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Human infection S. i. possibly by contact, aerogenic, alimentary and transmissible paths.

Pathogenesis. Entrance gates - damaged skin, mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract. Exotoxin causes coagulation of proteins, tissue edema, anthrax carbuncle develops — an inflammation of the necrosis, and in the center of the focus is skin necrosis with the formation of a brown-black peel. Macrophages are recorded in reg l / nodes. When inhaling anthrax spores, macrophages are inserted in lymph. pathways to the posterior mediastinal lymph nodes. Total necrosis, contributing to hematogenous generalization of infection, multiple hemorrhages in the organs.

Incubation period. 2-3 days (from several hours to 14 days).

1. Skin form. (99%). Happens carbunculosis, edematous (edema without carbuncle), bullous (hemorrhage bubbles), erysipeloid (clear bubbles). At the entrance gate - 1-3 mm stain, reddish-bluish, painless - copper-red papule, itching, burning - 12-24 hours vial with serous, then bloody fist - dark-bottom ulcer, painless !, gray-hemorrhagic discharge, on raised edges - daughter vesicles, then merge together.
After 1-2 weeks - black scab with pop roller around. Regional lymphadenitis. Carbuncle painless! t? Lasts 5-6 days.

2. Septic form. Severe intoxication. Sulfur hemorrhagic pleurisy, hemorrhoid pulmonary edema, abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, peritonitis, meningoencephalitis, brain edema.

Diagnostics. Immunofluorescence, w / c sample with anthraxin. Sowing the contents of the vesicles, carbuncle, sputum, vomiting, feces, blood.

Treatment. Penicillin 6-24 million units / day before the disappearance of sm-s (7-8 days). In septic form - cephalosporins, chloramphenicol, gentamicin. Immunoglobulin.
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    Anthrax (lat. - Febris carbunculosa; English - Anthrax) is a particularly dangerous, acute septic disease of animals of many species and humans, caused by Bacillus anthracis, characterized by septicemia, damage to the skin, intestines, lungs, lymph nodes and the death of diseased animals (see color inset). Historical background, distribution, degree of danger and damage. Anthrax is known
  2. anthrax
    Anthrax (anthrax) is an extremely acute disease of all types of agricultural and wild animals, as well as humans, characterized by sepsis, intoxication and education in areas of the body of different size of carbuncles, in most cases it ends in death. In recent years, anthrax has been recorded as isolated cases, the last case of this
  3. anthrax
    Anthrax is a well-known animal disease that is transmitted to humans and occurs as an acute infectious disease characterized by severe intoxication, lesions of the skin and lymphatic apparatus. It received its name from the Greek word for "coal", by analogy with the black color of the scab, which is formed in the skin form. Etiology. Causative agent
  4. Anthrax.
    Educational task: using the algorithm, determine the clinical form of anthrax, conduct a differential diagnosis (see schemes in the topic "Plague. Tularemia"); assign adequate therapeutic measures for emergency care and treatment at the hospital stage. The task for self-study. Using the textbook, the “Guide to Infectious Diseases”, the lecture material and the list of recommended
    Donald Keyy, Robert J. Petersdorf (Donald Kaye, Robert G. Peters dor f) Definition. Anthrax is a disease of wild and domestic animals. It is transmitted to humans through contact with infected animals or their products, through contact with insects, pathogen carriers, and in some developing countries through direct household contact, for example, when using common household
    Anthrax ? acute infectious disease, characterized by fever, lymphatic system damage, intoxication, occurs in the form of skin, rarely intestinal, pulmonary and septic forms. The causative agent is aerobic bacteria (extremely tenacious). Outside the body of humans and animals forms spores, which are highly resistant to physico-chemical effects. A source
    Anthrax (Siberian, malignant carbuncle) is an acute infectious disease belonging to the group of zoonoses, characterized by severe intoxication, fever, occurring in the form of skin and visceral forms. Clinical diagnosis The incubation period is from several hours to 8 days (on average 2-3 days). Skin form. With carbunculosis varieties in place of the input
    Infectious disease, occurring with symptoms of septicemia or with the formation of carbuncles of various sizes. Among slaughter animals, cattle, horses, camels and pigs are susceptible to the disease. Poultry in the wild does not suffer from anthrax. Wild animals are sick: elks, roes, reindeer, bears, wild boars, zebras, bison, elephants, etc.
  9. anthrax
    Definition: Anthrax is an acute infectious disease of zoonotic origin from the group of infections of the integuments. Introduced into the group of especially dangerous infections. Pathogen: Gram-positive fixed large bacillus Bacillus anthracis, aerobic, optional anaerobic. In a susceptible organism, the vegetative form forms a capsule in the environment when free oxygen is available.
  10. anthrax
    The causative agent is anthrax bacillus Epidemiology. The source of infection are sick animals. Human infection S. i. possibly by contact, aerogenic, alimentary and transmissible paths. Pathogenesis. Entrance gates - damaged skin, mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract. Exotoxin causes protein coagulation, tissue edema, anthrax carbuncle develops - rec-necro
  11. anthrax
  12. anthrax (clinic, diagnosis, treatment)
    Anthrax (synonyms: malignant carbuncle) is an acute infectious disease, occurring mostly in the form of a skin form, less common is pulmonary and intestinal forms. Etiology: Bacillus anthracis - Gr + bacillus. Disputes are stable in the environment for up to 10 years or more. Epidemiology: the source of infection is domestic animals (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs). Path of infection:
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