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A percutaneous liver biopsy is very important for a preliminary diagnosis of liver pathology, as well as for the analysis of chronic changes in liver biochemism (more than 6 months). This technique is also used in unclear cases of detection in patients with hepatomegaly, with suspected systemic disease, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, with fever of unknown origin, with suspected primary or metastatic liver carcinoma. Serious contraindications for percutaneous liver biopsy are blood coagulation disorders, ascites, suspected hemangioma, liver echinococcosis.
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- Diseases of the liver and biliary system. Hepatitis. Cirrhosis of the liver. Liver cancer. Cholelithiasis.
1. A 40-year-old woman complains of weakness, jaundice. A history of 2 months. before the disease - blood transfusion. An examination revealed an increase in the liver, an increase in the level of hepatic transaminases. Conclusion 1. liver steatosis 3. obstructive jaundice 2. Botkin’s disease 4. acute viral hepatitis 2. Viral hepatitis C is characterized by 1. high frequency of chronicity 2. parenteral transmission 3.
- Laparoscopic Ovarian Biopsy
The need for an ovarian biopsy is rare. Modern cytogenetic and endocrinological studies usually allow us to judge the presence of eggs in the ovaries. But in some cases, a biopsy is still needed. The meaning of the operation is to obtain from the ovary by laparoscopy a sufficient amount of biopsy material. The physiological consequences. In some cases, after removal
- VULVA FABRIC BIOPSY
Pathologically altered sections of the vulva of large sizes are, as a rule, benign. However, no matter what the appearance of large altered areas in the external or internal genitalia of a woman, they should cause caution and, in most cases, undergo a biopsy for histological analysis. METHODOLOGY: 1 The patient is placed on her back in position for
- Weakness of the liver, blockages in it and everything associated with pain in the liver
Weakness of the liver Says Galen: "The liver is a person whose liver acts weak in the absence of an external cause - a tumor or abscess." In fact, liver weakness accompanies liver disease and [comes] either from a disorder of simple nature without matter, or from a [disorder] with matter. The source of the [disorder] is either the liver itself or others
- Cervical Biopsy
A biopsy is indicated in all cases of detecting lesions on the cervix that are visible to the naked eye. Too often, upon detecting these changes, they are described as “erosions or ectropions” of the cervix without morphological confirmation of the diagnosis. Papanicolaou smear cytology alone is not enough to diagnose visible pathological changes in the cervix. goal
- Chorionic villus sampling (aspiration)
The operation, the purpose of which is to obtain villous chorionic cells for karyotyping the fetus and to determine chromosomal and gene abnormalities (including the determination of hereditarily caused metabolic disorders), determining the sex of the fetus. Sampling is carried out transcervically or transabdominally from 8 to 12 weeks of gestation under ultrasound control (Fig. 4.38). Into the uterine cavity
- Case Study: Muscle Biopsy Anesthesia
In a teenager of 16 years with progressive muscle weakness, a primary neuromuscular disease is suspected. He is shown a biopsy of the quadriceps femoris. What should an anesthetist find out during a preoperative examination? Primary neuromuscular diseases include a long list of hereditary, inflammatory, endocrine, metabolic and toxic nosological forms.
- Hepatic cirrhosis (“shrinking” of the liver)
Causes Inflammation or poisoning of the liver, as a result of which healthy cells degenerate into scar tissue. With the development of pathology, the liver decreases in volume, the number of healthy cells decreases, the portal vein, which transports blood from the digestive tract, narrows. As a result, blood pressure rises in the liver, fluid accumulates in the abdomen and possibly varicose veins in the esophagus.
- Uterine cervical biopsy under control of colposcopy
Colposcopy is an additional examination method for identifying intraepithelial neoplasia of the cervix and in some cases provides great assistance to the surgeon in choosing the appropriate treatment method. It is indicated for patients with visible changes in the cervical epithelium or pathological changes in the study of smears according to Papanicolaou. To get full
- AXILLARY SURGICAL Lymphatic Nodule Biopsy in Early Breast Cancer
Yanushkevich S.V., Storozhenko G.K., Grunberg A.A., Yanushkevich V.Yu. Latvian Oncology Center, Riga Eastern Clinical University Hospital Introduction: Detection of early breast cancer (breast cancer), with a minimal likelihood of metastasis to regional lymph nodes (LN), casts doubt on the standard amount of ADL. In this regard, a sentinel biopsy
- Benign liver tumors
Epidemiology. They occur at any age, mainly in women. In the structure of liver tumors, benign tumors make up 34%. Etiology: • intake of oral hormonal contraceptives containing estrogen; • pregnancy, childbirth; • ovarian tumors; • hormonal changes in children. Pathological anatomy: Hamartomas - nodular subcapsular
The liver of the newborn is the largest organ, occupying 1/3 of the volume of the abdominal cavity. At 11 months, its mass doubles, by 2-3 years it triplets, by 8 years it increases 5 times, by 16-17 years, the mass of the liver - 10 times. The liver performs the following functions: 1) produces bile, which is involved in intestinal digestion; 2) stimulates intestinal motility due to the action of bile; 3) deposits
- LIVER PHYSIOLOGY AND ANESTHESIA
The liver is the largest organ of the body: its weight in an adult is 1500-1600 g. The liver performs many complex and interrelated functions. Due to the large functional reserve, clinically significant liver dysfunction rarely occurs after anesthesia and surgery - mainly with concomitant liver diseases, as well as with idiosyncrasy to halogen-containing inhalation