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Bronchopneumonia (focal pneumonia)

• It constitutes the bulk of acute pneumonia.

• Polyethiological. The most common pathogens are bacteria: pneumococci, staphylococci, streptococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, etc.

• May occur as a nosocomial infection in debilitated patients, caused, as a rule, by gram-negative microorganisms (Klebsiella, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus.

• Most often occurs as an autoinfection. Depending on the characteristics of the pathogenesis, autoinfectious bronchopneumonia can be aspirated, hypostatic, postoperative, and also developing against the background of immunodeficiency.

• More often a complication of other diseases. Bronchopneumonia of newborns and the elderly, as well as some etiological variants of bronchopneumonia (for example, legionellosis) can be considered as independent nosological forms.

Morphological manifestations.

• The bronchi are initially affected. Inflammation of the alveoli spreads from the wall of the bronchus in a descending way with endobronchitis or peribronchial with panbronchitis or destructive bronchiolitis.

• The exudate can be serous, purulent, hemorrhagic, mixed.

• Acinous, lobular, lobular, lobular, segmental, miliary pneumonia are distinguished by the prevalence of the process.

Complications of bronchopneumonia.

• Carnification.

• The formation of abscesses.

• Pleurisy with the possible development of pleural empyema.

Features of some common bacterial bronchopneumonia

Pneumococcal pneumonia.

• More common in elderly and debilitated patients, especially with cardiopulmonary pathology (hypostatic pneumonia). Often complicated by empyema of the pleura aureus).

Staphylococcal pneumonia (Staphylococcus

Usually occurs as a complication of respiratory viral infections (flu, etc.).

Often develops in drug addicts with intravenous infection, as well as in weakened elderly patients with chronic pulmonary diseases. Characterized by abscess formation, the development of pleural empyema, often serves as a source of septicopyemia. Streptococcal pneumonia. It is usually a complication of viral infections, influenza and measles.

The defeat of the lower lobes is characteristic. In some cases, acute abscesses and bronchiectasis occur.

Pneumonia caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. One of the most common nosocomial infections.

Abscessing and pleurisy are characteristic. With hematogenous introduction of the infection into the lungs (usually from extensive suppuration wounds), coagulation necrosis and a hemorrhagic component are characteristic. The prognosis is poor.
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Bronchopneumonia (focal pneumonia)

    Pulmonary tissue compaction syndrome. 2. A picture of chronic bronchitis. Features: a) The onset is acute, but not as stormy as with croupous. b) There are no phenomena of general intoxication and respiratory failure 3. Blood test without a large white blood cell, a small shift. 4. Localization of lung tissue. 5. The picture of concomitant bronchitis - this distinguishes focal pneumonia from
  2. Bacterial and viral airborne infections: influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus infection, respiratory syncytial infection. Bacterial bronchopneumonia, lobar pneumonia.
    1. To supplement: Pulmonary atelectasis is _______________________. 2. The clinical and morphological form of bacterial pneumonia is determined by 1. type of inflammation 3. etiological agent 2. territory of the lesion 4. response of the body 3. In case of croupous pneumonia, the consistency of the affected lobe 1. dense 2. flabby 3. not changed 4. The ability of the virus to selectively infect cells and tissues
  3. Bronchopneumonia.
    Bronchopneumonia, or focal pneumonia, is characterized by the development in the pulmonary parenchyma of foci of acute inflammation ranging in size from the acinus to the segment associated with the affected bronchiole. The development of the disease is preceded by inflammatory processes in the bronchi, which can be detected simultaneously with foci of bronchopneumonia. It is diagnosed in 2/3 of patients hospitalized for acute pneumonia. By
  4. Pneumonitis caused by food and vomit. Aspiration pneumonia
    ICD-10 code J69.0 Diagnosis Diagnosis Mandatory Level of consciousness, respiratory rate and effectiveness, heart rate, blood pressure, CVP, body temperature, skin condition R-graph of chest organs ECG Laboratory tests: hemoglobin, red blood cells, white blood cells, formula blood count, total protein, bilirubin, urea, creatinine, electrolytes, enzymes, blood coagulation
  5. Determination of the etiology of calf bronchopneumonia.
    Bronchopneumonia of calves is a polyetiological disease. According to V.M. Danilevsky (1985), Alikayev (1973, 1985), and other authors, bronchopneumonia is a disease of uninfected origin, the microbial factor in the development of nonspecific bronchopneumonia of calves is not leading and has no pathogenetic significance. Microorganisms isolated from the lungs of sick and dead animals
  6. Treatment of calves with bronchopneumonia.
    Treatment of sick animals must be carried out comprehensively with the selection of patients in separate groups depending on the course of the disease and its severity. The main condition for the successful treatment of bronchopneumonia is the elimination of etiological factors, the creation of optimal conditions of detention and ensuring complete feeding. Comprehensive treatment combined with well-organized conditions
  7. Normalization of cicatricial digestion in calves with bronchopneumonia
    Nizaeva A.I. Scientific adviser: Ph.D., assistant Kuzmina L.N. Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine, Troitsk The development of animal husbandry and veterinary medicine is directly related to the development of systems for increasing animal productivity and protecting their health. For these purposes, various means and methods are used, including various biological additives, stimulants.
  8. Course work. Cost-effectiveness of therapeutic measures for calf bronchopneumonia, 2010
    Characteristics of the farm General information about the farm Natural and Climatic conditions Climate Relief Vegetation Main lines of activity Feeding and feeding system Analysis of the economic and financial activities of the enterprise Own research Characteristics of the activities of the veterinary service Veterinary documentation in the farm Literature review Concept of the disease
  9. Pneumonia Acute pneumonia.
    In pregnant women, pneumonia often proceeds more severely due to a decrease in the respiratory surface of the lungs, a high standing of the diaphragm, limiting lung excursion, and an additional load on the cardiovascular system. The clinical picture of acute pneumonia is not different from that of non-pregnant. With the development of pneumonia shortly before childbirth, development should be delayed if possible
  10. Pathomorphology and treatment of catarrhal bronchopneumonia in calves in the conditions of Prigorodnoye CJSC, Irbitsky District, Sverdlovsk Region, Sputnik
    Romanov A.V. Scientific advisers: Molokanova I.V., Ph.D. biol. N., Associate Professor Vet.Surgery and Pathomorphology, Desyatnik V.I., Assistant of the Department. Veterinary surgery and pathomorphology Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine”, Troitsk. Catarrhal bronchial pneumonia of the calves causes great economic damage, resulting from the death of calves, weight loss and average daily gains,
  11. Ectopic (focal) atrial tachycardia
    The foci of atrial tachycardia are localized in the atria and are characterized by the rhythmic distribution of impulses in the centrifugal direction. Focal atrial tachycardia, as a rule, occurs with a frequency of 100-250 beats / min, in rare cases - up to 300 beats / min. Neither the sinus nor the AU-node are involved in the initiation and maintenance of tachycardia. Unstable atrial tachycardia often
  12. Focal jade
    Focal glomerulonephritis. A special clinical picture is the periodically recurring appearance of red blood cells in the urine (Berger's disease). This is a monosymptomatic disease (when only one characteristic sign is noted), which is not accompanied by the formation of protein in the urine or an increase in blood pressure. Unlike acute streptococcal nephritis, in which repeated
  13. Focal atrioventricular tachycardia
    The ectopic focus of excitement with focal tachycardia from the AV connection most often occurs in the bundle of His. This form of tachycardia is rare, more common in children than in adults. A relapsing course of tachyarrhythmia is characteristic, chronic forms are rare. Diagnosis Causes = Medicines: glycosidic intoxication, sympathomimetics. = Myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction (lower). =
  14. Focal (focal) peripheral blockade
    Under this name, focal conduction disturbances in the Purkipie network and asynchronous excitation of contractile muscle cells in a limited area of ​​the ventricular wall are combined. Similar in meaning are the designations proposed in different years: “arborization block”, “block of finite branches”, “mural (intramural) block”, “parietal block” and, finally, “non-specific
  15. The effectiveness of the treatment of catarrhal bronchopneumonia in piglets in the conditions of Prigorodnoye CJSC, Irbitsky District, Sverdlovsk Region
    Romanov A.V. Scientific adviser: Ph.D., Acting Associate Professor Kirsanova T.S. Federal State-Funded Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “Ural State Academy of Veterinary Medicine”, Troitsk The cultivation of healthy young animals, their safety from diseases and death is one of the main tasks of animal husbandry. This is due to the fact that the incidence and death of young farm animals, as the least adapted to the conditions
  16. Chronic focal atrial tachycardia
    Chronic focal atrial tachycardia is usually found in children and rarely in adults. Among NLT in adults, this rhythm disturbance is recorded in 2.5–10% of cases, and among children in 13–20% of cases. There is a continuously-recurring or constant course of arrhythmia. Diagnosis Causes = Atrial septal defect correction. = Myocarditis. = Dilated cardiomyopathy.
    The purpose of this manipulation is to destroy the foci of implanted endometrioid tissue found during laparoscopy. The physiological consequences. The destruction of existing foci of endometriosis does not affect the ability of the peritoneal mesothelium to form new foci. By removing existing foci, the surgeon acts purely symptomatically, hoping to eliminate some manifestations of the disease (in
  18. Focal (focal) AV-nodal tachycardia
    The pathological accelerated rhythm from the AV node was designated by different terms, each of which has its own drawbacks. For example, some call this rhythm disturbance "nodal ectopic tachycardia." The inaccuracy of this term is that all foci of automatism outside the sinus node are actually ectopic. The term “automatic nodal tachycardia” suggests that the underlying mechanism
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