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Possibilities of various echoCG techniques

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Possibilities of various echoCG techniques

  1. Didactic possibilities of using various teaching methods in a military university
    Didactic possibilities of using various methods in a military university
  2. On the application of techniques for calculating emissions (emissions) from various industries
    1. A number of methodologies included in the "List of methodological documents for the calculation of emissions (emissions) ..." [13] contain calculation formulas for determining the emissions (emissions) of the same industries. To ensure a unified approach to the calculation of emissions (emissions) of the same type of production it is necessary when: - welding; - machining of metals; - applying paintwork
  3. REHABILITATION METHOD FOR CHILDREN WITH VARIOUS DISEASES
    In this chapter, I would like to dwell on children who have had or suffer from various diseases. Indeed, for such children gymnastics, massage and other wellness procedures are even more necessary than for healthy children. In general, the above complexes are applicable to them, but with individual correction to their development for each specific case, the situation is similar with massage techniques. After all
  4. What are the advantages and disadvantages of various anesthesia techniques in the clinical case under discussion?
    Possible anesthetic alternatives for laparoscopic surgery include local infiltrative anesthesia with intravenous sedation, epidural or spinal anesthesia, and general anesthesia. Local anesthesia is limitedly used mainly for short-term gynecological interventions (laparoscopic ligation of the fallopian tubes, placing the egg in the fallopian tube)
  5. Manuals. Methods for calculating pollutant emissions into the air during various technological processes, 2010
    The manual contains: Calculation of the mass of pollutants in the emissions of industrial boilers. Calculation of pollutant emissions into the atmosphere from a welding station. Calculation of pollutant emissions during battery work. Calculation of emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere from machine tools for metal processing. Calculation of wood dust emissions during woodworking. Emission calculation
  6. One-dimensional echo
    One-dimensional echocardiography is the first-ever method of ultrasound of the heart. The main distinguishing feature of scanning in M-mode is a high temporal resolution and the ability to visualize the smallest features of the structures of the heart in motion. Currently, the M-mode study remains a significant complement to the main two-dimensional echocardiography. The essence of the method is that the scanning beam,
  7. Transesophageal echocardiography
    Transesophageal echocardiography - echocardiography and Doppler echocardiography of the heart using an endoscopic probe with an integrated ultrasound probe. The esophagus is directly adjacent to the left atrium, which is located anterior to it, and the descending aorta is posteriorly. As a result, the distance from the aperture of the transesophageal transducer to the structures of the heart is several centimeters or less, while the CT transducer
  8. Echocardiography for IHD
    In patients with chronic coronary artery disease, echocardiography is applicable in many cases, including diagnosis, risk stratification and decision on treatment strategy. Quantitative indicators of global and regional systolic function (including fragmented shortening, fragmented changes in area and wall movement indices) are applicable to describe LV function, determine prognosis and evaluate treatment outcomes.
  9. EchoCG AS A SCREENING METHOD
    The versatility of the echoCG method makes it possible to use it as a screening method. However, among the many conditions that can be detected by echocardiography, only a small fraction meets the criteria for screening individuals without clinical symptoms. The diseases corresponding to these criteria include hereditary diseases of the heart and large vessels, when, as a test subject,
  10. Physical fundamentals of echocardiography
    Ultrasound is the propagation of longitudinal-wave vibrations in an elastic medium with a frequency of> 20,000 vibrations per second. An ultrasound wave is a combination of successive contractions and rarefactions, and a complete wave cycle is compression and one rarefaction. The frequency of the ultrasonic wave - the number of complete cycles for a certain period of time. The unit of frequency of ultrasonic vibrations is hertz (Hz), which is
  11. Two-dimensional ECHOkg
    Two-dimensional echocardiography is the main method of ultrasound diagnosis in cardiology. The sensor is placed on the anterior chest wall in the intercostal spaces near the left edge of the sternum or under the costal arch or in the jugular fossa, as well as in the apical region
  12. Key ECHO access
    Four main ultrasound approaches for cardiac imaging were identified: 1) parasternal (periosternal); 2) apical (apical); 3) subcostal (hypochondrium); 4) suprasternal (suprasternal). Parasternal access along the long axis of the ultrasound slice from parasternal access along the long axis of the left ventricle is the main one, the echocardiography study is started from it, the axis of the one-dimensional axis is oriented along it
  13. Indications for transesophageal echocardiography
    1. Suboptimal standard TT echoCG. 2. Identification of myocardial coronary artery. 3. Evaluation of the effectiveness of reconstructive operations, valve prosthetics, a heart transplant, the viability of aortocoronary mammary-coronary bypass grafts immediately after exit from cardiopulmonary bypass. Assessment of coronary artery stenting. 4. Intraoperative monitoring of general and
  14. Doppler echo
    The essence of the method is based on the Doppler effect and as applied to echocardiography, the ultrasound beam reflected from a moving object changes its frequency depending on the speed of the object. The peculiarity of the frequency shift of the ultrasound signal depends on the direction of movement of the object: if the object moves from the sensor, then the frequency of the ultrasound reflected from the object will be lower than the frequency of the ultrasound, which was
  15. PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF MILITARY ACTIONS OF MILITARY SERVANTS IN DIFFERENT TYPES AND AT DIFFERENT STAGES OF FIGHT
    PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF MILITARY ACTIONS OF MILITARY SERVANTS IN DIFFERENT TYPES AND AT DIFFERENT STAGES
  16. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CARRYING OUT OF THE EchoCG IN SEPARATE DISEASES OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
    Echocardiography in assessing the pathology of heart valves. Echocardiography is especially indicated in the assessment of heart murmurs, stenosis, and regurgitation of all four heart valves, in evaluating the functioning of prosthetic valves and in patients with infectious endocarditis (EG1 R. et al., 2001; Clive Rosendorf, 2007) (see tab. 7.3-7.20). Table 7.3 Recommendations for conducting echocardiography in patients with heart murmur
  17. Complications of the procedure for transesophageal echocardiography
    Severe 1. Perforation of the esophagus. 2. Transient paralysis of the vocal cords. 3. Injury to the oral cavity. 4. Bleeding from varicose veins of the esophagus or due to fragmentation of the intraesophageal located tumor. 5. Ventricular fibrillation, other ventricular rhythms. 6. Laryngospasm. 7. Bronchospasm. 8. Tonic, clonic convulsions. 9. Myocardial ischemia. Lungs 1.
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