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Simplification of the procedure for issuing documents for land and property


Stolopova Yu.V.
Scientific adviser: Ph.D., associate professor, Grebenshchikov V.Yu.
FSEI HPE "Irkutsk State Agricultural Academy", Irkutsk
At the moment, registration of land and real estate is the most discussed topic for owners, for this they need to collect a lot of papers and “bypass” a large number of instances to sign a particular document. It is here that the main problems of the townspeople begin. Some do not have enough time to collect all the documents due to their busy work schedules, some do not have the opportunity to come to the registration centers and this series of problems can go on and on. Consider the order of registration of the land in the light of recent changes in legislation:
Replacing the project boundaries with the layout of the land plot on the cadastral plan of the territories.
The transition of the land cadastre to the uniform for the subject coordinate system MSK-38.
Change the order of passage of documents at registration.
The applicant applies to local authorities for the manufacture of a plot of land on the cadastral plan of the territories (hereinafter - the scheme) (previously for the preparation of the project of the boundaries of the land plot). The term of the scheme is 1 month. It would seem that nothing has changed. However, in reality it is not.
The municipality applies to the cadastral authority for the cadastral plan of territories (KPT). KPT is issued in exactly two weeks (before the transition to a single center of cadastral registration information could be obtained and faster). It would seem that you can draw a scheme. But again, for this you need to know exactly the location and target use of the land. Since the coordinates of points of adjacent plots in KPT cannot be calculated, a new appeal to the cadastral registration authorities for extracting, now, adjacent plots follows. It takes another two weeks. From this it follows that it takes more than a month to obtain information from the land cadastre. But that is not all. Information KPT and extracts come in the coordinate system MSK-38, and all the information of the municipality in the city coordinate system. Therefore, it is necessary to send CBT and extracts for recalculation to the State Geo-Supervision Authority. And this is another two weeks.
The municipality often prepares the scheme, not paying attention to the information of the land cadastre in the urban insurance company, approves and transfers to the customer, thereby shifting further difficulties to him.
Next - the work of the cadastral engineer. In general, the survey procedure consists in the removal or approval of the boundaries of the land plot and the signing of the act of coordinating the boundaries with the owners of adjacent land plots. Three pages are enough for this. However, the cadastral engineer is offered to draw up a whole book in which, in spite of the cadastral engineer’s diploma, he needs to confirm his qualifications with each boundary plan.
Then, in order for the boundary plan to be coordinated with the local authorities, the plan must be executed in the urban insurance company. After this approval, the MP again needs to be transferred from the city insurance company to MSK-38, which itself implies the cost of the customer’s money and time. After the work done, the customer puts his site on the cadastral registration, this procedure takes at least 20 days.
After the plot has been put on cadastral registration (preliminary) the customer returns to the municipality again for the decision on the allocation of the land plot. Then the question arises: “And where is it indicated that the decree is obliged to go out on the basis of preliminary cadastral registration or within previously defined boundaries?” It turns out a vicious circle, from which it is not so easy to get out!
Problems in the design of the land created artificially. To solve these problems, it is necessary to create a service for registration of rights to land and property, uniting several departments. That is the decision taken in the Bryansk region.
In 2004 the municipal enterprise “Center for the Organization of Business and Property Transactions of Bryansk” was created, on the basis of which several structures worked in collaboration. However, attempts to create a full-fledged “One Window” center were unsuccessful.
After completion of this program in January 2008. the governor of the Bryansk region signed a decree on the creation of an autonomous institution - the Center for the provision of public services in the field of land and property relations of the Bryansk region. The organization of multifunctional centers operating on the principle of "Single Window". Its main goal is to simplify the relationship between people and authorities as much as possible.
A single place of reception, registration and issuance of necessary documents is organized on the basis of the Center, which saves time. The center has a single database, which also simplifies the work.
The structure of the Center has created departments for the formation of land and the organization of real estate trading. Important? that employees of several organizations of various services and departments are located in the same building. In addition, the building houses representatives of the Office of the Federal Registration Service for the Bryansk Region and the Office of Rosnedvizhimost in the Bryansk Region. Gradually, the list of services and functions of this Center will be expanded.
Among the problems that will have to be overcome are unnecessary interim agreements, contradictions in legislation, departmental sub-legal instructions duplicating each other functions, and finally, there is no need to issue a number of documents.
It would be good to develop this system of paperwork in our Irkutsk region, the prerequisites of this have already begun to manifest, in the Bratsk district a window has already been opened for the design of town planning and land management documentation.

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