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The causative agent is pinworm.
The transmission route is oral.
The egg enters the intestine, after 12-14 days it matures into a mature individual that lives for 3 weeks. Males fertilize females, die, females crawl out through the anus. Lay eggs in the perianal folds, after 6 hours - invasive.
Itching and burning in the area of the anus, perineum - irritability, anxiety, etc.
Complication - creeping worms in the appendix, genitals, secondary information.
Treatment - pyrvium pamoat - 5 mg / kg once, pyrantel, mebendazole, medamin, piperazine
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- Parasitic diseases in children (enterobiasis, ascariasis)
Of all the registered parasitosis in humans in the republic, enterobiosis and ascariasis are among the most significant. Enterobiasis - helminthiasis, causing. round helminth-pinworm. Etiology and epidemiology. The pinworm is a small white nematode parasitizing in the human intestine. The life span of the helminth is from 1 to 3 months, at the end of the life the female helminth creeps out and set aside
Etiology. The causative agent is the pinworm female, 9–12 cm long, the males, 3–4 cm. The males die after fertilization, the females emerge from the anus and begin to lay eggs on the perianal area and perineum. Infection occurs as a result of ingestion of invasive eggs. Possible autoinvasion. In the upper small intestine, invasive larvae leave the egg membranes and in the colon
- Crib. Infectious diseases, 2010
Typhoid fever. Paratypus A and V. Holera. Amebiasis. Yersinioza. Ascariasis. Trichinosis. Typhus typhus, Brill-Zinsser b.n. Echinococcosis. Enterobiasis. Ku-fever. Lyme-borreliosis. Leptospirosis. Tularemia. Siberian ulcer. Meningococcal infection. Chuma. Column. Rabies. Ornithosis. Legionellosis. Rozh. Gripp. Food
- Intestinal nematodes
James J. Plord (James J. Plorde) Enterobiasis Definition. Enterobiasis is a person's intestinal helminthiasis caused by pinworms (Enterobius vermicularis), a characteristic feature of which is perianal itching. Pinworm eggs were found in a 10,000-year-old coprolite (intestinal stone), which makes them the oldest known human parasites. Enterobiasis affected about
Ascariasis Ascariasis is a person's helminthiasis caused by Ascaris lumbricoides round helminth. Characterized by an allergic syndrome in the early phase of the disease and dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract - in the late. Selection of antimicrobial drugs. Preparations of choice: pyrantel, 10 mg / kg once. Alternative drugs: levamisole, mebendazole, albendazole. ANKILOSTOMIDOSIS Ankilostomidoz -
- Pyrantel pamoat
Pyrimidine derivative. Active only in relation to round worms. The mechanism of action of Pyrantel pamoat acts against worms as a depolarizing muscle relaxant, causing the development of neuromuscular blockade. Spectrum of Ascaris, pinworms, hookworms and some other nematodes. Pharmacokinetics Poorly absorbed in the digestive tract. Excreted mainly with feces (less than
- Contact Helminthiasis
Enterobiasis - helminthiasis caused by pinworms. Distributed everywhere. In terms of frequency, it ranks first among helminth infections in children of preschool and primary school age in organized groups. Pinworms - round worms about 1 cm long, parasitizing in the lower section of the small and the initial section of the human large intestine. After fertilization, the males die, and the females
Roundworms. Morphology and anatomy. Some features of nutrition and metabolism of nematodes. Reproduction and life cycles. Parasitic roundworms are the causative agents of many dangerous diseases (nematodoses) of humans and domestic animals. The economic damage caused by nematodes in agriculture is very great. They also pose a serious threat to human health. Nematodose. Ascariasis
- Helminthiasis in children. Practical skills
Questions for repetition: 1. The cycles of development of ascaris, whipworms, pinworms; pork, bovine and dwarf chain. Control questions: 1. Prevalence and ways of infection with helminths in children. 2. Clinical manifestations of ascariasis, depending on the stage of development. Diagnosis and treatment. 3. Clinical manifestations of enterobiosis. Diagnosis and treatment. 4. Clinical manifestations of trichocephalosis.
It is characterized by a narrow spectrum of activity. Acts only on some round worms. It is one of the drugs of choice for the treatment of ascariasis. Mechanism of action The anthelmintic effect is caused by a violation of the bioenergetics of helminths and a paralyzing effect. Spectrum of Ascaris, pinworms and some other nematodes. Pharmacokinetics Well and quickly absorbed in
It has structural similarity with levamisole, but has a slightly wider spectrum of activity. Mechanism of action Antihelminthic action is caused by a violation of the synthesis of cell tubulin, glucose utilization and inhibition of the formation of ATP. The spectrum of activity of Ascaris, pinworms, hookworms, whipworm, trichinae and several other nematodes. Larval stages of some cestodes (echinococcus,
- CUTTLE ACUTE AND CHRONIC. Sweat quince.
Etiology. Classification. Urticaria is a blister-type reaction (exudative, floorless) that can occur acutely or slowly. The development of urticaria on an allergic basis is more often observed with drug, food, insecticidal, pollen allergies, with helminth invasion (ascariasis, trichocephalosis, enterobiasis, trichinosis, toxocarosis, strongyloidosis). False Allergic
- Vulvovaginitis and diseases of the internal genital organs
Vulvovaginitis - inflammation of the vulva and vagina - is the most common disease of the genitals in children. The etiology of the disease is the same as in adults. According to the clinical and etiological trait, bacterial, helminthic (enterobiosis), protozoal (trichomoniasis), mycotic (candidiasis), viral vulvovaginitis are isolated. Children from 2 to 9 suffer from vulvovaginitis.
- Chronic cholecystitis in children
Protocol code: 07-075b Profile: pediatric Treatment phase: inpatient Purpose of the stage: 1. removal of exacerbation of the disease, 2. correction of motor disorders, 3. relief of pain and dyspeptic syndromes. Duration of treatment (days): 14 ICD codes: K81 Cholecystitis K81.1 Chronic cholecystitis K83.0 Cholangitis K91.5 Postcholecystectomy syndrome Definition: Chronic cholecystitis is
The urgency of the problem of helminth infections is associated with their widespread occurrence, the variety of negative effects on the human body and the pronounced polymorphism of clinical manifestations that impede the differential diagnosis of diseases, the lack of sterile immunity and specific methods of prevention. There are up to 300 species of helminths in the world, most of them are races in countries with
- Railway transport
Purposeful conduct of a coproovoscopic examination of railroad trainers and passenger car conductors on a number of roads showed that they were significantly affected by helminth infections compared with the territorial adult population. The greatest invasiveness of intestinal helminthiases (ascariasis, trichocephalosis) was found in the fitters of Tselinna, October, Lviv, Moldavian
- Functional dyspepsia in children
Protocol code: 06-072с Profile: pediatric Stage: inpatient Purpose of the stage: 1. relief of pain, 2. normalization of motor disorders, 3. exclusion of diseases included in the group of organic dyspepsia. Duration of treatment (days): 14 ICD code: K30 Dyspepsia Definition: Functional dyspepsia is a symptom complex that occurs in children older than a year and includes pain or
Helminthiasis is a group of diseases caused by parasitic worms - helminths. In humans, more than 250 species of helminths are described, of which in Russia representatives of the class of roundworms are of the greatest importance: pathogens of ascariasis, ankilostomidoz, trichinosis, enterobiosis; trichuriasis; class of tapeworms: teniasis, diphyllobothriasis, echinococcosis; class flukes:
- SANITARY PARASITOLOGY. FORMATION, CONDITION AND PERSPECTIVES OF ITS DEVELOPMENT
The progressive and accelerated development of any science is characterized by a pronounced process of differentiation, ahead of integration. The most important for the progress of science is the development of optimal means of knowledge. This leads to the discovery of new patterns that are beginning to be applied in the practice of people. The processes of differentiation and enrichment of the cognitive side of science, opening
- Epidemiological significance of the soil
As already mentioned, the soil is a natural receiver of solid and liquid wastes of humans and animals, which may contain pathogens of various diseases. Fortunately, most pathogenic microorganisms that have fallen into clean, unpolluted soil, more or less quickly die. In the soil contaminated with organic substances, they are able to maintain