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The value of vitamins and minerals for the growth and development of the child

For the normal development of the body, children should have enough vitamins in their diet. They not only protect the body from diseases associated with them, but also are components of the tissues. Without vitamins, enzymes are not formed, and, consequently, all reactions occurring in the body are delayed, the normal metabolism is disturbed, digestion and blood formation are affected, the efficiency and endurance decrease. Vitamins play an important role in maintaining the body's immunobiological properties, high resistance to adverse environmental factors, including infections.

The complete absence of any vitamin for a long time can lead to the development of beriberi. If the body lacks several vitamins, polyavitaminosis occurs. A lack of certain vitamins leads to hypovitaminosis, accompanied by a slowing down of growth, and then a drop in weight, general lethargy, increased fatigue, loss of appetite, and in some cases visual impairment, excessive nervousness, and impaired normal function of the gastrointestinal tract.

Vitamins are widely distributed in nature. They are found in many foods and most of all products of plant origin: vegetables, fruits, cereals, roots, berries. Some vitamins (vitamins of group B, PP and vitamin K) are formed in humans and animals under the influence of the intestinal microflora.
Functional disorders and damage to the digestive organs can therefore lead to some disorders of vitamin metabolism with subsequent violations of the vitamin balance.

Minerals are part of the cells and tissues, they are necessary for adequate growth and development of tissues, as well as for the proper functioning of the digestive organs. The vital components of human nutrition are minerals: macro elements - sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, chlorine, sulfur - and trace elements - iodine, fluorine, copper, zinc, manganese, etc.

For a growing child's body, it is especially important to supply such minerals as calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium. In addition, the child needs magnesium, copper, bromine, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluorine, and others. They are an integral part of many enzymes, hormones, vitamins and have a great influence on the metabolism, growth and development of the body. The lack of one or another of them in the body often leads to a specific disease: endemic goiter in the absence of iodine, severe anemia in the absence of cobalt or copper, tooth decay with a lack of fluoride, etc. The need of children for minerals, including trace elements, up to 2 months of life is satisfied by breast milk of the mother. From 2 months they should be administered with juices of berries, fruits and vegetables, and from 5–6 months - with supplements.
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The value of vitamins and minerals for the growth and development of the child

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  2. Absorption of vitamins and minerals
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  3. Importance of vitamins for children's health and development
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