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Diseases of the autonomic nervous system

The autonomic nervous system is represented in the cerebral cortex, hypothalamic region, brain stem, spinal cord; there are also peripheral parts of the autonomic system. The presence of a pathological process in any of these structures, as well as a functional violation of the connection between them, can cause the appearance of autonomic disorders.
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Diseases of the autonomic nervous system

  1. DISEASES OF THE VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    Diseases of the autonomic nervous system can be caused by damage to its various departments, ranging from peripheral autonomic nerve fibers to the cerebral cortex. For diseases of the autonomic nervous system, it is characteristic that most of them are caused not by loss of function, but by irritation and increased excitability of certain departments. Migraine. This disease
  2. NERVATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM OR VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    The autonomic department of the nervous system is the part of the single nervous system that regulates metabolism, the work of internal organs, heart, blood vessels and glands of external and internal secretion, smooth muscles. It should be borne in mind that the central nervous system and especially its higher department, the cortex, carry out the function of regulating the entire life of the body
  3. NEGATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    The autonomic nervous system innervates the internal organs, blood vessels, involuntary muscles, glands, and skin. Vegetative means “vegetable” as opposed to somatic - “animal”. However, this division of the unified nervous system is arbitrary, since the autonomic nervous system innervates not only the internal organs, but also the apparatus of voluntary movement, sensitivity and even the central nervous system itself
  4. Violation of the functions of the autonomic nervous system
    The autonomic nervous system innervates the smooth muscles of all organs of the body, exocrine and endocrine glands, and the heart. It regulates such vital functions as respiration, blood circulation, digestion, metabolism, maintains a constant body temperature, regulates the functions associated with procreation. The autonomic nervous system is not subject to direct arbitrary control, in
  5. VEGETATIVE (AUTONOMOUS) NERVOUS SYSTEM
    The autonomic (autonomous) nervous system (Fig. 139) is a part of the nervous system that provides the innervation of internal organs and systems, endocrine glands, blood and lymph vessels and other organs. It also coordinates the activity of all internal organs, regulates metabolic, trophic processes in all organs and parts of the human body, and maintains the constancy of the internal
  6. NEGATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    In the autonomic nervous system distinguish between segmental and suprasegmental departments (. 18). The segmental segment includes the nuclei of a number of cranial nerves and the lateral horns of the spinal cord, as well as the sympathetic and parasympathetic nodes, autonomic fibers that make up the roots, spinal and cranial nerves, and autonomic nerves. Segmental apparatus of the sympathetic part of the nervous system
  7. PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF THE VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    Lewis Landsberg, James B. Young, Lewis Landsberg, James B. Young Functional organization of the autonomic nervous system The autonomic nervous system innervates blood vessels, smooth muscles of the internal organs, exocrine and endocrine glands and parenchymal cells in all organ systems. Operating on a subconscious level, it quickly and continuously responds to disturbances,
  8. Autonomic nervous system
    It should be noted that one of the most important effects of cardiac glycosides is associated with their effect on the autonomic nervous system [17, 18]. Cardiac glycosides significantly increase vagal tone, and therefore, increase the release of acetylcholine. This is especially noticeable in the atria, where parasympathetic innervation is better developed. Enhanced Acetylcholine Release Causes Hyperpolarization
  9. Autonomic nervous system
    The autonomic nervous system regulates the activity of internal organs, located at different levels of the spinal cord and brain, and is represented by the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems. The sympathetic centers are located segmentally in the lateral horns of the spinal cord at the level of the thoracic and lumbar regions. Parasympathetic innervation is provided by centers located in the trunk of the head
  10. Autonomic dysfunction
    General information Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, or dysautonomy, occurs as a segmental or generalized disease of the central and peripheral nervous system. Neurological symptoms - generalized, segmental or focal. The disease can be congenital, hereditary and acquired. The most common symptoms include impotence, dysfunction
  11. The autonomic nervous system and the main syndromes of the lesion
    The autonomic (autonomous) nervous system regulates all internal processes of the body: the functions of internal organs and systems, glands, blood and lymph vessels, smooth and partially transversely striated muscles, sensory organs. It provides homeostasis of the body, i.e. relative dynamic constancy of the internal environment and the stability of its basic physiological functions
  12. Autonomic nervous system (autonomic)
    The autonomic nervous system innervates the smooth muscles of all organs, the heart and glands, and is responsible for the nervous regulation of the internal environment. The peripheral autonomic nervous system consists of two departments: sympathetic and parasympathetic. The centers of these departments are located at various levels of the central nervous system. Sympathetic fibers originate from the thoracic and 2-3 upper lumbar segments of the spinal cord
  13. RESEARCH OF THE VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    In the study of the autonomic nervous system, attention is paid to the regulation of vascular tone, skin-vegetative reflexes, thermoregulation, autonomic innervation of the eye, salivation and lacrimation. Vascular regulation is investigated using an analysis of cardiovascular reflexes. The eye-cardiac reflex is caused by pressure on the anterolateral surfaces of the eyeballs for 20 to 30 seconds.
  14. RESEARCH OF THE VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    In the study of the autonomic nervous system, attention is paid to the regulation of vascular tone, skin-vegetative reflexes, thermoregulation, autonomic innervation of the eye, salivation and lacrimation. Vascular regulation is investigated using an analysis of cardiovascular reflexes. The eye-cardiac reflex is caused by pressure on the anterolateral surfaces of the eyeballs for 20-30
  15. Autonomic nervous system
    The autonomic nervous system regulates the activity of internal organs, located at different levels of the spinal cord and brain, and is represented by the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems (Fig. 53). The sympathetic centers are located segmentally in the lateral horns of the spinal cord at the level of the thoracic and lumbar regions. Going beyond the spinal cord, the fibers of the sympathetic nerves form
  16. The structure of the autonomic and limbic nervous system and their functions
    The autonomic nervous system regulates all processes in the body (the function of all internal organs, maintaining homeostasis), and it also performs an adaptive-trophic function. Autonomic nerve fibers are present in all cranial and spinal nerves. In the autonomic nervous system, the central and peripheral departments are distinguished. The central department is formed by all
  17. Central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems
    (CNS) - the main part of the nervous system of animals and humans, consisting of an accumulation of nerve cells (neurons) and their processes; it is represented in invertebrates by a system of closely connected nerve nodes (ganglia), in vertebrates and humans, by the spinal cord and brain. The main and specific function of the central nervous system is the implementation of simple and complex highly differentiated reflective
  18. RESTORATION OF THE FUNCTION OF THE VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM
    The autonomic nervous system is phylogenetically the most ancient, in phylogenesis and ontogenesis appears first. When conducting intensive rehabilitation in patients with impaired thermoregulation of the body and limbs below the lesion of the spinal cord, the limbs become warm. During the first 2 weeks, body thermoregulation is normalized. In all patients, at the first exposure to a rehabilitologist
  19. VEGETATIVE (AUTONOMOUS) NERVO HORSE SYSTEM
    The autonomic nervous system regulates the “vegetative” component of the body. Consequently, it exercises control over the smooth muscles of blood vessels throughout the body (including the heart muscle); respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems, and in the skin is connected to the muscles of the hair. She also innervates the glands: sweat and sebaceous in the skin, lacrimal and salivary on the head, bronchial in the chest
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