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FEATURES OF APPLICATION OF MEDICINES IN THE ELDERLY AND SENILE AGE

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FEATURES OF APPLICATION OF MEDICINES IN THE ELDERLY AND SENILE AGE

  1. Features of anesthesia in the elderly and senile
    According to the WHO definition, men and women who have reached the age of over 65 years are considered to be elderly, the period of old age is from 75 to 90 years, over 90 years are long-livers. Of particular importance to the anesthetist are age-related changes in basal metabolism, decreased compensatory and adaptive capabilities of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, and liver and kidney function. To 70 years
  2. Features of the course and management of the postoperative period in elderly and senile patients
    Most women undergoing surgical surgical treatment, especially when performing high-volume operations, are in old and senile age. This should be taken into account when managing them in the postoperative period. People of the discussed age have certain biological and physiological changes (gerontological) of all organs and systems, which determine the specifics
  3. Meaningful life orientations of elderly people
    Nikolai Zabolotsky has a line: How the world is changing! And how I myself am changing! Only by one name I am called, -In fact, what they call me, -Not I alone. There are a lot of us. I'm alive. Meaningful life orientations, like any mental formations, have their own dynamics. In the process of a person’s life, life-meaning orientations change in content, emotional coloring, and regulatory contribution to
  4. The use of anti-infective chemotherapy drugs in the elderly
    The high incidence of infectious pathology in the elderly, along with its unfavorable prognosis, justifies the widespread use of AMP in them. The latter are one of the most frequently prescribed (about 40%) drugs in specialized departments of extended stay of elderly patients. However, the appointment of AMP in older age groups is not always clinically justified. Decision making on
  5. Features of the diagnosis and treatment of heart failure in senile patients
    According to the results of recent studies - the European IMPROVEMENT-HF (data from 15 countries) and the Russian epidemiological EPOHA-O-CHF, the average age of patients with clinically manifested CHF is 70 and 69 years, respectively. Thus, approximately half of patients with heart failure are older than 70 years. The indicated clinical contingent is more problematic for clinicians, about which
  6. Features of the effects of drugs in the elderly
    Aging has an effect on pharmacokinetics (the relationship between the dose of the drug and its concentration in plasma) and pharmacodynamics (the relationship between the concentration of the drug in plasma and its clinical effect). With age, the total volume of water decreases and the fat content doubles, which affects the distribution of drugs. Distribution volume for water soluble decreases
  7. Features of nutrition of the elderly
    In connection with the transition of the economy of our country to market relations at the end of the 20th century, the most important demographic indicators of the population sharply worsened: fertility, life expectancy, mortality, indicators of the physical development of the younger generation, which was due to a significant decrease in the standard of living of the bulk of the population. Already there is a sharp aging of the population, as in
  8. PECULIARITIES OF TREATMENT OF INFECTIOUS INFECTIONS IN ELDERLY PEOPLE
    In elderly people, the frequency of infections with MEP is significantly increased, which is associated with complicating factors: benign prostatic hyperplasia in men and a decrease in estrogen levels in women during menopause. Therefore, treatment of infections of MVP should include not only the use of AMP, but also the correction of the described risk factors. With benign prostatic hyperplasia
  9. PECULIARITIES OF TREATMENT OF CNS INFECTIONS IN ELDERLY PEOPLE
    In the elderly, renal function is often reduced, which requires special care when using aminoglycosides. It should be remembered that in such patients, vancomycin elimination is slowed down (half-life is 7.5 days). There is also a high frequency of HP when used
  10. USE OF MEDICINES
    USE OF MEDICINES
  11. SAFETY CONTROL OF CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINES WHEN USING THEM
    The safety of medicines has always been, is and will continue to be in the public domain of society, since it affects the widest range of issues related to human life and the existence of society. In the early 80s of the twentieth century. WHO has formulated the basic requirements for a modern drug (Viktorov A.P. et al. (Ed.), 2007) - effectiveness,
  12. The use of drugs in the implementation of general patient care
    The concept of medicines and dosage forms. There are the following concepts used in medical science: medicinal substance (medicinal product), medicinal raw material, medicinal product and dosage form. Medicinal substances are called those that, within certain doses, give a therapeutic effect. Medicinal raw materials are natural substances
  13. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE OF MEDICINES INCLUDING IN THE FIRST AID FIRST AID KIT FOR VESSELS DO NOT HAVE MEDICAL PERSONNEL
    Analgesic and antipyretic drugs 1. Tramal Ampoules in 2 ml. It is used for severe pain: administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously 3-4 times a day. 2. Analgin Tablets of 0.5 g; ampoules of 2 ml of a 50% solution. It is used as an analgesic and antipyretic for pains in muscles, joints, headaches, and febrile conditions. Take orally 1-2 tablets. 2-3 times
  14. PRACTICAL SKILLS OF APPLICATION OF MEDICINES AND FIRST AID IN FIRST AID IN EMERGENCY AND TERMINAL CONDITIONS
    PRACTICAL SKILLS OF APPLICATION OF MEDICINES AND FIRST AID FOR FIRST AID IN EMERGENCY AND TERMINAL
  15. Dosage of drugs. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs
    The form of release of a drug substance largely determines its route of administration into the body. After the drug enters the body, two processes begin simultaneously: • The change in the concentration of the drug over time. These processes are quantitatively described by pharmacokinetics. • Interaction of a drug substance with molecular targets of action in organs and tissues
  16. FEATURES OF PHARMACOKINETICS OF MEDICINES USED IN CARDIOLOGY
    FEATURES OF PHARMACOKINETICS OF MEDICINES USED IN
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