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NUTRITIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS

Various syndromes can be expressed depending on the level of damage to the autonomic nervous system.

When the hypothalamus is affected, hypothalamic, or diencephalic, syndromes are observed. The most important of them are the syndrome of vegetative-vascular dystonia, neuroendocrine syndrome, sleep disturbance and wakefulness.

Vegetative-vascular syndrome is characterized by attacks of anxiety, fear, depressed mood in combination with redness or pallor of the face, increased or decreased blood pressure, dizziness, palpitations.

Neuroendocrine syndrome is characterized by metabolic disorders, gonadal dysfunction, diabetes insipidus.

Violations of sleep and wakefulness are manifested by attacks of irresistible drowsiness, a distortion of the sleep formula - drowsiness by day and wakefulness at night, insomnia.

Damage to the nodes of the border sympathetic trunk leads to disorders of sweating, loss of dermographism and the “goose skin” reflex, thinning and dryness of the skin.
The finalization of these changes depends on the level of damage.

Damage to the lateral horns of the spinal cord leads to disruption of vascular reflexes and sweating in the zone of segmental innervation.
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NUTRITIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS

  1. The autonomic nervous system and the main syndromes of damage
    The autonomic (autonomous) nervous system regulates all internal processes of the body: the functions of internal organs and systems, glands, blood and lymph vessels, smooth and partially transversely striated muscles, and sensory organs. It provides homeostasis of the body, i.e. relative dynamic constancy of the internal environment and the stability of its basic physiological functions
  2. MAIN SYMPTOMS OF DEFEAT OF THE PERIPHERAL VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
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  3. MAIN SYMPTOMS OF DEFEAT OF THE PERIPHERAL VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
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  4. Peripheral Nervous System Syndromes
    Suffering of the anterior roots affects peripheral muscle paralysis in the area of ​​damaged roots. The defeat of the posterior roots is characterized by shooting pains and violations of all types of sensitivity. Damage to the cauda equina gives peripheral paralysis of the legs, impaired sensation in the perianogenital zone, impaired activity of the pelvic organs such as incontinence and pain in the legs, sacrum
  5. NEGATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM OR VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    The autonomic department of the nervous system is the part of the single nervous system that regulates metabolism, the work of internal organs, heart, blood vessels and glands of external and internal secretion, smooth muscles. It should be borne in mind that the central nervous system and especially its higher division, the cortex, carry out the function of regulating the entire life of the organism.
  6. NEGATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    The autonomic nervous system innervates the internal organs, blood vessels, involuntary muscles, glands, and skin. Vegetative means “vegetable” in contrast to somatic - “animal”. However, this division of the unified nervous system is arbitrary, since the autonomic nervous system innervates not only the internal organs, but also the apparatus of voluntary movement, sensitivity and even the central nervous system itself
  7. Diseases of the autonomic nervous system
    The autonomic nervous system is represented in the cerebral cortex, hypothalamic region, brain stem, spinal cord; there are also peripheral parts of the autonomic system. The presence of a pathological process in any of these structures, as well as a functional violation of the connection between them, can lead to the appearance of vegetative
  8. Violation of the functions of the autonomic nervous system
    The autonomic nervous system innervates the smooth muscles of all organs of the body, exocrine and endocrine glands, and the heart. It regulates such vital functions as respiration, blood circulation, digestion, metabolism, maintains a constant body temperature, regulates the functions associated with procreation. The autonomic nervous system is not subject to direct arbitrary control, in
  9. VEGETATIVE (AUTONOMOUS) NERVOUS SYSTEM
    The autonomic (autonomous) nervous system (Fig. 139) is a part of the nervous system that provides the innervation of internal organs and systems, endocrine glands, blood and lymph vessels and other organs. It also coordinates the activities of all internal organs, regulates metabolic, trophic processes in all organs and parts of the human body, and maintains the constancy of the internal
  10. NEGATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    In the autonomic nervous system distinguish between segmental and suprasegmental departments (. 18). The segmental section includes the nuclei of a number of cranial nerves and the lateral horns of the spinal cord, as well as the sympathetic and parasympathetic nodes, autonomic fibers that make up the roots, spinal and cranial nerves, and autonomic nerves. Segmental apparatus of the sympathetic part of the nervous system
  11. PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF THE VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    Lewis Landsberg, James B. Young, Lewis Landsberg, James B. Young Functional organization of the autonomic nervous system The autonomic nervous system innervates blood vessels, smooth muscles of the internal organs, exocrine and endocrine glands and parenchymal cells in all organ systems. Operating on a subconscious level, it quickly and continuously responds to disturbances,
  12. Autonomic nervous system
    It should be noted that one of the most important effects of cardiac glycosides is associated with their effect on the autonomic nervous system [17, 18]. Cardiac glycosides significantly increase vagal tone, and therefore, increase the release of acetylcholine. This is especially noticeable in the atria, where parasympathetic innervation is better developed. Increased Acetylcholine Release Causes Hyperpolarization
  13. Autonomic nervous system
    The autonomic nervous system regulates the activity of internal organs, located at different levels of the spinal cord and brain, and is represented by the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems. The sympathetic centers are located segmentally in the lateral horns of the spinal cord at the level of the thoracic and lumbar regions. Parasympathetic innervation is provided by centers located in the trunk of the head
  14. Autonomic nervous system (autonomic)
    The autonomic nervous system innervates the smooth muscles of all organs, the heart and glands, and is responsible for the nervous regulation of the internal environment. The peripheral autonomic nervous system consists of two departments: sympathetic and parasympathetic. The centers of these departments are located at various levels of the central nervous system. Sympathetic fibers emanate from the thoracic and 2-3 upper lumbar spinal segments
  15. RESEARCH OF THE VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    In the study of the autonomic nervous system, attention is paid to the regulation of vascular tone, skin-vegetative reflexes, thermoregulation, autonomic innervation of the eye, salivation and lacrimation. Vascular regulation is examined using an analysis of cardiovascular reflexes. The eye-cardiac reflex is caused by pressure on the anterolateral surfaces of the eyeballs for 20 to 30 seconds.
  16. RESEARCH OF THE VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    In the study of the autonomic nervous system, attention is paid to the regulation of vascular tone, skin-vegetative reflexes, thermoregulation, autonomic innervation of the eye, salivation and lacrimation. Vascular regulation is investigated using an analysis of cardiovascular reflexes. The eye-cardiac reflex is caused by pressure on the anterolateral surfaces of the eyeballs for 20-30
  17. Autonomic nervous system
    The autonomic nervous system regulates the activity of internal organs, located at different levels of the spinal cord and brain, and is represented by the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems (Fig. 53). The sympathetic centers are located segmentally in the lateral horns of the spinal cord at the level of the thoracic and lumbar regions. Going beyond the spinal cord, the fibers of the sympathetic nerves form
  18. The structure of the autonomic and limbic nervous system and their functions
    The autonomic nervous system regulates all processes in the body (the function of all internal organs, maintaining homeostasis), and it also performs an adaptive-trophic function. Autonomic nerve fibers are present in all cranial and spinal nerves. In the autonomic nervous system, the central and peripheral departments are distinguished. The central department is formed by all
  19. RESTORATION OF THE FUNCTION OF A VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    The autonomic nervous system is phylogenetically the oldest, in phylogenesis and ontogenesis appears first. When conducting intensive rehabilitation in patients with impaired thermoregulation of the body and limbs below the lesion of the spinal cord, the limbs become warm. During the first 2 weeks, body thermoregulation is normalized. In all patients, at the first exposure to a rehabilitologist
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