Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous || Next >> |
Pathogen - pinworm.
The route of transmission is oral.
The egg gets into the bowel, after 12-14 days it ripens to the matured individual, which lives 3 weeks. Males fertilize females, die, females creep out through the anus. Lay eggs in perianal folds, after 6 hours - are invasive.
Itching and burning in the area of the anus, perineum - irritability, anxiety, etc.
Complication - crawling helminths in the appendix, genitals, secondary inf.
Treatment - pervinia pamoat - 5 mg / kg once, pyrantel, mebendazole, medamine, piperazine
| << Previous || Next >> |
| = Skip to the content of the tutorial = |
- Parasitic diseases in children (enterobiasis, ascariasis)
Of all the registered parasitosis in humans on the territory of the republic, enterobiosis and ascariasis are among the most significant. Enterobiosis - helminthiasis, causing. round helminth pinpoint. Etiology and epidemiology. Pinworm is a small nematode of white color parasitizing in the human intestine. The life expectancy of the helminth is from 1 to 3 months, at the end of life the female helminth crawls out and lays off
Etiology. The causative agent is a female oyster with a length of 9-12 cm, males 3-4 cm. Males die after fertilization, females leave the anus and start laying eggs on the perianal area and perineum. Infection occurs as a result of ingestion of invasive eggs. Autoinvasion is possible. In the upper part of the small intestine, invasive larvae leave the egg shells and in the large intestine
- Crib. Infectious Diseases, 2010
Abdominal typhus. Paratyphoid A and V. Cholera. Amebiaz. Yersiniosis. Ascariasis. Trichinellez.Sypnoe typhus, b-nd Brill-Zinssera. Echinococcosis. Enterobiosis. Ku-fever. Lime-borreliosis. Leptospirosis. Tularemia. Anthrax. Meningococcal infection. Chuma.Stolbnyak.Beshenstvo.Ornitoz. Legionellosis.Rozha.Grip.Pishchevye
- Intestinal Nematodes
James J. Plorde (James J. Plorde) Enterobiosis Definition. Enterobiosis is the intestinal helminthiasis of a person caused by pinworms (Enterobius vermicularis), the characteristic sign of which is perianal itching. Eggs of pinworms were found in a 10,000-year-old coprolite (intestinal stone), which allows them to be considered the oldest of the discovered parasites of man. Enterobiasis affects about
ASKARIDOZ Ascariasis is a human helminthiasis caused by the round helminth Ascaris lumbricoides. It is characterized by an allergic syndrome in the early phase of the disease and a violation of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract - in the late phase. Choice of antimicrobial drugs The drugs of choice: pyrantel, 10 mg / kg once. Alternative drugs: levamisole, mebendazole, albendazole. ANKILOSTOMIDOZ Ankylostomidosis -
- Pirantela pamoat
The pyrimidine derivative. It is active only in relation to round helminths. The mechanism of action of Pirantel pamoate acts against helminths as a depolarizing muscle relaxant, which causes the development of a neuromuscular blockade. Spectrum of activity Ascaris, pinworm, hookworm and some other nematodes. Pharmacokinetics Poorly absorbed in the digestive tract. Excreted mainly with feces (less
- Contact helminthiases
Enterobiosis - helminthiasis caused by pinworms. It is widespread everywhere. By frequency of occurrence it takes the first place among helminthiases in children of preschool and primary school age in organized collectives. Pinworms are round worms about 1 cm long, parasitizing in the lower part of the thin and initial section of the human colon. After fertilization, males die, and females
- Round worms.
Round worms. Morphology and anatomy. Some features of nutrition and metabolism of nematodes. Reproduction and life cycles. Parasitic round worms are the causative agents of many dangerous diseases (nematodoses) of humans and domestic animals. The economic damage caused by nematodes in agriculture is very large, they also pose a serious threat to human health. Nematodose. Ascaridosis
- Helminthiases in children. Practical skills acquisition
Questions for repetition: 1. Cycles of development of ascarids, vlasoglavov, pinworms; pig, bull and dwarf chain. Control questions: 1. Prevalence and ways of infection with helminths in children. 2. Clinical manifestations of ascariasis, depending on the stage of development. Diagnosis and treatment. 3. Clinical manifestations of enterobiasis. Diagnosis and treatment. 4. Clinical manifestations of trichocephalosis.
Characterized by a narrow spectrum of activity. Valid only for some round helminths. It is one of the drugs of choice for the treatment of ascaridosis. Mechanism of action The anthelmintic effect is caused by the disturbance of the bioenergetics of the helminths and the paralyzing action. Spectrum of activity Ascaris, pinworm and some other nematodes. Pharmacokinetics Well and quickly absorbed into
It has a structural similarity with levamisole, but has a slightly wider spectrum of activity. Mechanism of action The anthelmintic effect is due to a violation of the synthesis of cellular tubulin, utilization of glucose and inhibition of ATP formation. The spectrum of activity of Ascaris, pinworm, hookworm, withered head, trichinella and a number of other nematodes. The larval stages of some cestodes (echinococcus,
- SHOWER ACROSS AND CHRONIC. OTEK QUEEN.
Etiology. Classification. Urticaria is a reaction of the blistering type (exudative, vagal), which can occur acutely or slowly. The development of urticaria on an allergic basis is more often observed with medicinal, food, insecticidal, pollen allergies, helminthic invasion (ascariasis, trichocephalosis, enterobiasis, trichinosis, toxocarosis, strongyloidiasis). False allergic
- Vulvovaginitis and diseases of internal genital organs
Vulvovaginitis - inflammation of the vulva and vagina - this is the most common disease of the genitals in childhood. The etiology of the disease is the same as in adults. On the basis of clinical and etiological signs, there are bacterial, helminthic (enterobiosis), protozoal (trichomoniasis), mycotic (candidymycosis), viral vulvovaginitis. Vulvovaginitis is more common in children from 2 to 9
- Chronic cholecystitis in children
Protocol code: 07-075b Profile: pediatric Stage of treatment: hospital The purpose of the stage: 1. relief of the exacerbation of the disease, 2. correction of motor disorders, 3. cupping of pain and dyspeptic syndromes. Duration of treatment (days): 14 ICD codes: K81 Cholecystitis K81.1 Chronic cholecystitis K83.0 Cholangitis K91.5 Postcholecystectomy syndrome Definition: Chronic cholecystitis is
The relevance of the problem of helminthiosis is associated with their widespread prevalence, the variety of negative effects on the human body and the pronounced polymorphism of clinical manifestations that hinder the differential diagnosis of diseases, the lack of sterile immunity and specific methods of prevention. In the world there are up to 300 species of helminths, most of them are races in countries with
- Railway transport
The purposeful conduct of a coproovoscopic examination of railway track monitors and conductors of passenger cars on a number of roads showed a significant damage to helminthiases in comparison with the territorial adult population. The greatest invasiveness of intestinal helminthiases (ascaridosis, trichocephalosis) was found in the Tselinnaya, Oktyabrskaya, Lvov, Moldavian
- Functional dyspepsia in children
Protocol code: 06-072s Profile: pediatric Stage: inpatient The goal of the stage: 1. Pain relief, 2. Normalization of motor disorders, 3. Exclusion of diseases belonging to the group of organic dyspepsia. Duration of treatment (days): 14 ICD code: K30 Dyspepsia Definition: Functional dyspepsia is a symptomatic complex that is given in children over the year and includes pain or
Helminthiasis is a group of diseases caused by parasitic worms-helminths. In humans, more than 250 species of helminths are described, among them the representatives of the class of roundworms are most important in Russia: causative agents of ascariasis, ankylostomiasis, trichinosis, enterobiosis; trichocephalosis; class of tapeworms: shinose, diphyllobothriasis, echinococcosis; class flukes:
- SANITARY PARASITOLOGY. FORMATION, STATUS AND PROSPECTS FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT
The progressive and accelerated development of any science is characterized by a pronounced process of differentiation, which outstrips integration. The most important for the progress of science is the development of optimal means of cognition. This leads to the discovery of new patterns that are beginning to be applied in people's practice. The processes of differentiation and enrichment of the cognitive side of science, discovering
- Epidemiological significance of the soil
As already mentioned, the soil is a natural receptor for solid and liquid wastes of human and animal life, in which pathogens of various diseases can be found. Fortunately, most of the pathogens caught in clean, unpolluted soil are dying more or less quickly. In soil, contaminated with organic substances, they are able to preserve