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In our everyday life, we often use the words "psychology", "psychologist", "psychological", not always thinking about their content. “This person is a good psychologist,” we are talking about someone who knows how to make contact with people. “Such is his psychology,” we say sometimes, trying to explain the interests, inclinations, and actions of a person, characterizing the characteristics of his personality. Sometimes you can hear a phrase like “Well, he's just crazy,” meaning the emotional characterization of another person as inferior or sick.
Psychological knowledge of this kind was accumulated and used by man in everyday life in the course of historical development. Knowledge about people is usually specific and is formed individually by each person. Their reliability is checked by personal experience, and they are used in interaction with other people. This knowledge is usually called everyday psychology. They begin with an attempt to explain a person’s deed by the characteristics of his inner world. To do this, compare his various deeds and draw conclusions about the typical properties of his soul.
This knowledge makes it possible to characterize it. Thus, everyday psychology moves from observing and attempting to explain a specific act to a general understanding of man. The desire to better understand the inner world of people encourages us to compare their actions and come to general conclusions. The generalized knowledge of everyday psychology is formed. They are expressed in proverbs and sayings, in traditions, in knowledge that is passed from mouth to mouth. This worldly wisdom is reflected by writers.
The main criterion for the truth of knowledge of everyday psychology is the recognition of other people. If people see confirmation of certain everyday psychological principles in everyday life and feel their practical benefits, then these principles are considered true and are transmitted from person to person, from generation to generation. In essence, everyday psychology is a generalization of everyday psychological knowledge. The specifics, practicality, accessibility of presentation, fragmentation and inaccuracy of the concepts used, reliance on life experience and common sense are considered the features of this knowledge.
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- Features of psychology as a science. Correlation of everyday and scientific psychology.
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- Correlation of scientific and everyday psychology
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- MODULE 2 IDENTITY CODE OF THE PSYCHOLOGIST. ETHNIC PRINCIPLES, STANDARDS AND PROBLEMS IN ROBOT PSYCHOLOGIST
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