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Mumps (mumps) is a childhood viral infection characterized by acute inflammation in the salivary glands. The causative agent of mumps belongs to the RNA-containing viruses, the genus Paramyxovirus.
Infection occurs by airborne droplets. The susceptibility to this disease is about 50-60% (that is, 50-60% of those who were in contact and did not get sick or not vaccinated get sick). Mumps begins with an increase in body temperature to 39 degrees C and severe pain in or under the ear, worse when swallowing or chewing. At the same time, salivation increases. Swelling quickly enough in the upper neck and cheeks, and touching this place causes severe pain in the child. This disease in itself is not dangerous. Unpleasant symptoms disappear within three to four days: body temperature decreases, swelling decreases, and pain passes.
However, often enough, mumps results in inflammation in the glandular organs, such as the pancreas (pancreatitis), and the gonads. Postponed pancreatitis in some cases leads to diabetes mellitus. Inflammation of the sex glands (testicles) more often occurs in boys. This significantly complicates the course of the disease, and in some cases can result in infertility.
In especially severe cases, mumps can be complicated by viral meningitis (inflammation of the meninges), which is difficult, but not fatal.
After the disease, a stable immunity is formed. Re-infection is virtually impossible.
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Training target: using diagnostic algorithms, be able to establish a diagnosis of mumps, determine the clinical form of the disease, complications and prescribe adequate treatment. Assignment for independent study of the topic. Using a textbook and lecture material to acquire the necessary basic knowledge, learn the following sections for practical training: 1.
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