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Ethical code (ethical norms) of a psychologist-consultant

1. General rules

1.1. Boundaries of competence

(a) Counseling psychologists are engaged in professional activities only within the limits of their competence, which is determined by education, forms of training and relevant professional experience.

(c) Counseling psychologists carry out professional activities in new areas or use new methods only after they have been properly studied, trained, supervised and (or) advised by specialists competent in these areas or methods.

(c) In areas of activity in which acceptable standards of training have not yet been developed, counseling psychologists are doing everything possible to increase the competence of their work and protect clients from possible harm, etc.

(d) A counseling psychologist, making a decision related to a professional activity, must take into account his qualifications and experience working with clients who have certain individual differences (age, gender, nationality, religion, sexual orientation, a type of psychological problem, physical or mental disorder, language or socio-economic status, etc.).

(e) Counseling psychologists empower their subordinates, supervised and assistants only with the responsibility that they can manage on the basis of their competence (education, experience, training, etc.), regardless of whether they act independently or under supervision .

1.2. Description and / or explanation of the results of psychological work

(a) In work with non-professional clients, counseling psychologists use terms and explanations that are understandable to them.

(c) If for any reason (non-disclosure of the results obtained, the illegality of communicating the results to certain groups of persons), counseling psychologists cannot provide information to those who need it and to whom it applies, then they should warn them in advance about the impossibility of using this information.

1.3. Respect the right of others to remain different

In their professional activities, counseling psychologists respectfully refer to the rights of others to attitudes, opinions, moral norms, etc., other than their own.

1.4. Non-discrimination

In their professional activities, counseling psychologists in every way avoid any discrimination on the basis of age, gender, nationality, religion, sexual orientation, one or another physical or mental disorder, language, socio-economic status or other characteristic specified in the law.

1.5. Infringement on the honor and dignity of customers

Counseling psychologists are not allowed to carry out actions that may offend or humiliate the honor and dignity of clients.

1.6. Attitude to personal problems

(a) Counseling psychologists are well aware that their personal problems may affect their professional performance. Therefore, they avoid those areas of their professional activities in which these problems can be particularly acute and cause any harm to the clients involved in this activity.

(c) Counseling psychologists are obliged to do everything possible to recognize at the earliest possible stages of development and / or the presence of their personal problems that may be an obstacle in the exercise of their professional activities.

(c) In order to eliminate detected intrapersonal obstacles in the implementation of their professional activities, counseling psychologists seek professional help from their colleagues and determine the time limits imposed on their professional activities.

1.7. No harm

Psychologists are doing everything possible to prevent or reduce undesirable consequences from their professional activities, as well as to save and protect clients from such consequences.

1.8. Misuse of psychological knowledge

Recognizing the strength of psychological knowledge, counseling psychologists are doing everything possible to prevent anyone's personal, financial, social, organizational, and political influence with the aim of forcing them to misuse psychological knowledge.

1.9. Improper use of counseling psychologists • the results of their work

(a) Counseling psychologists are not involved in activities whose results can be used to discredit psychology.

(c) If counselors become aware of the misuse of their work, they are doing everything possible to correct and / or correct mistakes made.

1.10. Barter with customers

Psychologists, as a rule, refrain from receiving gifts and services from clients in return for assistance rendered to them, since this practice is a serious source of conflict, exploitation and devaluation of professional relations. A counseling psychologist can participate in barter only in cases where it does not interfere with professional activities and does not lead to manipulation.

1.11. Cash reward

Questions of monetary remuneration as a payment for their work are advised by counseling psychologists at the earliest stages of psychological interaction with the client, but in any case until the moment of psychological intervention (intervention).

1.12. Conducting professional and scientific documentation Psychological consultants properly document their professional work in order to generalize and disseminate their experience, facilitate future activities, as well as to be able to present their work in other instances.

2. Public speaking and publishing

Public speaking and publications include brochures, newspaper and research articles, summaries, media interviews, lectures and oral presentations, paid or free advertising, as well as any materials distributed electronically (Internet, electronic conferences, etc.).

2.1. Avoiding false or incorrect statements

(a) Counseling psychologists in public speeches and publications do not allow false and / or incorrect statements and do not use unverified information,

(c) To confirm their professional status, counseling psychologists use only those documents that are officially recognized by the state and the psychological community.

2.2. Evidence and Confirmation

Counseling psychologists do not use and do not appeal to the testimonies and confirmations of clients whose work is not finished.

3. Testing, evaluation and intervention

3.1. Evaluation and diagnosis

(a) Counseling psychologists carry out assessment, diagnostic work and intervention only within the framework defined by professional relationships.

(c) Psychological conclusions, reports, recommendations and diagnoses are based only on information obtained through valid psychological tools.

3.2. Using psychological tools

(a) Using any psychological toolkit, counseling psychologists must be sure that this toolkit is adequate to solve the set tasks, and its use takes into account the limits of applicability.

(c) Consultant psychologists who use the toolkit know the limits of validity, validation, standardization, and other features of the use of the toolkit.

(c) Counseling psychologists do not allow the unskilled use of psychological tools.

(d) When there is a question about the diagnosis, assessment and prognosis for the client, counseling psychologists pay special attention to the limitations in the use of tools and the interpretation of the data obtained with it,

(e) Counseling psychologists are doing everything possible to determine situations in which psychological techniques or tools can be used inadequately or their use should be subject to appropriate restrictions.

3.3. Interpretation of data

When interpreting data, including automated interpretations, counseling psychologists try to take into account factors that depend both on this toolkit and on a particular subject, which may affect the psychological conclusion or accuracy of interpretations. Counseling psychologists note any significant factors that influence the accuracy or limitations of interpretations.

3.4. Creating test scores and interpretations

Counseling psychologists who distribute psychological tools to other professionals must specify the goals, norms, validity, accuracy, applicability of the procedures and the necessary qualifications for using these tools and are responsible for the correct application and interpretation of the results, regardless of whether they were counting and the interpretation themselves or it was done automatically.

3.5. Explanation of the results

The results of the survey should be explained to clients in a language that is accessible to them, regardless of whether the study was conducted by a psychologist-consultant, an assistant, or automatically.

3.6. Ensuring the safety of psychological tools

Counseling psychologists are doing everything possible to preserve the integrity and security of psychological tools in accordance with the law, the commitments and standards of this Code of Ethics.

4. Procedural standards

4.1. Informing the client

(a) When establishing a professional relationship between a consulting psychologist and a client, it is necessary to discuss as soon as possible what will happen during the session (s), how confidentiality will be maintained and how financial matters will be resolved.

(c) If a supervisor participates in the work of a consulting psychologist, this fact is specified in the previous discussion, indicating the supervisor's last name, first name and patronymic, if he is responsible for this case.

(c) Counseling psychologists, in order to avoid any misunderstanding, are doing everything to answer all the clients' questions about the upcoming counseling.

4.2. Informed consent

(a) Counseling psychologists must obtain informed consent for counseling, using the language understood by counseling participants. The content of the consent given will depend on many circumstances; however, informed consent generally reflects that the client:

(1) is able to give consent; (2) received significant information regarding all procedures; (3) gave his consent on the basis of free will and without pressure from outside; (4) this consent is properly executed.

(c) In cases where the client is not officially able to give informed consent, counseling psychologists receive informed permission from those who are responsible for the client in accordance with the law.

(c) Additionally, counseling psychologists: (1) inform incapacitated clients about the interventions being conducted, consistent with their mental state and features; (2) try to get their approval and (3) take into account personal preferences and interests.

Relationship with the couple and family

(a) In cases where counseling psychologists provide services to several people at once, between whom there are close and / or kinship relationships (husband and wife, parents and children who marry, etc.), counseling psychologists are in At the beginning, they are trying to clarify: (1) which of them is a client and (2) what kind of relationship the counseling psychologist will have with each of the participants in the consultation.

(c) As soon as the counselor is confronted with the performance of potentially conflicting roles (for example, the family counselor of the husband and wife and the witness of one of these parties in the divorce proceedings). he must make a choice in the direction of one of them.

4.4. Working with clients supervised by other psychologists

When making decisions about providing services to those who already receive mental health support, counseling psychologists carefully weigh the healing issues and their impact on the well-being of the client. Counseling psychologists find out from clients or those who officially represent their rights, information aimed at reducing the risk of misunderstanding or conflict with those who already provide psychological services, and in order not to disrupt the therapeutic process.

4.5. Counseling and interaction with colleagues

Counseling psychologists organize the necessary consultations and interaction with colleagues based on the interests of their clients and with their consent.

4.6. Interruption of assistance

(a) Counseling psychologists are planning to continue working with clients in cases of unexpected termination of their services caused by illness, disability, relocation or financial constraints, which they notify the client in advance.

(c) If the relationship between the client and the consulting psychologist is determined by a contract or a contract of employment, then the latter, in the event of the expiration of the contract or the contract, shall take steps to further assist clients.

4.7. End of professional relationship

(a) Counseling psychologists do not abandon clients.

(c) Counseling psychologists stop their intervention when it becomes clear that the client no longer needs his services and / or further work does not bring results, and its continuation may harm the client.

(c) Before discontinuing therapy, the counselor ascertains the current state of the client and conducts appropriate training on stopping work or undertakes efforts to transfer the client to other specialists.

5. Informal relations

5.1. Non-professional customer relations

(a) In situations where counseling psychologists cannot avoid non-professional relationships with clients, they should be especially careful and attentive and should consider the power of their influence.

(c) Counseling psychologists should strive to avoid non-professional contacts with clients in situations that could harm them.

(c) If, by virtue of the circumstances, the psychological counselor cannot prevent harm from non-professional relations, the problem should be solved on the basis of the interests of the weaker side and in full compliance with the Code of Ethics.

5.2. Sexual relationship

(a) Counseling psychologists respect the sexual integrity of all people and try to prevent this violation.

(b) Counseling psychologists do not engage in sexual relations with clients, students or supervised persons.

5.3. Counseling ex-sex partners

Counseling psychologists do not take as their clients those with whom they had sex.

6. Confidentiality

6.1. Discussing privacy concerns

(a) Counseling psychologists discuss with clients and / or organizations. with which they establish professional relationships:

(1) privacy issues; (2) necessary restrictions on the possible use of information obtained during work.

(c) The discussion of confidentiality issues should take place at the very early stages of psychological work.

(c) Any types of session recordings obtained with the consent of the client are protected from improper use by clients.

6.2. Privacy Preservation

Counseling psychologists protect the confidentiality rights of all clients with whom they had to work.

6.3. Minimize the invasion of the inner world

(a) To minimize the intrusion into the inner world of the client, counseling psychologists in written and oral reports, conclusions, etc. include only the information for which professional interaction was carried out.

(c) Counseling psychologists discuss confidential information received from clients, students, participants in experiments, supervisors only in accordance with scientific or professional tasks and only with those who clearly represent the boundaries of the discussion of this information.

6.4. Ensuring the safety and integrity of the information collected

Counseling psychologists are responsible for the necessary level of confidentiality in the collection, processing, transfer and preservation of written, automated or otherwise existing information. Counseling psychologists preserve and use the confidential information they collect in accordance with the law and the Code of Ethics.

6.5. Disclosure

(a) Counseling psychologists disclose confidential information without the consent of the client only in cases provided by law, and also if it is aimed at: (1) providing the necessary professional assistance to clients; (2) conducting the necessary professional advice; (3) customer protection.

(c) Counseling psychologists may disclose confidential information with appropriate permission from the client.

(c) When consulting with colleagues, psychologists do not share confidential information that could lead to the identification of the client, except in cases where permission or disclosure was not forbidden to disclose confidential information. Психологи-консультанты предоставляют только ту информацию, которая необходима для проведения консультации.

6.6. Конфиденциальная информация о базе данных

(а) При введении конфиденциальной информации в базу данных или в систему записей, которые доступны людям, в отношении которых с клиентами не оговаривался доступ к конфиденциальной информации, психологи-консультанты должны использовать кодирование или другие технические приемы для предотвращения вторжения в личные данные.

(в) Предоставляя записи третьим лицам, психолог-консультант должен позаботиться о том, чтобы в них отсутствовала информация, позволяющая идентифицировать участников этих записей.

(с) Если с носителей информации невозможно стереть идентифицирующую участников информацию, психолог-консультант должен получить от идентифицируемых участников разрешение на предоставление этой информации третьим лицам, в ином случае данные носители информации не подлежат передаче третьим лицам.

6.7. Использование конфиденциальной информации в обучении, публикациях и публичных выступлениях

(а) В публикациях, лекциях или других публичных выступлениях психологи-консультанты не разглашают конфиденциальную информацию, в которой возможна идентификация клиентов, если только на это не было получено их письменное или устное согласие.

(в) Во время научного или профессионального общения психологи-консультанты должны настолько изменить конфиденциальную информацию об обсуждаемых лицах, чтобы они не могли быть идентифицированы третьими лицами, а обсуждение не нанесло им вреда, если они узнают сами себя.

6.8. Защита записей и данных

Психолог-консультант должен быть заранее готов к защите конфиденциальной информации на случай потери своей работоспособности или смерти, а также изъятия или кражи записей и данных.

7. Решение этических вопросов

7.1. Знание Этического Кодекса

Психологи-консультанты должны быть знакомы с данным Этическим Кодексом и другими положениями, затрагивающими этические вопросы, и представлять применимость этих норм к своей работе. Незнание, непонимание или заблуждение относительно этических норм не может быть оправданием неэтичного поведения.

7.2. Возникновение этических вопросов

В тех случаях, когда психолог-консультант самостоятельно не может разрешить этические вопросы в отношении своих действий в какой-либо ситуации, он обращается за помощью к другим психологам, более искушенным в этических вопросах, а также к психологическим общественным объединениям или государственным организациям.

7.3. Противоречия между этическими нормами и служебными обязанностями

Если служебные обязанности психолога-консультанта входят в противоречие с Этическим Кодексом, он должен как можно раньше выявить суть противоречия и устранить его в пользу профессиональных этических норм.

7.4. Неформальное устранение этических нарушений

В тех случаях, когда психологам-консультантам становится известно об этических нарушениях другого психолога-консультанта, они обращают его внимание на эти нарушения и ограничиваются этим, если подобное обращение привело к приемлемому разрешению ситуации.

7.5. Сообщение об этических нарушениях

Если этическое нарушение не может быть устранено неформальным путем или оно не было устранено в приемлемой форме, психологи-консультанты предпринимают действия, направленные на подключение психологической общественности с целью пресечения этих нарушений.

7.6. Необоснованные претензии

Психологи-консультанты не допускают разбирательств по поводу этических претензий, которые недостаточно обоснованы, анонимны или преследуют цель дискредитации другого психолога-консультанта.
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