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ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE LUNGS (PNEUMONIA)

Acute pneumonia is a group of acute etiological, pathogenesis and morphological characteristics of acute infectious inflammatory diseases of the lungs with a primary lesion of the respiratory departments and the presence of intra-alveolar exudate.

Most commonly caused by bacteria, mycoplasmas and viruses.

According to clinical and morphological features, croupous (lobar) pneumonia, bronchopneumonia (focal) and interstitial pneumonia are distinguished.
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ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE LUNGS (PNEUMONIA)

  1. Acute inflammatory lung diseases (pneumonia)
    Among acute pneumonia, there are croupous (lobar), having the nature of an independent disease, and focal bronchopneumonia as a manifestation or complication of another disease. Croupous pneumonia is an acute infectious and allergic disease in which fibrinous inflammation seizes the lobe of the lung (lobar or lobar pneumonia) and its pleura (pleuropneumonia). Morphologically during
  2. Chronic diffuse inflammatory diseases of the lungs. Bronchial asthma. Lungs' cancer. Pneumoconiosis
    1. The main types of diffuse lung lesions 1. interstitial 4. small focal 2. obstructive 5. panacinar 3. restrictive 2. Causes of death with obstructive emphysema 1. gas acidosis and coma 2. renal failure 3. left ventricular heart failure 4. right ventricular heart failure 5. collapse of the lungs with spontaneous pneumothorax 3. The most important
  3. LUNG DISEASES. CHRONIC DIFFUSIVE ASTHMA. INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASES. CANCER INFLAMMATORY LUNG DISEASES. Bronchial lung
    LUNG DISEASES. CHRONIC DIFFUSIVE ASTHMA. INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISEASES. CANCER INFLAMMATORY LUNG DISEASES. BRONCHIAL
  4. ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF FEMALE GENITALS
    Inflammatory diseases of the female genitalia are caused by pyogenic flora (staphylococci, streptococci, gonococci), Escherichia coli, anaerobic microorganisms, viruses, clostridia, chlamydia, etc. The anatomical structure of the female genital organs, specific functions of the female body, diagnostic and therapeutic intrauterine procedures, various
  5. ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE THROAT
    ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DISEASES
  6. Acute lung disease
    These include pulmonary edema (including adult respiratory distress syndrome), pneumonia, and aspiration pneumonitis. General information A decrease in lung extensibility occurs due to an increase in the content of extravascular fluid in them, which in turn is caused either by an increase in pressure in the pulmonary artery or by an increase in the permeability of the pulmonary capillaries (Ch. 50). Increase
  7. Chronic diffuse inflammatory lung disease
    in accordance with the functional and morphological features, the lesions of their air-conducting or respiratory departments are divided into three groups: obstructive, restrictive, mixed - obstructive with restrictive disorders or restrictive with obstructive disorders. The combination of restriction with obstruction is observed in the late stages of almost all chronic diffuse
  8. Acute pneumonia.
    Acute pneumonia is a group concept used to refer to acute polyetiological infectious inflammatory lung diseases. Acute pneumonia refers to polyetiological diseases that have particular pathogenesis and a common clinical and morphological manifestations. The main morphological manifestation of acute pneumonia is the development of acute inflammation in the broncho-pulmonary system with
  9. ACUTE PNEUMONIA
    Acute pneumonia means acute exudative inflammatory processes of various etiologies and pathogenesis, localized in the parenchyma and intermediate lung tissue, often involving the vascular system. Pneumonia as a nosological form is spoken when the causative agent of the disease is a nonspecific pathogenic or conditionally pathogenic flora, and the main
  10. Acute pneumonia
    Acute pneumonia is one of the most common childhood diseases. It is believed that the incidence of acute pneumonia is 10-30 per 1000 children. The high incidence of acute pneumonia in childhood is caused, firstly, by the anatomical and physiological characteristics of the respiratory system in children, and secondly, by the characteristics of their immune system. Factors predisposing to
  11. Acute Complicated Pneumonia
    Pneumonia (pneumon - Greek “lung”) is an acute, in most cases, infectious disease of the lungs, characterized by polyetiology, variability of the course from lungs to extremely severe, complicated forms. Pneumonia is divided into primary and secondary. Primary pneumonia means a disease that occurs in a child with previously healthy lungs and in the absence of diseases of others
  12. Acute pneumonia
    1. What is the synonym for croupous pneumonia: a) bronchopneumonia b) focal c) focal confluent d) segmental e) lobar Correct answer: e 2. What is the stage of croupous pneumonia: a) carnification b) abscessing c) red wards c) mucoid swelling e a) fibrinoid swelling The correct answer: in 3. The composition of the exudate in the 3 stages of croupous pneumonia: a) fibrin, red blood cells b) fibrin,
  13. SECONDARY ACUTE PNEUMONIA
    HYPOSTATIC PNEUMONIA - focal pneumonia that occurs with prolonged stagnation of blood in the pulmonary circulation, developing against a background of heart disease or other chronic pathological processes that cause patients to stay in bed for a long time. The clinic of such pneumonia is characterized by a sluggish course. The onset of the disease is hardly noticeable, without any particular complaints. Prevails
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