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An experiment as a normative method of empirical testing of psychological hypotheses

The objectives of psychological research: theoretical, applied, practical.

The development of experimental psychology and the differentiation of concepts of the method and research technique. Method as a way to collect data. An experiment as one of the ways of knowing reality and as a means of “limiting” theorizing, as a normative logic of reflection and as an art of testing psychological hypotheses.

Empirical methods in psychology. The concept of empirical testing of scientific hypotheses. Verification and falsification. Theories, hypotheses and facts in the structure of psychological knowledge. "Psychological reality", the world of theories and experimental models.

Research and examination (difference in goals and subsequent generalizations).
An experiment in the broad and narrow sense of the word. Individual examination, individual experiment, a group of individual experiments. The specificity of the methodological technique "analysis of a single case." Group inspection (work with samples), group experiments and intergroup experiment designs.

The idea of ​​the experiment as an active research method (as opposed to "passive-observing"). An idea of ​​the experimental effects and types of variables. Functional control of an independent variable as a condition for planning and conducting a psychological experiment.

"Active" methods in a different meaning of the term (organization of psychological influences, discussion, training, business games).
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An experiment as a normative method of empirical testing of psychological hypotheses

  1. An experiment as a method of empirical research
    The experiment involves the active intervention of the researcher in the subject's activity in order to create conditions in which a psychological fact is revealed. The researcher deliberately creates and changes the conditions under which the human activity proceeds, sets goals and judges the psychological characteristics of the test subject based on the results. Allocate laboratory and natural
  2. Psychological hypotheses and reconstruction of psychological reality using the experimental method
    Types of psychological hypotheses tested in the experiment. Description of psychological patterns in the language of "variables" and the rigor of causal or causal interpretations as a specificity of an experimental research method. Operationalization of variables. The problem of the relationship between empirical generalizations and theoretical interpretations in the analysis of experimental data. Conceptual
  3. Experiment as a research method
    Acmeology as a relatively young science is developing its own methodological tools - a set of methods and methodological techniques that are adequate to its subject and tasks. One of the directions of this work is the creation of experimental acmeology, involving the use of experimental methods in acmeological research. The subject of study in acmeology is the process
  4. Experiment as a research method
    Acmeology as a relatively young science is developing its own methodological tools - a set of methods and methodological techniques that are adequate to its subject and tasks. One of the directions of this work is the creation of experimental acmeology, involving the use of experimental methods in acmeological research. The subject of study in acmeology is the process
  5. An experiment in a system of psychological research methods
    Organization of psychological research. Classifications of psychological research methods (classical taxonomy, timely taxonomy). The method of observation and the postulate of immediacy. Types of psychological observation. Monitoring subjective factors in observer reports. Observation techniques in experimental schemes. Types of empirical data in psychological
  6. Observation and experiment as the main research methods in developmental psychology
    The main research methods of developmental psychology and developmental psychology are methods of collecting facts, ascertaining trends, and the dynamics of mental development that unfolds over time. At the initial stage of the development of child psychology (in the second half of the XIX - beginning of the X X centuries), it was primarily a method of observation. Researchers (including biologists and psychologists T. Tideman, I. Ten,
  7. The basics of planning a psychological experiment
    A thought experiment and the allocation of an empirically verified dependence. Mental images of experiments and planning as a control of threats to validity. Representativeness of experimental models and variables. Planning is substantive and formal. The connection between the choice of a plan and a theoretical understanding of the problem (examples of plans in the study of motivation according to H. Heckhausen). Idea of
  8. Types of psychological experiments. Quasi-Experiment in Psychology
    Types of experiments in psychology. Foundations of typologies. Experimentation in the school of K. Levin. Quasi-experimental research schemes in psychology: differences in the content of tested hypotheses, forms of control and logic of conclusions. Quasi-experimental method in terms of limitations in the forms of experimental control. The difference between intergroup experiments and quasi-experiments on the principles of selection in
  9. Psychological training as a method of practical psychology
    Nowadays, training groups are understood as all specially created small fupps, whose participants, with the assistance of a leading psychologist, are involved in a peculiar experience of intensive communication, focused on helping everyone in solving various psychological problems and in self-improvement (in particular, in the development of self-awareness). Group psychological training
  10. Experiment method
    An experiment in a profession is also used to verify a pre-compiled psychogram. For this purpose, several groups of specialists with different professional success stand out. In each group, with the help of special devices or forms, the qualities recognized in the psychogram as professionally important are checked. The results of the study are compared with indicators of professional
  11. Psychotherapy and psychocorrection as methods of psychological assistance
    Psychocorrection is a directed psychological effect on certain mental structures in order to optimize the development and functioning of an individual in specific conditions of life. The term “correction” literally means “correction”. Thus, this is a system of measures aimed at correcting the deficiencies of the psyche or human behavior using special means
  12. Correlation of theory, experiment and practice in the process of military psychological research
    This problem reflects the implementation by military psychologists of the most important principle of psychology - the principle of the unity of theory, experiment and practice, the significance of which is shown by B.F. Lomov. This principle is briefly formulated by K.K. Platonov: "... An experiment, being substantiated by a theory, verifies and refines it and, together with it being verified by practice as the highest criterion of truth, serves it, improving it." Violation
  13. Psychological meaning and content of the formative experiment program
    The purpose of the forming experiment (Volkova, 2000) is the formation of the conceptual structures of chemistry based on the natural order of the formation of the conceptual chemistry system (see Chapter 5): the dependence of the properties of a substance on the composition, structure and the entire kinetic system as a whole. The educational program that we developed ensured the transition from operating with global, undifferentiated images
  14. Problems of computerization of psychological experiments
    Computerization of techniques as a "technician" and forms of control. The possibilities of using a computer at different stages of the study. A computer in teaching psychological experimentation. Special problems of the "psychology of computerization" and the practice of using computers as a means of activity
  15. Questionnaire survey as a method of studying socio-psychological processes in military groups
    The most common method of studying social processes in large groups of military personnel, military collectives is a survey. There are two types of survey: questioning and interviewing. The specificity of the questionnaire is that communication between the researcher and the respondent, which is the source of the necessary information, is mediated by the questionnaire. The benefits of collecting information from
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