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Allergic diseases of the nose and ear

M. Lierl

Allergic rhinitis is a disease caused by allergic reactions that occur in the nasal mucosa. Distinguish between seasonal and year-round allergic rhinitis. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is caused by allergens that are present in the air only at a certain time of the year: plant pollen, fungal spores, insect particles, year-round - allergens with which the patient is in constant contact, as a rule, these are household allergens: mites, animal epidermis, cockroaches, mushrooms . In clinical manifestations, allergic rhinitis is similar to other forms of chronic rhinitis. Complications of allergic rhinitis can be sinusitis, otitis media, polyps of the nose.

A large role in the development of allergic rhinitis is assigned to a hereditary predisposition, however, the type of inheritance of this disease has not been established.
In the presence of allergic rhinitis or bronchial asthma in both parents, the risk of one of these diseases in children is 70%, in one of the parents - 50%. Allergic diseases of the upper respiratory tract most often occur in 6–13 years of age, but allergic rhinitis often develops in children under 5 years of age. At the age of 10 years, boys are more likely to fall ill, 10-20 years old - girls and girls. Allergic rhinitis, like allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, usually occurs after prolonged exposure to an allergen, so this disease is rarely seen in children under 3 years of age. In adults who change their place of residence, allergic rhinitis also resumes no earlier than 3 years after the move.
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Allergic diseases of the nose and ear

  1. DISEASES OF THE NOSE AND NEXTILOUS SINAS, THROATS, Larynx and Ear
    The upper respiratory tract (nose, paranasal sinuses, pharynx and larynx) perform the most important life-supporting functions, a detailed description of which is given in Part I. The next part is devoted to diseases of these organs. Based on the functional significance in the clinic of each of the organs - reflex, humoral and other connections of these organs with the body as a whole, we can conclude
  2. SYNDROMES AND EMERGENCY CONDITIONS FOR DISEASES OF THE EAR, THROAT AND NOSE
    SYNDROMES AND EMERGENCY CONDITIONS FOR DISEASES OF THE EAR, THROAT AND
  3. Allergic diseases of the paranasal sinuses (allergic sinusitis)
    Acute and chronic allergic diseases of the paranasal sinuses represent a special category of pathological conditions of the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract resulting from an increased sensitivity of the patient's body to a foreign protein (antigen or allergen) and due to neurogenic and endocrine disorders. In the pathology of the disease a large role belongs
  4. The composition of the microflora of the nasal mucosa with allergic rhinosinusitis
    The widespread occurrence of allergic diseases in economically developed countries is inextricably linked with the concentration of the population in large industrial centers, with the pollution of the atmosphere, soil and water bodies with numerous products and wastes of modern production. In this regard, allergic diseases are defined as “diseases of civilization,” which occupy socio-economic damage
  5. Medical sorting of injured ear, nose, throat
    On the battlefield and on the BCH, the victims are divided into two groups: - the first - the wounded with signs of suffocation (frequent hoarse breathing, blueness of the face, motor anxiety) or with bleeding from the nose, ear, mouth, and neck. The wounded of this group are assisted and evacuated to the MPP in the first place; - the second - wounded with damage to the ENT organs without signs of suffocation and bleeding,
  6. Characteristics of medical care for injuries of the ear, throat, nose
    Those injured with mechanical trauma of ENT organs receive assistance at the stages of pre-medical, first medical and qualified care only for respiratory distress, ongoing bleeding, heavy blood loss and shock. In emergency care due to bleeding from damage to the blood vessels and respiratory tract, approximately 10.5% of the ENT of the wounded are in need (bleeding is observed in 7.5%
  7. ALLERGIC LUNG DISEASES
    In recent decades, a significant increase in the number. patients with allergic diseases of the bronchopulmonary apparatus. Allergic lung diseases include exogenous allergic alveolitis, pulmonary eosinophilia, and drug
  8. Allergic eye diseases
    Allergic eye diseases are widespread. About 10% of visits to ophthalmologists, 25% of visits to allergists-immunologists and 5% of visits to pediatricians and therapists are associated with them. Diagnosis and treatment of these diseases in most cases is difficult, due to the lack of clear diagnostic criteria and common approaches to treatment. A. Differential diagnosis. Allergic
  9. Allergic bowel disease
    DEFINITION Early IW with the introduction of foreign proteins (cow, soy) can lead to the development of food allergies in the newborn, especially at risk for allergic diseases. Allergic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract include allergic enterocolitis, enteropathy and eosinophilic esophagogastroenteritis. The role of allergy in the genesis of some other diseases is assumed. CODE ON ICD-K52.9
  10. Allergic Disease Treatment
    T. Fisher, C. O'Brien, G. Entis, Environmental Factors; 2) drug treatment; 3) desensitization. When choosing a tactic, treatment of allergic diseases includes: 1) elimination of contact with allergens and the fight against adverse treatment, it is necessary to take into account not only the severity of the disease and the inconvenience it causes, but also the cost and side effects of the prescribed drugs. IN
  11. DIAGNOSTIC METHODS OF ALLERGIC DISEASES
    The effectiveness of therapy and prevention is largely determined by the quality of diagnostic measures aimed at identifying the causes and factors contributing to the emergence, formation and progression of allergic diseases. Diagnostic methods for allergic diseases include: 1. Collection of an allergy history (history of the disease and patient’s life). 2. An objective examination of the patient.
  12. Middle ear disease
    Middle ear diseases are considered very common in all age groups, especially in childhood. With an unfavorable course, these diseases often lead to a persistent decrease in hearing, sometimes reaching a sharp degree. Due to the anatomical and physiological connection of the middle ear with the inner one and its topographic proximity to the meninges, inflammatory processes in the middle ear can cause severe
  13. ALLERGIC DISEASES
    ALLERGIC
  14. ALLERGIC DISEASES
    ALLERGIC
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