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The value of vitamins and minerals for the growth and development of the child

For the normal development of the body, children should have enough vitamins in their diet. They not only protect the body from diseases associated with them, but also are components of the tissues. Without vitamins, enzymes are not formed, and, consequently, all reactions occurring in the body are delayed, the normal metabolism is disturbed, digestion and blood formation are affected, the efficiency and endurance decrease. Vitamins play an important role in maintaining the body's immunobiological properties, high resistance to adverse environmental factors, including infections.

The complete absence of any vitamin for a long time can lead to the development of beriberi. If the body lacks several vitamins, polyavitaminosis occurs. A lack of certain vitamins leads to hypovitaminosis, accompanied by a slowing down of growth, and then a drop in weight, general lethargy, increased fatigue, loss of appetite, and in some cases visual impairment, excessive nervousness, and impaired normal function of the gastrointestinal tract.

Vitamins are widely distributed in nature. They are found in many foods and most of all products of plant origin: vegetables, fruits, cereals, roots, berries. Some vitamins (vitamins of group B, PP and vitamin K) are formed in humans and animals under the influence of the intestinal microflora.
Functional disorders and damage to the digestive organs can therefore lead to some disorders of vitamin metabolism with subsequent violations of the vitamin balance.

Minerals are part of the cells and tissues, they are necessary for adequate growth and development of tissues, as well as for the proper functioning of the digestive organs. The vital components of human nutrition are minerals: macro elements - sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, chlorine, sulfur - and trace elements - iodine, fluorine, copper, zinc, manganese, etc.

For a growing child's body, it is especially important to supply such minerals as calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium. In addition, the child needs magnesium, copper, bromine, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluorine, and others. They are an integral part of many enzymes, hormones, vitamins and have a great influence on the metabolism, growth and development of the body. The lack of one or another of them in the body often leads to a specific disease: endemic goiter in the absence of iodine, severe anemia in the absence of cobalt or copper, tooth decay with a lack of fluoride, etc. The need of children for minerals, including trace elements, up to 2 months of life is satisfied by breast milk of the mother. From 2 months they should be administered with juices of berries, fruits and vegetables, and from 5–6 months - with supplements.
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The value of vitamins and minerals for the growth and development of the child

  1. Hygienic importance of minerals and vitamins in the diet of the population
    Minerals and vitamins play a very important and at the same time peculiar role in the vital activity of the organism. First of all, they are not used as energy materials, which is a specific feature for proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Another distinctive feature of these nutrients is the relatively very insignificant quantitative need for them in the body. Enough
  2. Absorption of vitamins and minerals
    Folic acid. Biologically active form of folic acid - tetrahydrofolic - the most important component in the reactions of "one-carbon" transfer in the synthesis of thymidine nucleic acid from deoxyuridine. A deficiency of folic acid leads to the development of macrocytic anemia. Folate is found in green vegetables and fruits and comes in the form of pteroyl polyglutamate. Suction occurs mostly in skinny
  3. Importance of vitamins for children's health and development
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  4. Critical periods of child development, their importance for speech and psychomotor development
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  5. Newborn Unconditioned reflexes and their importance for the development of the child.
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  6. The value of fats, carbohydrates and minerals in human nutrition. The norms of these components of food and the sources of their entry into the human body
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  7. The value of vitamins in human nutrition. Food - sources of vitamins
    For a long time, mankind has noticed that with a long monotonous diet, in cases of exclusion of some products from the diet, especially during long expeditions, quite often various diseases occurred. At first glance, there was no first cause. However, with the accumulation of this experience, it became clear that in food there are some specific components in very small quantities,
  8. Minerals
    Mineral substances are essential nutrients that must be ingested. The value of minerals in human nutrition is very diverse: 1. Mineral substances in the body are included in the complex of substances that make up the living protoplasm of cells, in which the main substance is protein. 2. Mineral substances are part of all the extracellular and interstitial
  9. Diseases associated with a lack of vitamins and minerals
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  10. Minerals and trace elements (minerals)
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  12. The exchange of water and minerals
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  14. ROLE OF VITAMINS IN THE EXCHANGE OF SUBSTANCES
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  15. VITAMINS AND THEIR VALUE IN FOOD
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  19. The value of school hygiene to promote student health. The main stages of the development of hygiene of children and adolescents
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