home
about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

FEATURES OF TREATMENT OF CNS INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN

In newborns, pathogens are more often group B streptococci, enterobacteria and listeria. Due to the fact that cefotaxime is inactive against listeria, at the same time, ampicillin or ampicillin in combination with aminoglycosides (usually with gentamicin) are used in children. Children are contraindicated the use of co-trimoxazole in the first 2 months, fluoroquinolones - up to 16 years. Cepepime is approved for use from 2 months of age.

In children, compared with adults, the indications for administration in purulent meningitis of glucocorticoids are expanded, which significantly reduce the mortality and the frequency of complications in meningitis caused by H. Influenzae type B. 0.15 mg / kg dexamethasone is used every 6 hours for 2 days. The first dose of dexamethasone should be administered iv 15 minutes before the first administration of AMP.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

FEATURES OF TREATMENT OF CNS INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN

  1. FEATURES OF TREATMENT OF CNS INFECTIONS IN PREGNANCY
    When choosing AMP in pregnant women, it is necessary to take into account its safety for the fetus: it is not recommended to use fluoroquinolones throughout the entire period of pregnancy, co-trimoxazole is contraindicated in the I and III trimester. Aminoglycosides and vancomycin can be used only for health reasons. The main drugs are III generation penicillins or cephalosporins
  2. FEATURES OF TREATMENT OF CNS INFECTIONS IN BREAST-FEEDING
    Mandatory hospitalization of the patient with isolation from the child and with the termination of feeding
  3. PECULIARITIES OF TREATMENT OF CNS INFECTIONS IN ELDERLY PEOPLE
    In the elderly, renal function is often reduced, which requires special care when using aminoglycosides. It should be remembered that in such patients, vancomycin elimination is slowed down (half-life is 7.5 days). There is also a high frequency of HP when used
  4. FEATURES OF TREATMENT OF INFECTIONS OF IMP IN CHILDREN
    The spectrum of pathogens in children does not differ from that in adults. The leading pathogen is E. coli and other representatives of the Enterobacteriaceae family. For moderate and severe pyelonephritis, children in the first 2 years of life are recommended to be hospitalized. The use of cefepime and co-trimoxazole is contraindicated in children up to 2 months, meropenem - up to 3 months. The use of fluoroquinolones is allowed
  5. ANATOMO-PHYSIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE CNS AND THEIR CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE. NEUROLOGICAL STUDIES OF CHILDREN. Semiotics of defeats.
    The nervous system is formed from the external germinal leaf of the ectoderm. First, a medullary plate is laid. It is dissected by the primary medullary sulcus, its outer edges come together and close. Thus, a neural tube is formed - the most important element of a vertebrate embryo from the standpoint of embryology. The name of the group of diseases arising from primary formation disorders
  6. Features of the course of HIV infection in children
    Among the diseases associated with secondary immunodeficiency, a disease recently reported in the United States Centers for Disease Control, called Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrom (AIDS, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrom) for the first time in 1981, has been of great interest. This was a report of pneumonia in five young, previously healthy men,
  7. Features of treating children
    Each of the forms of therapy we have described is likely to have ever been used in the treatment of children and adolescents suffering from mental disorders. Studies evaluating the effectiveness of psychological and biological forms of therapy in most cases show that the condition of children and adolescents who have undergone therapy improves compared to those who do not undergo therapy (Weisz et al., 1995).
  8. Opportunistic CNS infections
    AIDS patients have an increased risk of central nervous system damage with toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, tuberculosis, cytomegalovirus and varicella-zoster virus, as well as progressive multifocal encephalopathy. At the same time, the risk of acute bacterial meningitis and bacterial abscesses of the brain is not increased. Treatment of opportunistic infections is carried out according to general rules, however, a longer treatment is used.
  9. PECULIARITIES OF TREATMENT OF INFECTIOUS INFECTIONS IN ELDERLY PEOPLE
    In elderly people, the frequency of infections with MEP is significantly increased, which is associated with complicating factors: benign prostatic hyperplasia in men and a decrease in estrogen levels in women during menopause. Therefore, treatment of infections of MVP should include not only the use of AMP, but also the correction of the described risk factors. With benign prostatic hyperplasia
  10. PECULIARITIES OF TREATMENT OF INFECTIOUS IMPACT IN PREGNANCY
    When choosing an AMP, pregnant women must take into account its safety for the fetus: you cannot use fluoroquinolones during the entire period of pregnancy, co-trimoxazole is contraindicated in the I and III trimester, aminoglycosides can be used only for health reasons. Asymptomatic Bacteriuria, Acute Cystitis It occurs in 7% of pregnant women. The appointment of AMP due to the high
  11. Syphilitic violation of the central nervous system. Damage to the central nervous system with tuberculosis. Clinical manifestations.
    Syphilitic disorders of the central nervous system (Neurosyphilis) The causative agent of syphilis is pale treponema. Under the microscope, pale treponema is a spiral-shaped microorganism resembling a corkscrew. The total length of treponema varies from 7 to 14 microns, thickness - 0.2-0.5 microns. For pale treponema, pronounced mobility is characteristic. It is characterized by progressive, oscillatory, pendulum-like,
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019
info@medicine-guidebook.com