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Anthrax.

Infection of man S. I. possibly by contact, aerogenic, alimentary and transmissible routes.

Pathogenesis. Entrance gate - damaged skin, mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract. Exotoxin causes coagulation of proteins, tissue swelling, anthrax carbuncle develops - an inflammation of the nose, a necrosis of the skin in the center of the focus with the formation of a brownish-black crust. Macrophages are recorded in the reg / nodes. Upon inhalation of anthrax spores, macrophages are introduced into the lymph. pathways to the posterior mediastinal l / nodes. Total necrosis, which contributes to hematogenous generalization of infection, multiple hemorrhages in various organs.

The incubation period. 2-3 days (from several hours to 14 days).

1. Cutaneous form. (99%). There is carbuncle, edematous (edema without carbuncle), bullous (hemorrhagic blisters), erysipeloid (transparent bubbles). In the entrance gates - a spot 1-3 mm, reddish-blue, painless - papule is copper-red, itching, burning - 12-24 hours vesicle with serous, then bloody zh-tju - ulcer with a dark bottom, painless !, ser-gemor Separated, on the raised edges - daughter vesicles, then merge together.
After 1-2 weeks - a black scab with a wax around it. Regional lymphadenitis. Carbuncle painless! t? lasts 5-6 days.

2. The septic form. Severe intoxication. Ser-hemorrhoid pleurisy, hemorrhagia of the lung, abdominal pain, GI bleeding, peritonitis, meningoencephalitis, cerebral edema.

Diagnostics. Immunofluorescence, in / to the sample with anthraxin. Sowing the contents of vesicles, carbuncles, sputum, vomit, feces, blood.

Treatment. Penicillin 6-24 million units / day before the disappearance of c-MOU (7-8 days). When septic form - cephalosporins, levomitsetin, gentamicin. Immunoglobulin.
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Anthrax.

  1. ANTHRAX
    Anthrax - an especially dangerous, acute septic disease of animals of many species and humans, caused by Bacillus anthracis, characterized by septicemia, skin, intestinal, lung, lymph node damage and death of diseased animals (see Table 1). color insert). Historical background, distribution, degree of danger and damage. Anthrax is known
  2. anthrax
    Anthrax is an extremely acute disease of all types of agricultural and wild animals, as well as a person characterized by sepsis, intoxication and the formation of different sizes of carbuncles on the body parts, in most cases results in death. In recent years, anthrax is recorded as single cases, the last case of this
  3. anthrax
    Anthrax is a well-known disease of animals that is transmitted to humans and proceeds as an acute infectious disease characterized by severe intoxication, damage to the skin and lymphatic system. Its name is derived from the Greek word for "coal", by analogy with the black color of the scab formed at the dermal form. Etiology. Pathogen of the disease
  4. Anthrax.
    Educational-target task: using an algorithm, to determine the clinical form of anthrax, to make a differential diagnosis (see the schemes in the topic "Plague and Tularemia"); to appoint adequate medical measures for emergency care and treatment at the hospital stage. Task for self-study. Using the textbook, "Guide to infectious diseases", lecture material and a list of recommended
  5. ANTHRAX
    Donald Kaye, Robert G. Petersdorf (Donald Kaye, Robert G. Petersdor f) Definition. Anthrax is a disease of wild and domestic animals. It is transmitted to a person by contact with infected animals or their products, by contact with insects, carriers of the pathogen, and in some developing countries with direct household contacts, for example, when using common home
  6. ANTHRAX
    Anthrax ? An acute infectious disease characterized by fever, lymphatic apparatus damage, intoxication, proceeds as a cutaneous, rarely intestinal, pulmonary and septic form. The causative agent is an aerobic bacterium (extremely hardy). Outside the human body and animals forms spores, which are highly resistant to physical and chemical influences. A source
  7. ANTHRAX
    Anthrax (Siberian, malignant carbuncle) is an acute infectious disease belonging to the group of zoonoses, characterized by severe intoxication, fever, proceeding in the form of cutaneous and visceral forms. Clinical Diagnosis Incubation period from several hours to 8 days (on average 2-3 days). Cutaneous form. With a carbuncleous variety at the site of the entrance
  8. ANTHRAX
    Infectious disease, which occurs with the phenomena of septicemia or with the formation of carbuncles of various sizes. Of slaughter animals, large and small cattle, horses, camels and pigs are susceptible to the disease. Poultry in natural conditions does not suffer from anthrax. Wild animals suffer: elks, roe deer, reindeer, bears, wild boars, zebras, bison, elephants, etc. It hurts and
  9. anthrax
    Definition: Anthrax is an acute infectious disease of zoonotic origin from a group of infections of external covers. It is introduced into the group of especially dangerous infections. Pathogen: Gram-positive fixed large bacillus Bacillus anthracis, aerobic, facultative anaerobic. In the susceptible organism, the vegetative form forms a capsule, in the environment with access to free oxygen
  10. anthrax
    Pathogen - anthrax bacillus Epidemiology. The source of infection are sick animals. Infection of man S. I. possibly by contact, aerogenic, alimentary and transmissible routes. Pathogenesis. Entrance gate - damaged skin, mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract. Exotoxin causes protein coagulation, tissue swelling, anthrax carbuncle develops - asp-nekr
  11. anthrax
    Siberian
  12. anthrax (clinic, diagnosis, treatment)
    Anthrax (synonyms: malignant carbuncle) is an acute infectious disease, which proceeds mainly as a cutaneous form, and pulmonary and intestinal forms are less common. Etiology: Bacillus anthracis - Gr + bacillus. Disputes are stable in the external environment for up to 10 years or more. Epidemiology: the source of infection - domestic animals (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs). Path of infection:
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