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Heart damage in metabolic disorders

Metabolic disorders in the body always affect the course of metabolic processes in the myocardium, often causing a violation of its function and structure. In various diseases, one or several pathways of metabolism may be initially disturbed, which further necessarily affects the energy supply of the heart muscle. With some metabolic disturbances in the interstitial myocardial tissue and in the coronary vessels, pathological products of impaired metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, minerals are deposited or excessive components of normal metabolism accumulate. Such diseases include amyloidosis, glycogenosis, hemochromatosis, etc.
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Heart damage in metabolic disorders

  1. Metabolic disorders and physiological functions during hypoxia
    Disbolism and physiological functions caused by a lack of oxygen supply, progressing with the insufficiency or depletion of compensatory-adaptive reactions. Initially, metabolic disorders manifest themselves in a decrease in the synthesis of high-energy compounds and changes in carbohydrate metabolism. Glycolysis, glycogenolysis are activated, production of pyruvate and lactate increases;
  2. ON THE USE OF THE PREPARATION OF HEMOVIT-PLUS IN DISTURBANCES OF THE EXCHANGE OF SUBSTANCES AND ALLERGIES OF VARIOUS ETIOLOGY IN CATS AND DOGS
    I.N. Baklanova In our clinic, a new microelement drug hemovite-plus was tested on the basis of a complex of organic derivative of succinic acid with biologically active trace elements - Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Co, Se, I. The drug is included in the treatment regimen for diseases caused by the disorder metabolism and allergic conditions in dogs and cats. For three years in the clinic was observed over
  3. HEREDITARY DISEASE SUBSTANCES WITH DESTRUCTION OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    Hereditary diseases associated with metabolic disorders, develop as a result of changes in genetic information. If the formation of a specific trait is presented as a reading of the hereditary code recorded on the TsNK, and its implementation through a complex chain of biochemical transformations, then the hereditary metabolic diseases can be considered as a peculiar genetically
  4. Dysfunction of the nervous system caused by hereditary metabolic disorders
    Disorders of the nervous system in congenital metabolic disorders result from the influence of several factors: • direct damage to nerve cells due to the lack of any enzyme; • accumulation of certain undigested metabolic products outside the cellular fluid; • damage to other organs (eg, liver); • damage to cerebral vessels.
  5. Special treatment of metabolic disorders
    Metabolic disorders in diabetes, regardless of the various pathogenetic aspects, are based on insulin deficiency. Diet, muscular work and the use of insulin and perorial antidiabetic drugs for more than 20 years are the basis of treatment in each case. Treatment methods Oral diabetes therapy, medications, see table. 25. Insulin: Drugs Used
  6. SUBSTANCES DISORDERS
    DISORDERS OF EXCHANGE
  7. Violations of the main physiological functions and metabolism
    The nervous tissue is most sensitive to oxygen starvation. With the complete cessation of oxygen supply, signs of disturbance in the cerebral cortex are already detected after 2.5-3 minutes. In acute hypoxia, the first disorders (especially clearly manifested in its hypoxic form) are observed on the part of higher nervous activity (euphoria, emotional disorders, changes in handwriting and
  8. CONSTRUCTIVE SUBSTANCES DISORDERS
    A rare disease commonly seen in Siamese and American Shorthair cats. The disease is caused by the absence of one or more key enzymes necessary for the normal functioning of nerve cells, and is inherited in a recessive manner. That is, for the manifestation of the disease in one or more kittens, both parents must be heterozygous for this trait. Get sick
  9. Features of metabolic disorders in the outbreak of inflammation
    The development of alterations, vascular changes in the area of ​​inflammation naturally combined with typical disorders of metabolism. First of all, it should be noted a sharp increase in metabolism at the stage of arterial hyperemia due to increased oxygenation, increased activity of glycolysis enzymes and aerobic oxidation. In the experiment, it was shown that oxygen consumption at the same time increases by
  10. Disorder of sexual function associated with metabolic disorders (nutritional impotence)
    Etiology. Occurs in manufacturing bulls with protein overfeeding (the content in the diet is more than 50% of concentrated feed for the overall nutritional value), lack of carbohydrate in the diet (sugar-protein ratio less than 0.8: 1.0), vitamins (for 1 cu. less than 70 mg of carotene, 1500 IU of vitamin D and less than 40 mg of vitamin E), mineral substances (for 1 ke, calcium is less than 7 grams, phosphorus -
  11. HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF DISEASES OF DIGESTIONS AND DISORDERS OF SUBSTANCES EXCHANGE
    Symptoms of digestive disorders are most frequent and occur in cats with a decrease or lack of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation. Most often, the process of digestion is disturbed in kittens when switching from one type of feeding to another, in long-haired cats because of periodically formed trichobezoar (lumps swallowed when licking wool) and in old animals as a result of
  12. Pathology of accumulation. Violation of protein, lipid, carbohydrate and mineral metabolism. Violation of nucleic acid metabolism. Hyaline changes. Pathology of chromoproteins.
    1. It results in intracellular accumulations 1. hyperlipidemia 2. insufficient excretion of metabolites 3. accelerated excretion of exogenous substances 4. accelerated excretion of metabolic products 5. impossibility of excretion of exogenous substances 6. acceleration of the formation of natural metabolites 7. accumulation of metabolites due to genetic defects 2. Dystrophy called 1. lethal damage
  13. First aid for the defeat of poisonous substances
    Toxic agents (S) include chemical compounds that can affect unprotected people and animals, leading to their death or disabling them. The action of agents can be based on ingestion through the respiratory organs (inhalation exposure), penetration through the skin and mucous membranes (resorption) or through the gastrointestinal tract when infected
  14. VETERINARY AND SANITARY EXAMINATION AT RADIATION DAMAGE AND ACTION OF POISONING SUBSTANCES
    Radioactive substances can enter the body in three ways: with food and water in the gastrointestinal tract, through the lungs and skin. The most important and potentially dangerous is inhalation intake of radionuclides. This is facilitated by the enormous respiratory surface of the alveoli, whose area is ~ 100 m2 (50 times more than the surface of the skin). Air radioactivity may be due
  15. Sanitary assessment of meat and other products in case of their damage by radioactive and toxic substances
    The purpose of the lesson: To study the sanitary assessment of livestock products affected by radioactive and toxic substances. Objectives: 1. Familiarize yourself with the activities carried out with animals with the destruction of their nuclear weapons 2. Study the methods of deactivating livestock products 3. Familiarize with the activities carried out with animals with the defeat their toxic substances
  16. Heart disease in diabetes
    The term "diabetic cardiomyopathy" was first proposed in 1954 to refer to cardiac changes preceding IHD. Pathogenesis The pathogenesis of metabolic cardiomyopathy in diabetes is multifactorial, damage to the cardiovascular system is caused by complex metabolic disorders arising in connection with absolute or relative insulin deficiency and disorder
  17. Pathology of interstitial protein metabolism (disturbance of amino acid metabolism)
    The main ways of interstitial protein metabolism are reactions of transamination, deamination, amidation, decarboxylation, peremetilirovaniya, re-sulfurization. The central place in the interstitial protein metabolism is occupied by the transamination reaction as the main source of the formation of new amino acids. Violation of transamination may occur as a result of deficiency in the body of vitamin Wb.
  18. Do electrolyte disturbances occur with other methods of supravesical urine diversion?
    The risk of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis is lower if the segment of the intestine is used as a urethra and not a urine reservoir. The prevalence of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis after ureterosigostomy reaches 80%. New improved techniques for creating an artificial urine reservoir (for example, a Kok pouch or an Indiana pouch) allowed
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