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Depression is a mental disorder, the main signs of which are: a decrease in mood (hypotomy), a negative, pessimistic assessment of yourself, your position in the surrounding reality, your future.
Along with this, depression is often accompanied by inhibition, a decrease in motivation for activity, dysfunction in the work of many organs and systems (cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine, etc.).
Depression increases the manifestation, aggravates the course of any bodily disease and complicates its treatment. Significant difficulties are associated with the problem of depression in psychiatry, narcology.
The concept of "depression" includes a wide range of psychopathological manifestations, differing in biological structure, in terms of severity and duration of disorders.
In the previous classification of depression, they were allocated in the framework of mental illness (manic-depressive psychosis, schizophrenia, psychogeny, etc.).
In accordance with clinical manifestations, the main types of depression were defined: simple (melancholic, anxious, apathic) and complex (depression with delirium).
Among the classical signs of depression can be identified such as a sense of anguish, feelings of guilt, suicidal manifestations, disorders of the daily rhythm (mood swings during the day with the worst possible state of health in the morning and a slight improvement in the afternoon and evening), anxiety, intellectual and motor braking, apathy , dysphoria (gloominess, bitterness, quarrelsomeness, demonstrative behavior and claims to others), anhedonia (loss of sense of pleasure, inability to experience joy, pleasure, accompany ayuscheesya feeling of mental discomfort).
According to the modern classification (ICD-10), variants of the course of depression are of primary importance: the only depressive episode, recurring depression, bipolar disorders (change of depressive and manic phases), cyclothymia, dysthymia. By severity, depression is divided into mild, moderate and severe.
In addition to the above, depression is accompanied by general somatic symptoms: weakness, arthralgia (joint pain), shortness of breath, heart palpitations, weight loss, abdominal pain, insomnia, myalgia (muscle pains), chest pain, decreased appetite, constipation, urination.
Depression is one of the constantly present conditions in mental patients. Depression is observed in patients with oncological pathology, with IHD, endocrinological diseases (diabetes mellitus, thyroid lesions), in surgical practice (pre- and postoperative depression).
There is also a group of seasonal depressions, late depression, reactive (psychogenic) depressions that occur under the adverse effects of psychosocial stress, mental trauma.
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Depression is a condition characterized by a triad of symptoms: a depressed, depressed, dreary or anxious mood, a decrease in mental activity and a decrease in motor activity. The term depression comes from the Latin word deprimo, meaning "oppress". This triad forms the core of the clinical picture. Depression can be accompanied by a wide variety of clinical
Physical blockage This description applies to those who are suffering from PSYCHOTIC DEPRESSION. Those who suffer from temporary emotional depression, caused by unfavorable circumstances of life or some unpleasant event, it is better to refer to articles AGORAPHOBIA, ALARM or DISTURBANCE. The main symptoms of depression are: loss of interest in daily activities, feeling
Depression is a mood disorder characterized by sadness and pessimism. Causes of depression are unknown, but the basis of its pharmacotherapy is the hypothesis that the manifestations of the disease are caused by a deficiency of dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin in the brain or dysfunction of the receptors of these mediators. With a large depression, the level of cortisol in the blood was increased by 50% and the circadian rhythm of its
The manifestations of depression are very diverse and vary depending on the form of the disease. The most typical signs of this disorder are listed below. The most typical manifestations of depression Emotional manifestations • Longing, suffering, depressed, depressed mood, despair. • Anxiety, a feeling of inner tension, anticipation of trouble. • Irritability. • Feelings of guilt, ideas of self-blame. •
Cause The most common cause of depression is mental stress. Depression is also possible due to fatigue, brain trauma (possibly in the past), prolonged and severe internal disease, surgical operation, prolonged pain, poor blood supply to the brain, congenital mental disruption of the integrity of the individual. Symptoms: Oppressed, bleak
- Depression Scale
The questionnaire was developed for the differential diagnosis of depressive states and conditions close to depression for screening diagnostics in case of mass studies and for the purpose of preliminary, pre-medical diagnostics. The test is adapted by T.I. Balashovoy. Full testing with processing takes 20-30 minutes. The subject marks the answers on the form. The level of depression (UD) is calculated by the formula: UD
- 8.1. ALARM AND DEPRESSION
Among all the psychopathological syndromes that occur in somatic practice, anxiety and depression are the most frequent. These disorders, as a rule, are considered in a single continuum. Anxiety and depression are often combined with somatic disorders (comorbid conditions), weight their course, prognosis. Timely treatment of them significantly optimizes the therapy of internal
Depressive syndrome is a combination of dreary mood with a decrease in mental and physical activity. Evaluation of the severity of depression is in the competence of a psychiatrist, since its external signs do not always reflect the severity of the condition and the risk of possible suicide. Suicidal attempts, refusal to eat, anxious motor excitement of the patient require urgent hospitalization in
- Treatment of depression
The leading method of treatment of depression at the present stage is psychopharmacotherapy. Along with medicines, methods of physio-, phyto- and psychotherapy with elements of psychocorrection and other socio-rehabilitation methods are widely used. Carried out in conjunction with drug therapy, psychotherapy (mainly aimed at correcting depressive distortion of thinking, reducing aggression,
- Depression in patients with myocardial infarction
In recent decades, it has been established that depressive and anxiety disorders increase the risk of developing MI (Todaro JF et al., 2003). In a multicenter, randomized GISSI-2 study, 40% of patients experienced a depressed mood in the preceding 3 months before the onset of MI. Other researchers report that depression develops as a result and a complication of MI (Honig A. et al.
- Depression of the st segment as a manifestation of autonomic dystonia
To other ECG changes, caused by a violation of the tone of the autonomic nervous system, one should include the depression of the ST segment, which is noted in hypersympathicotonia. Differential diagnosis takes into account the characteristic clinical picture; depression of the ST segment, found in young people, especially women, often with concomitant tachycardia, without typical stenocardic manifestations. This
- Depression and mania alternately (cyclothymia)
Cyclothymia or other mental illness and disorders in relatives. Symptoms Chronic instability of mood, frequent depression, followed by a rise in mood. Instability usually develops at a young age and takes on a chronic course. First Aid Needs psychological help, self-treatment
- Postpartum Depression
Most mothers go through a specific condition in the first or second week after childbirth. They feel sad, discouraged and worried about their ability to care for a newborn baby. Partly here can be blamed for hormones, as well as lack of sleep. Your body is completely exhausted by pregnancy and childbirth, causing a feeling as if your life is completely