Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous || Next >> |
Psychological knowledge as knowledge of the spiritual world of a person can have not only scientific sources. It is no accident that the words “psychology” and “psychological” are very often found in everyday life and in art.
We can distinguish at least two important types of psychological knowledge - everyday and practical psychology, which differ from scientific methods of obtaining knowledge and the criteria for its truth, as well as the features of the construction and justification of their positions.
Everyday psychology is the psychological knowledge that a person accumulates and uses in everyday life. They are usually specific and are formed in a person in the process of his individual life as a result of observation, self-observation and reflection.
People differ in terms of psychological vigilance and worldly wisdom. Some are very insightful, able to easily capture the mood, intentions or character traits of a person by the expression of their eyes, face, gestures, posture, movements, habits. Others do not have such abilities, are less sensitive to understanding the behavior, the internal state of another person.
The source of everyday psychology is not only the person’s own experience, but also the people with whom he is in direct contact.
The content of everyday psychology is embodied in folk rites, traditions, beliefs, proverbs and sayings, in aphorisms of folk wisdom, in fairy tales and songs. This knowledge is passed from mouth to mouth, recorded, reflecting the centuries-old worldly experience. Many proverbs and sayings have a direct or indirect psychological content: “There are devils in a quiet pool,” “Soft walking, but hard sleeping,” “A frightened crow and bush are afraid”, “He loves praise, honor and fame,” “Seven times measure - cut once ”,“ Repetition is the mother of learning. ” Rich psychological experience is accumulated in fairy tales.
The main criterion for the truth of knowledge of everyday psychology is their credibility and obvious usefulness in everyday life situations. The features of this knowledge are concreteness and practicality. They always characterize the behavior, thoughts and feelings of people in specific, albeit typical, situations. In this type of knowledge, the inaccuracy of the concepts used is manifested. Worldly terms are usually vague and ambiguous. Our language contains a large number of words denoting mental facts and phenomena. By the way, many of these words are similar to similar terms of scientific psychology, but less accurate in use.
| << Previous || Next >> |
| = Skip to textbook content = |
- Features of psychology as a science. Correlation of everyday and scientific psychology.
There are two different areas of psychological knowledge - scientific and everyday, everyday psychology. If scientific psychology arose relatively recently, then everyday psychological knowledge has always been included in various types of human practice. The fundamental condition for the existence of man is a certain conscious representation of the world around him and his place in it. The study
- Everyday psychology
In our everyday life, we often use the words "psychology", "psychologist", "psychological", not always thinking about their content. “This person is a good psychologist,” we are talking about someone who knows how to make contact with people. “Such is his psychology,” we say sometimes, trying to explain the interests, inclinations, and actions of a person, characterizing the characteristics of his personality. Sometimes you can
- Correlation of scientific and everyday psychology
Long before the advent of scientific, everyday psychology developed, because each of us is a psychologist for ourselves. In the entire history of evolution, man has learned: to observe other people, to explain the reasons for their behavior. According to the American psychologist George Kelly, a person explores, studies others and constructs them in his mind. So, all nations have similar observations of people,
- Lectures. Everyday and scientific practical psychology. Part 1, 2011
Types of psychological knowledge. Classification of Sciences. Criteria of psychology as a science. The place of psychology in the system of sciences. The science. The main functions of science. The main stages of the formation of psychology as a science. Features of psychological science. The difference between scientific knowledge and other types of knowledge. Branches of psychology. Correlation of scientific and everyday psychology. Comparison of scientific and everyday psychology.
- Peculiarities of scientific and everyday psychology
Scientific psychology is based on empirical scientific facts, that is, facts obtained experimentally. Scientific and psychological facts are characterized by objectivity, i.e., they are independent of the subjective opinion of a scientist. Scientific psychological knowledge is rational and conscious. The use of empirical and logical methods of proving the truth of scientific and psychological knowledge gives them special
- Comparison of everyday and scientific psychology
- Scientific and everyday psychological knowledge
By science we understand the sphere of human activity, the main function of which is the development of knowledge about the world, their systematization. Based on the knowledge gained, an image of the world (the so-called scientific picture of the world) and methods of interaction with the world (scientifically based practice) are constructed. In addition to the scientific way of mastering reality, it is customary to single out ordinary knowledge, artistic
- Development psychology and developmental psychology in the works of Russian psychologists
Developmental psychology and developmental psychology in domestic works
- MODULE 2 IDENTITY CODE OF THE PSYCHOLOGIST. ETHNIC PRINCIPLES, STANDARDS AND PROBLEMS IN ROBOT PSYCHOLOGIST
NOT 2.2. Ethical standards in a robot psychologist Plan: 1. Understanding an ethical standard. 2 Ethical standards of the psychologist, adopt the American Psychological Association at the age of 1963. 3. Ethical standards for a psychologist, adopted by Madrid, Spain. 4. The characteristic of the "European" and the "American" standards is alternate. 5. The problem is that of a similar kind of standard psychologist in
- Characteristics of developmental psychology, developmental psychology as a science
Age psychology is a branch of psychological science that studies the facts and patterns of human development, the age dynamics of its psyche. The object of study of developmental psychology is a normal, healthy person developing and changing in ontogenesis. Development Psychology highlights age-related changes in people's behavior and seeks to explain these changes, to reveal patterns