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The value of environmental factors for hardening. Tempering by air, sun and water
Air quenching. Air is the most affordable hardening agent for all children at any time of the year. The use of air for recreational purposes begins with good ventilation of the room in which the children are. A great influence on strengthening the body of children is provided by walks in the fresh air. In the summer, the whole life of children (excluding night sleep) should be transferred to the site. In the cold season, the duration of children's stay in the air depends on the weather.
The duration of sleep in the air for children of the first year of life gradually increases from 15–20 minutes to 1 hour and 30 minutes.
Air baths begin to be carried out with children of two months of age. During an air bath, the temperature, humidity, and air velocity act on the child’s body, and in the spring and summer, the reflected, scattered sun's rays also.
Hardening by the sun. The radiant energy of the sun has a huge impact on the vital functions of the body. However, the sun's rays have a beneficial effect on the body only when used correctly, otherwise they can cause harm, cause severe burns, eye disease, exacerbation of certain diseases. Therefore, sunbathing should be carried out carefully, taking into account the health status of children, increasing their exposure to the sun every 1 minute: from 4 to 20-30 minutes for children 2-3 years old to 30-40 minutes for a child 3-7 years old.
Water procedures can be local (washing, foot baths, rubbing or dousing to the waist) and general (rubbing and dousing the whole body, swimming in pools, open reservoirs). They begin with water temperatures that do not cause a lot of stress on the thermoregulatory mechanisms of the child (28–36 °), and are carried out when his body is not supercooled or overheated.
Foot baths are good hardening agents. In addition, daily foot baths reduce foot sweating, are a prevention against flat feet.
Rubdown can begin at the age of three months.
Pouring out of a watering can and shower is considered a more powerful means of hardening than rubbing, since when pouring water immediately gets on the whole body.
Swimming in open water is one of the children favorite tempering event. The child’s body is simultaneously affected by air, sun, water. All this, combined with the movements that the child makes while swimming or playing in the water, activates the nervous, cardiovascular, endocrine and other systems.
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The value of environmental factors for hardening. Tempering by air, sun and water
- Water quenching
Water procedures are a more intense hardening procedure, since water has a thermal conductivity of 28 times greater than air. The main hardening factor is the temperature of the water. The systematic use of water procedures is a reliable prophylactic against the harmful effects of various accidental body cooling. The most favorable time for starting water quenching is summer and autumn.
- Hardening by the sun
The sun's rays, primarily ultraviolet, have a beneficial effect on the human body. Under their influence, the tone of the central nervous system increases, the barrier function of the skin improves, the activity of the endocrine glands activates, the metabolism and blood composition improve, and vitamin D is formed in the skin, which regulates the metabolism in the body. All this positively affects
- Water quenching
Water is one of the most powerful elements, capable of both destroying and creating. In healing tempering procedures, this is one of the strongest factors affecting the body, moreover, the most accessible in everyday life. There are 3 phases of the action of water on the body I - a sharp spasm of blood vessels, blood casts to the internal organs. The skin turns pale, “goose skin”, chills appear. Heart rate
- Sun baths. Hardening by the sun
Exposure to sunlight is also very important for a child, it trains heat-regulating functions. When hardened by the sun, blood circulation is regulated, skin respiration, metabolism improves, the skin becomes firm and elastic. The number of red blood cells increases, hemoglobin in the blood rises. Enzymatic and excretory processes are activated, vitamin D is formed, which prevents
- Forms and methods of water quenching, taking into account hygiene standards.
Due to its high thermal conductivity, water causes more severe thermal irritation than air baths of the same temperature. For example, at an air temperature of +24 ° C, a naked person feels satisfactory, but in water of the same temperature at rest he feels cool, and the previous thermal sensation is restored when the water is heated up to +32 ... +35 ° C.
- Forms and methods of hardening by the sun, taking into account hygiene standards.
Sun hardening is one of the most ancient and common methods. Reception of solar or, more precisely, air-solar baths has a restorative preventive and therapeutic effect. Sunlight consists of visible (red, yellow, green, blue, blue, violet) and invisible (infrared, ultraviolet) rays. The length of infrared rays is more than 700 mmk, visible - 400-760 mmk,
- Air hardening
Air is perhaps the most affordable type of hardening. With this type of hardening, the body is accustomed to temperature fluctuations. Air quenching begins in the first weeks of life, but is gradually accustomed to cold air. Air quenching begins with airing the room, daily walks and sleeping in the air, air baths Bath number Time, min, up to 1 year After 1 year 1-3 3 5 5 4-6 5 10
- Air hardening
Air hardening - taking air baths - the most “gentle” and safe hardening procedure. It is recommended that systematic hardening begin with air baths. The hardening effect of air mainly depends on its temperature. However, humidity and air velocity must also be considered. According to the evoked heat sensation, air baths are divided into lukewarm
- Natural healing of the human body through hardening. Scientifically-based features of hardening. The use of hardening techniques in modern wellness systems
Recommended reading: 1. Weiner E.N. Valeology: Textbook for high schools.- M.: Flint: Science, 2002. - 416 2. Weiner E.N. Volynskaya E.V., Valeology: Training workshop.- M .: Flint: Science, 2002. - 312 p. 3. Griban V.G. Valeology: Naval care.-K.: Center for basic literature, 20005. 4. Medical and biological foundations of Valeology. Navch pos_b. for stud. Vishch Navch. mortgage / Pid ed. P.D. Plakhtіya.
- Water as a factor in the environment, its hygienic and epidemiological significance. Rationing the quality of drinking water
The drinking water supply development program is an integral part of the plan for the socio-economic development of territories within the Russian Federation. Water is essential for sustaining life and it is therefore important to provide consumers with good quality water. As you know, the human body consists of 65% of water and even a slight loss of it leads to serious health conditions. Upon loss
- Forms and methods of air quenching taking into account hygiene standards.
Air baths begin to be taken at a room temperature of +18 ... + 20 ° С, exposing the body completely or partially (to underpants, a bathing suit). Starting with a 10-minute duration of the procedure, it is increased daily by 3-5 minutes and up to 30-50 minutes. Depending on age and state of health, hardening is stopped at a temperature of +12 ... + 15 ° С. Functional adequacy criterion
- Hypertonic hardening
So, hypertension and cold. Everyone knows that being in the cold is uncomfortable, and the balance between heat generation and heat transfer is maintaining a constant body temperature. Heat generation is a by-product of any energy conversion. And even in the name of saving life, in order to get this heat, you must resort to the work of muscles: fast walking, running, jumping in place. Everyone understands that
- Hygienic characteristics of environmental factors
The environment - air, water, soil - has a constant impact on the life of a person, his health, as well as on the composition and safety of food products. According to the WHO, public health is influenced by lifestyle (50%), environment (20%), heredity (20%), quality of care (10%). In this regard, hygiene has the following main tasks: • study
- The influence of environmental factors on microorganisms
The life of microorganisms is closely dependent on environmental conditions. Both plants, macroorganisms, and the microworld are significantly affected by various environmental factors. They can be divided into three groups: chemical, physical and
- The value of air to humans. Representation of the atmosphere. The composition of the air. Regulatory requirements for the air environment of classrooms
The air environment that makes up the earth's atmosphere is a mixture of gases, which contains 27 gaseous substances. All aerobic creatures need air to breathe. Breathing is the process of obtaining energy by every living cell. In the atmosphere there is a constant cycle of these gases, so the composition is constant. But the composition of atmospheric air can change mainly due to
- CORRELATION OF GENETIC FACTORS AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS IN PATHOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
The facts accumulated to date by medical genetics allow us to present the whole variety of relationships between heredity and the environment in a generalized form. Imagine a situation where the contribution of heredity to the development of a trait, including a pathological one, is zero. This would mean that the trait is completely formed by the external environment, without any involvement of the genotype. In other words, Wednesday
- Pathology caused by adverse environmental factors that are inhaled.
Nowadays, the structure of diseases caused by adverse environmental factors has undergone significant changes due to the manifestation of various pathways of xenobiotics into the human body. During evolution, the bulk of toxic products entered the body through the gastrointestinal tract and rendered harmless in the liver. Currently, the majority of foreign products
- LESSON 18 TOPIC. PROFESSIONAL DISEASES. PATHOLOGY CAUSED BY EXTERNAL FACTORS
Motivational characteristic of the topic. Knowledge of topic materials is necessary for their successful mastery in clinical departments. In the practical work of a doctor, this knowledge is necessary for the clinical anatomical analysis of sectional observations and for comparing clinical data with the results of a biopsy study. The general purpose of the lesson. Learn to identify macro - and microscopic signs of acute and
- Lecture IV. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS OF THE EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT. INFECTIOUS DISEASES
Among the biological factors that are subject to standardization are those that in one way or another can harm the human body. First of all, these are pathogenic (pathogenic) pathogens of an infectious and invasive nature (bacteria, viruses, fungi, helminths, protozoa), their vital products (toxins, enzymes), various allergens, etc. Pathogens act on
- training the body to adapt to environmental changes. The physiological essence of hardening consists in re-exposure of the body to cooling, high temperature or alternating temperature effects, as well as the action of sunlight or artificial ultraviolet radiation. Tempering procedures should be considered as one of the effective methods.