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Attention diagnostics

Test "Distribution and switching attention"

The course of experience.

1. The subject writes numbers from 1 to 20 on the blackboard and simultaneously loudly counts in the reverse order from 20 to 1. Compare the execution time, the number of errors, the degree of difficulty for different subjects.

2. According to the provided figure, the subject must find and show alternately white numbers in increasing order and black numbers in decreasing order, that is, 1 - white, 24 - black, 2 - white, 23 - black, etc. The execution time is recorded tasks, the number of errors. For driving professions, switching attention is a professionally necessary quality and should be at least 4 points - this is the threshold of professional suitability.

Analysis of the results.

Munsterberg Methodology

It is aimed at determining the selectivity of attention. It is recommended for use in professional selection for specialties that require good selectivity and concentration, as well as high noise immunity. It is used both in a group and individually.

The following instruction is recommended: “Among the alphabetic text there are words. Your task is to emphasize these words as quickly as possible while reading the text. ”
Example: Rücklüssradostusrktor.

Operating time - 2 minutes.


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The number of highlighted words and errors (missing and incorrectly selected words) is estimated.
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Attention diagnostics

  1. Attention
    Considering the processes of localization and recognition, we often implied that attention is involved in them. To detect the movement of the aircraft, one must pay attention to the trajectory of its flight; in order to recognize an object, one must first pay attention to it; and to determine if this girlfriend has a tail in this black thing in the kitchen, you should pay attention to the appropriate
  2. Attention
    Attention - is the selection of some reflection objects with simultaneous distraction from everything else. Of the huge number of simultaneously acting on a person objects and phenomena of the world, he clearly reflects only a little, everything else is either not noticed, or seen dimly, vaguely. This is because mental activity is selective - thinking or
  3. Attention development
    The attention of the child at the beginning of preschool age reflects his interests in relation to surrounding objects and the actions performed with them. The child is concentrated only until then. until interest fades away. The appearance of a new object immediately causes a shift in attention to it. Therefore, children rarely do the same thing for a long time. Throughout preschool due to
  4. Three laws of attention
    LAW OF APPERCEPTION The level of attention is not a constant value, but depends on the worldview, the general orientation of the reader’s personality, the stock of knowledge, as well as mood and situational attitude to the text being read. LAW OF INSTALLATION The level of attention rises when the body adapts to the best perception and response. Georgian psychologist D. Uznadze established
  5. Attention span
    Of particular importance for success in fast reading, in addition to concentration, is the stability of attention. It is these properties that distinguish people who are passionate about their business, who are able to disconnect from numerous side irritants for the sake of the main thing. Fig. 33. Double image: vase or profile? Fig. 34. Double image of a truncated pyramid. In one of the Indian tales, it is told that
  6. The hygiene of attention
    The ability to maintain active attention is also associated with the state of the human nervous system. Therefore, we will designate the third reason for inattention as a violation of the hygiene of attention. Here we will focus on its psychophysiological foundations. As we noted earlier, the physiological basis of attention is to increase the level of excitation in certain parts of the brain - the emergence of
  7. Concentration of attention
    It is known that qualitatively, that is, accurately, quickly and accurately, any work can be done only if you are as collected and attentive as possible. Otherwise, all efforts may be in vain. From the physics course, you are familiar with the lens example. So, the sun's rays, collected with a magnifying glass to a point, can burn a sheet of paper or light a piece of wood. Quality like that
  8. Attention switching
    Among the most important for reading the properties of attention should also be highlighted switching, or switchability. It is understood as a person’s ability to quickly move from one activity to another. Switchability means conscious and meaningful transfer of one’s attention from one object to another or from one property, qualities of a situation to another. Many say that they find it difficult to tear themselves away
  9. Volume of attention
    In practice, the amount of attention is determined by the number of objects that a person can perceive, “grab” with a quick presentation. In psychological laboratories, a special device is used for this purpose - a tachistoscope (the name comes from the ancient Greek words tachis - “fast”, scopeo - “look”). On the screen for a short time they show letters, numbers, figures, and then they count the number correctly
  10. Caution - Reading Catalyst
    The role of attention in reading is exceptionally great. Attention also determines to a large extent the effectiveness of many other types of human activity. Attention is one of the signs of will. The degree of concentration or organization of attention is a measure of reading speed. In the figurative expression of KD D. Ushinsky, “attention is precisely that door through which everything that enters the soul passes
  11. Attention distribution
    Distribution of attention means focusing it simultaneously on two different activities. The ability to manage attention, to distribute it is especially necessary in the case when you have to perform two or more work at the same time. Many prominent people have an amazing ability to distribute their attention. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, according to the memoirs of N. A. Semashko, could
  12. Three types of attention
    Attention can be of three types: involuntary, arbitrary and after-random. Involuntary attention is characterized by the fact that directed and focused mental activity is involuntary in nature, that is, the goal is not to be careful. Involuntary attention arises by itself when the acting stimuli are clearly different from the general monotonous “gray” background, or when
  13. Mastery of attention
    The story of a child’s attention is the story of the development of the organization of his behavior. This story begins at birth. Initial attention is carried out with the help of hereditary nerve mechanisms that organize the flow of reflexes according to the principle of dominant known from physiology. This principle establishes that in the work of the nervous system the organizing moment is the presence of one
  14. Genius and attention
    Psychologists define genius as the highest degree of manifestation of a person’s creative powers. In the process of his activity, a genius creates qualitatively new, unique creations, opens up previously unknown ways of creativity. The history of the view on the nature of genius is associated with the development of an understanding of the specifics of the creative process as a special type of activity. Ever since antiquity, genius
  15. Attention
    It often happens that we find ourselves in a creative impasse due to the habit of fantasizing. Instead of working and living in the present, we spin the wheels idle and imagine who we could become and what we could achieve. Another major misconception is that a rich creative life is interspersed with strips of aimless existence. In fact, creativity involves periods of intense
  16. How to manage your attention
    Attention plays a large role in our development and practice. Therefore, the strengthening of our power over attention, its management, carried out through the education of voluntary attention, never loses its relevance. Here we would like to say a few words about the interconnectedness and interdependence of mastering the control of other people's attention with managing their own attention.
  17. Attention and its laws
    In everyday life, many irritants constantly act on a person. However, at a certain point in time, he reacts to those of them that, more than others, correspond to his needs and, therefore, have a more important vital significance for him. Significant objects attract attention, determine its direction, less significant at this time are not noticed. Attention
  18. Rebuilding memory and attention
    Compression of the essay does not allow us to analyze in detail all the basic mental functions that take part in the operation we are studying. Therefore, we restrict ourselves to the most general mention of the fate of the most important of them, without which the psychological structure of the use of tools would remain unclear for us. In the first place by the degree of participation in this operation should be given attention. All
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