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ROLE OF CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY PROCESSES OF THE ORAL CAVITY IN THE FORMATION OF PATHOLOGICAL IMMUNE REACTIVITY

Currently, great importance in the autoallergenization of the body is given not only to tonsilogenic foci, but also to chronic odontogenic foci of inflammation, where the accumulation of toxins occurs. Endotoxins formed by the microflora of the oral cavity, which have antigenic activity, sensitize the body, alter the body's reactivity, distorting its reaction to many factors of influence. Chronic
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ROLE OF CHRONIC INFLAMMATORY PROCESSES OF THE ORAL CAVITY IN THE FORMATION OF PATHOLOGICAL IMMUNE REACTIVITY

  1. The role of hormonal disorders in the formation of the pathology of the dentofacial apparatus, their manifestations in the oral cavity
    Various endocrine disorders (dysfunctions of the endocrine glands) are essential in the formation of the pathology of the dentition. With thyroid dysfunction (thyrotixycosis, hypothyroidism), when the formation and excretion of calcitonin, which has a hypocalcemic and calcium-peptic effect (contributing to the fixation of calcium in the bones), is impaired
  2. Features of the development of the inflammatory reaction depending on the localization of inflammation, the reactivity of the organism, the nature of the etiological factor. The role of age in the development of inflammation
    Regardless of the localization of the inflammatory process and the origin of the etiological factor in the zone of acute inflammation, a standard complex of vascular and tissue changes always occurs. The reaction from the tissues to the action of the damaging factor is phase in nature and is manifested by alteration, exudation and proliferation. Along with tissue disorders, a complex of vascular
  3. General characteristics of lymphocytes, their role in pathological processes
    Lymphocytes are the main cells of the immune system. They coordinate and carry out the immune response through the production of inflammatory cytokines and antigen-specific binding receptors, are responsible for the formation of specific immunity, carry out the function of immune surveillance in the body, provide protection from everything foreign, while maintaining the genetic constancy of the internal environment. Lymphocytes -
  4. General characteristics of eosinophils, their role in pathological processes
    The number of eosinophils in accordance with the leukocyte formula is 2-5%. They function mainly in tissues; their ratio in blood and the number in tissues is 1: 100. The process of production of eosinophils and their release into the blood is stimulated by the cytokines IL-5 and IL-3. Human eosinophil granules contain: - myeloperoxidase (has a toxic effect on parasites); - cationic
  5. General characteristics of basophils, their role in pathological processes
    Basophils account for 0-1% in the leukocyte formula. They, like eosinophils, perform a detoxification function. The primary granules of basophils are large, surrounded by a membrane identical to the plasma membrane. The granule membrane, like the plasma membrane of basophils, has a high activity of phospholipases and lipoxygenases, therefore basophils are an important source of leukotrienes (leukotriene
  6. General characteristics of neutrophils, their role in pathological processes
    Neutrophils are the largest group of white blood cells (50 - 75%). Their lifespan is about 15 days. Three periods are distinguished in their life: 1. Life in the bone marrow (mitotic and postmitotic phases); this is a special reserve, numerically superior to the number of circulating neutrophils by 90 times. At the “request” of the body, they are released into the blood. 2. Life in the blood (migration phase); in her
  7. General characteristics of monocytes, their role in pathological processes
    Monocytes have a common precursor with granulocytes (CFU - GM), as well as a precursor of only a monocytic germ (CFU - M). Monocytes after leaving the bone marrow circulate in the bloodstream for 20 to 40 hours, then go into the tissues, where their final specialization takes place. Coming out of the bloodstream, they do not return to the circulation. Monocytes received from the bloodstream into the tissue
  8. CELLULAR AND HUMORAL BASES OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE. PATHOLOGY OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM. PATHOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM. Hypersensitivity Reactions
    The immune system has developed in humans as a defense mechanism against microbial infections. It provides two forms of immunity: specific and non-specific. A specific immune response protects the body from a specific pathogen. It takes effect when a non-specific immune response is exhausted.
  9. The concept of pathological reaction, pathological process, pathological condition and their criteria
    A pathological reaction is a short-term unusual reaction of the body to any effect. Pathological process is a combination of pathological and protective-adaptive reactions in damaged tissues, organs or the body. Often, various pathological processes and individual pathological reactions of cells, tissues in humans and animals occur in the form of constant combinations or
  10. DISEASES OF THE ORAL CAVITY
    Tartar. It consists of calcium carbonate and phosphate, potassium salts, food mass, microflora of the mouth and desquamated obsolete cells of the mucous membrane. It is deposited more often in older dogs on the lateral surfaces of canines and incisors. Over time, tartar of a grayish-greenish tint can cover the entire crown of fangs and even incisors. Tartar causes inflammation and ulceration of the gums (ulcerative
  11. HOSE AND NOSE
    The previous two figures (Figs. 33 and 34) dealt with the nasal and oral cavities, as well as the blood supply to the head as a whole. Although I am sure you can visualize the position of the internal cavities from the surface of the head, you will undoubtedly experience more difficulties in visualizing the location and course of blood vessels. I could try to provide you with illustrations drawn from drugs,
  12. HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF DENTISTS OF THE TEETH AND ORGANS OF THE ORAL CAVITY
    Among the diseases of the oral cavity in cats, stomatitis is the most common. With stomatitis, the gums (gingivitis) are usually inflamed, but the tongue (glossitis) can also be affected. The cause of stomatitis can be a viral infection (herpes virus and calicivirus), chronic renal failure (ulcerative stomatitis) and an autoimmune process (histiocytic stomatitis). Whatever the cause, gum disease
  13. Pathological reaction, pathological process, pathological condition
    A pathological reaction is a short-term unusual reaction of the body to any effect. A pathological process is a combination of pathological and protective adaptive reactions in damaged tissues, organs or the body, manifested in the form of morphological, metabolic and functional disorders. Often, various pathological processes and individual pathological reactions of cells,
  14. Mouth, Tongue and Salivary Glands of the Horses
    The oral cavity is divided by the teeth and gums into the vestibule, limited by the lips and cheeks, and the oral cavity proper, located inside with respect to the teeth. The length of these two components is shown in projection onto the surface (Fig. 37.1 and 37.2) and in cross section (37.6). The tongue is shown in its entirety (37.5), being removed from the head along with the lower jaw. The pharynx arch was divided
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