now of adjacent sections. It takes another two weeks. It follows that obtaining information from the land cadastre takes more than a month. But that's not all. CBT information and statements are received in the coordinate system MSK-38, and all the information of the municipality in the city coordinate system. Therefore, it is necessary to send CBT and statements for recounting to the State Geological Surveillance. And this is another two weeks.
The municipality often prepares a scheme, not paying attention to the information of the land cadastre in the city insurance company, approves and transfers to the customer, thereby shifting further difficulties to it.
Next is the work of the cadastral engineer. In general, the process of land surveying consists in the removal or approval of the boundaries of the land plot and the signing of the act of coordinating the boundaries with the owners of adjacent land plots. Three pages are enough for this. However, the cadastral engineer is offered to draw up a whole book in which, despite the diploma of the cadastral engineer, he needs to confirm his qualifications with each land plan.
Then, in order to coordinate the boundary plan with local authorities, the plan must be implemented in the city SK. After this approval, the MP again needs to be transferred from the city SK to MSK-38, which by itself involves the expenditure of customer money and time. After the work done, the customer puts his plot on the cadastral register, this procedure takes at least 20 days.
After the land is put on cadastral registration (preliminary), the customer again returns to the municipality for the decision on the allocation of the land. Then the question arises: “And where is it indicated that the decision is obliged to exit on the basis of preliminary cadastral registration or within previously defined boundaries?” It turns out a vicious circle from which it is not so easy to exit!
Problems in the design of the land created artificially. To solve these problems, it is necessary to create a service for registration of rights to land and property, uniting several departments. This is the decision made in the Bryansk region.
In 2004 the municipal enterprise "Center for the Organization of Business and Property Transactions of Bryansk" was created, on the basis of which several structures worked in collaboration. However, attempts to create a full-fledged Single Window center were unsuccessful.
After finalizing this program in January 2008 the governor of the Bryansk region signed a decree on the creation of an autonomous institution - the Center for the provision of public services in the field of land and property relations of the Bryansk region. The organization of multifunctional centers operating on the principle of "Single Window". Its main goal is to simplify the relationship between people and government as much as possible.
On the basis of the Center, a single place for the reception, registration and issuance of necessary documents is organized, which can significantly save time. The center has a single database, which also simplifies the work.
In the structure of the Center, departments have been created for the formation of land plots and for the organization of tenders of real estate. Important? that in one building are employees of several organizations of various services and departments. In addition, the building houses representatives of the Office of the Federal Registration Service for the Bryansk Region, the Office of Russian Real Estate in the Bryansk Region. Gradually, the list of services and functions of this Center will expand.
Among the problems that will have to be overcome are unnecessary intermediate approvals, contradictions in the legislation, departmental by-laws, duplicating each other's functions, and finally, there is no need to draw up a number of documents.
It would be good to develop this system of paperwork in our Irkutsk region, the prerequisites for this have already begun to appear, in the Bratsk region a “window” has already been opened on the design of urban planning and land management documentation.

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Simplification of paperwork for land and property

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