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Everyday psychology

In our everyday life, we often use the words "psychology", "psychologist", "psychological", not always thinking about their content. “This person is a good psychologist,” we are talking about someone who knows how to make contact with people. “Such is his psychology,” we say sometimes, trying to explain the interests, inclinations, and actions of a person, characterizing the characteristics of his personality. Sometimes you can hear a phrase like “Well, he's just crazy,” meaning the emotional characterization of another person as inferior or sick.

Psychological knowledge of this kind was accumulated and used by man in everyday life in the course of historical development. Knowledge about people is usually specific and is formed individually by each person. Their reliability is checked by personal experience, and they are used in interaction with other people. This knowledge is usually called everyday psychology. They begin with an attempt to explain a person’s deed by the characteristics of his inner world. To do this, compare his various deeds and draw conclusions about the typical properties of his soul.
This knowledge makes it possible to characterize it. Thus, everyday psychology moves from observing and attempting to explain a specific act to a general understanding of man. The desire to better understand the inner world of people encourages us to compare their actions and come to general conclusions. The generalized knowledge of everyday psychology is formed. They are expressed in proverbs and sayings, in traditions, in knowledge that is passed from mouth to mouth. This worldly wisdom is reflected by writers.

The main criterion for the truth of knowledge of everyday psychology is the recognition of other people. If people see confirmation of certain everyday psychological principles in everyday life and feel their practical benefits, then these principles are considered true and are transmitted from person to person, from generation to generation. In essence, everyday psychology is a generalization of everyday psychological knowledge. The specifics, practicality, accessibility of presentation, fragmentation and inaccuracy of the concepts used, reliance on life experience and common sense are considered the features of this knowledge.
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Everyday psychology

  1. Features of psychology as a science. Correlation of everyday and scientific psychology.
    There are two different areas of psychological knowledge - scientific and everyday, everyday psychology. If scientific psychology arose relatively recently, then everyday psychological knowledge has always been included in various types of human practice. The fundamental condition for the existence of man is a certain conscious representation of the world around him and his place in it. The study
  2. Everyday psychology
    Psychological knowledge as knowledge of the spiritual world of a person can have not only scientific sources. It is no accident that the words “psychology” and “psychological” are very often found in everyday life and in art. We can distinguish at least two important types of psychological knowledge - everyday and practical psychology, which differ from scientific methods of obtaining knowledge and its criteria
  3. Correlation of scientific and everyday psychology
    Long before the advent of scientific, everyday psychology developed, because each of us is a psychologist for ourselves. In the entire history of evolution, man has learned: to observe other people, to explain the reasons for their behavior. According to the American psychologist George Kelly, a person explores, studies others and constructs them in his mind. So, all nations have similar observations of people,
  4. Lectures. Everyday and scientific practical psychology. Part 1, 2011
    Types of psychological knowledge. Classification of Sciences. Criteria of psychology as a science. The place of psychology in the system of sciences. The science. The main functions of science. The main stages of the formation of psychology as a science. Features of psychological science. The difference between scientific knowledge and other types of knowledge. Branches of psychology. Correlation of scientific and everyday psychology. Comparison of scientific and everyday psychology.
  5. Peculiarities of scientific and everyday psychology
    Scientific psychology is based on empirical scientific facts, that is, facts obtained experimentally. Scientific and psychological facts are characterized by objectivity, i.e., they are independent of the subjective opinion of a scientist. Scientific psychological knowledge is rational and conscious. The use of empirical and logical methods of proving the truth of scientific and psychological knowledge gives them special
  6. Comparison of everyday and scientific psychology
  7. Scientific and everyday psychological knowledge
    By science we understand the sphere of human activity, the main function of which is the development of knowledge about the world, their systematization. Based on the knowledge gained, the image of the world (the so-called scientific picture of the world) and the ways of interacting with the world (scientifically based practice) are built. In addition to the scientific way of mastering reality, it is customary to single out ordinary knowledge, artistic
  8. Development psychology and developmental psychology in the works of Russian psychologists
    Developmental psychology and developmental psychology in domestic works
    NOT 2.2. Ethical standards in a robot psychologist Plan: 1. Understanding an ethical standard. 2 Ethical standards of a psychologist, adopt the American Psychological Association of Society in 1963 fate. 3. Ethical standards for a psychologist, adopted by Madrid, Spain. 4. The characteristic of the "European" and the "American" standards is alternate. 5. The problem is that of a similar kind of standard psychologist in
  10. Characteristics of developmental psychology, developmental psychology as a science
    Age psychology is a branch of psychological science that studies the facts and patterns of human development, the age dynamics of its psyche. The object of study of developmental psychology is a normal, healthy person developing and changing in ontogenesis. Development Psychology highlights age-related changes in people's behavior and seeks to explain these changes, to reveal patterns
  11. Age psychology as a component of the methodological foundations of military psychology
    Age psychology, being a branch of psychological science, studies the laws of mental development and the characteristics of personality formation at various stages of a person’s ontogenesis from birth to old age. Age psychology took shape in an independent field of knowledge at the end of the last century as a child psychology and for a long time was limited to studying the child’s mental development.
    NOT 2.1. The main ethical problems and the “zvobi” of the practical and scientific and psychological work of a psychologist Plan: 1. Ethical problems of the type “psychologist-client”, “psychologist-colleague”, “psychologist-adminstratsiya / adminstratori”. 2. The main ethical "zvaby" practical psychology. 3. Ethical problems in a science-docent psychologist. Homework: Describe the "syndrome of emotion"
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