home
about the project
Medical news
For authors
Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous Next >>

PARTICULAR INFECTION

Mumps infection (mumps, mumps) is an acute infectious viral disease characterized by damage to the glandular organs and central nervous system.

Clinical diagnosis

The incubation period is 11-21 days (an average of 18-20 days).

The glandular form. The onset is acute, sometimes with prodromes (malaise, muscle pain, headache, impaired sleep and appetite). Fever, increase and soreness of the salivary glands (submandibular, sublingual, more often - parotid). Inflammatory changes in the area of ​​the excretory ducts of the glands.

Orchitis, pancreatitis, etc.

Nervous form. The onset is acute. Fever, severe headache, vomiting, meningeal syndrome, focal lesions of the brain and cranial nerves.

Laboratory diagnostics

1. Virological method. From the 1-5th day of the disease, saliva, blood, less often, cerebrospinal fluid are examined to isolate the virus in developing chicken embryos.

2. The serological method. Paired sera are examined in rtga (with an interval of 7-14 days) in order to detect antibodies and increase their titer.

3. Other methods. In the nervous form: in the early days, when examining the cerebrospinal fluid, an increase in protein of up to 2.5% is detected, lymphocytic cytosis in the range of 300-700 cells per 1 mm.
With damage to the pancreas, an increase in the activity of blood diastase is detected (normally 32-64 units).

Activities for patients and contacts

Hospitalization. According to clinical and epidemiological indications.

Isolation contact. Children under 10 years old who did not have mumps disconnect for 21 days from the moment of contact. When establishing the exact day of contact, disconnection begins on the 11th day. With the occurrence of repeated cases of the disease in an institution, separation is not carried out.

Statement conditions. Clinical recovery, not earlier than 9 days from the onset of the disease. With the nervous form - not earlier than 21 days from the onset of the disease, with the development of pancreatitis - a control determination of the activity of blood diastase.

Admission to the team. After clinical recovery.

Clinical examination: For those who have suffered a nervous form, an observation is carried out for 2 years with an examination by a neuropsychiatrist in the 1st year 4 times, in the 2nd - 1-2 times.

According to indications - examination by an ophthalmologist and otolaryngologist

Specific prophylaxis

Live vaccine vaccine inoculate children aged 15-18 months.

Nonspecific prevention Isolation of patients.
<< Previous Next >>
= Skip to textbook content =

PARTICULAR INFECTION

  1. Mumps meningitis
    It occurs primarily or secondarily against the background of mumps. The clinic is characterized by acute onset, fever, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Stiff neck. Symptoms of Kernig, Brudzinsky are revealed. In severe cases of the course of mumps meningitis, symptoms of involvement not only of the membranes, but also of the substance of the brain are revealed. There are signs of focal
  2. Bacterial and viral airborne infections: influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus infection, respiratory syncytial infection. Bacterial bronchopneumonia, lobar pneumonia.
    1. Supplement: Atelectasis of the lungs is _______________________. 2. The clinical and morphological form of bacterial pneumonia is determined by 1. the type of inflammation 3. the etiological agent 2. the affected area 4. the response of the body 3. In case of croupous pneumonia the consistency of the affected lobe 1. dense 2. flabby 3. not changed 4. The ability of the virus to selectively infect cells and tissues
  3. HIV INFECTION AND SYPHILIS - A GENERALITY OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND FEATURES OF CLINICAL COURSE IN PATIENTS WITH MIXED INFECTION
    Analysis of the HIV epidemic gives reason to fully consider it as a sexually transmitted disease, the epidemiological and clinical features of which are very similar to syphilis. HIV infection has a number of STIs that are characteristic of pathogens, especially pale treponema, biological properties, and in the spread of HIV infection, as well as other STIs, they play a decisive role
  4. for infectious diseases (typhoid-paratyphoid infection, typhus, yersineosis, meningococcal infection)
    In case of epidemic typhus: the rash appears on the 4th-5th day of the disease, has a rose-petechial character: roseola 2-4 mm in diameter, with fuzzy edges, in the center of some roseola there are small hemorrhages - secondary petechiae, small hemorrhages can be found next to the skin - primary petechiae. The rash is localized mainly on the skin of the lateral surfaces of the chest and abdomen, internal
  5. Infant infections: measles. scarlet fever, diphtheria, meningococcal infection.
    1. Meningococcus transmission route 1. contact 4. transmissible 2. nutritional 5. airborne 3. parenteral 2. Complications of the second period of scarlet fever 1. arthritis 4. glomerulonephritis 2. vasculitis 5. purulent meningitis 3. neck phlegmon 6. parenchymal neuritis 3 Supplement: 1. Myocarditis in diphtheria is caused by the action of ________________________. 2. With multiple blockage of small bronchi
  6. Abstract. Intestinal infections and their prevention. Distinctive signs of intestinal infections from food poisoning of microbial nature, 2011
    “Intestinal infections and their prevention. Distinctive signs of intestinal infections from foodborne infections of a microbial nature ”Acute intestinal infections include typhoid, paratyphoid A and B, dysentery, cholera, infectious hepatitis, etc. This group of diseases is characterized by the same type of localization of the pathogen (intestines), the same mechanisms and ways of infection (fecal -oral, contact-household),
  7. Perinatal infection intrauterine infections
    Intrauterine infections (IUIs) are infectious diseases and processes caused by pathogens that get to the fetus from a sick mother through a transplacental, hematogenous or descending route, as well as when a child passes through the birth canal (ascending path). To date, the true frequency of IUI has not been established. For the fetus, pathogens with which the mother met
  8. LESSON 12 Aseptic and antiseptic. Wounds: types of wounds, examination of the wounded, first aid. Suppuration of wounds. Acute and chronic surgical infection. Specific wound infection.
    Purpose: To teach students to provide first aid at wounds, to identify symptoms of suppuration of wounds and specific wound infections, to prevent the development of surgical infections, observing the rules of asepsis and antiseptics. Test questions 1. Definition of antiseptics. Types of antiseptics. 2. Chemical antiseptics (groups of halogens, oxidizing agents, acids, alkalis, heavy metals, ethyl
  9. The general concept of HIV infection and the prevention of HIV infection in surgery
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus A virus from the group of retroviruses. It parasitizes in human cells that have a cellular receptor for CD-4 (mainly cells of the lymphoid series). The virus is not very resistant to the effects of active environmental factors, for example, at a temperature of 56 degrees C. It is inactivated for half an hour, at a temperature of 100 degrees C. For 1 to 2 minutes. At the same time in frozen
  10. Viral infections and infections of presumably viral etiology
    Viral infections and suspected viral infections
  11. NOSOCOMIAL WOUND INFECTIONS
    This group of infections, which account for 15-25% of all nosocomial infections, includes infections of surgical, burn and traumatic wounds. The frequency of their development depends on the type of surgical intervention: with clean wounds - 1.5-6.9%, conditionally clean - 7.8-11.7%, contaminated - 12.9-17%, "dirty" - 10-40 % The leading causative agent of wound nosocomial infection remains S.aureus;
  12. HOSPITAL INFECTIONS
    Pierce Gardner, Paul M. Arnow Definition. Nosocomial infections, also called nosocomial infections, are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. They are defined as infections that occur in patients after admission to a medical institution, provided that at the time of admission the patient did not have clinical manifestations of these infections, and he does not
  13. CMV INFECTIONS
    Cytomegalovirus causes various diseases. The most severe lesions are observed in patients with immunodeficiency and in newborns. CMV is able to persist in the latent state of the host after an acute infection. Reactivation can occur with the development of immune suppression, which is accompanied by replication of the virus in the epithelium of the ducts of the kidneys, secretory glands and its excretion with
  14. Food infections
    Foodborne infections are infectious diseases caused by pathogens that can be transmitted through food. Foodborne infections include intestinal anthroponous and zoonotic
Medical portal "MedguideBook" © 2014-2019
info@medicine-guidebook.com