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Who needs practical psychology and why?

The activation of practical psychological work in our country began in the 80s. In just ten years, the number of practical psychologists has significantly increased, psychological services, psychological counseling have begun to appear everywhere, and psychological training has become very popular. However, this process proceeded most often spontaneously (Radzikhovsky, 1987).

The social order for the profession of a practical psychologist was formed, above all, in journalistic and popular science literature. Representatives of many professions spoke about the need for practical psychological knowledge: teachers, doctors, lawyers, businessmen, politicians. With the help of this knowledge, they hoped to solve one of the main tasks of their profession - to purposefully influence a person. At present in our country certain experience of practical psychology has already been accumulated, new problems have appeared. How do practical psychologists work?

The customers of psychological work can be an organization, a family, a specific person. The customer turns to a psychologist for help in solving a psychological problem. It is important that this problem be included in the field of activity of a psychologist, outlined by its regulatory requirements. Often a psychological problem appears in the form of a difficulty or barrier that the client wants to overcome with the assistance of a psychologist.

For people who are not directly associated with professional psychology, it often seems extremely useful and necessary. However, ideas about the possibilities of psychological science may not be specific and not correspond to reality. People expect more from psychology than it can give. Many of the data of psychology are far from direct practical application, require considerable intellectual work and creative approach in their application to practice. In the ordinary consciousness of people it is often the opinion that the psychologist sees a person "through and through." Sometimes it is expected that the psychologist will find or help to find the "button" that will allow you to successfully solve the problem.

In the minds of parents, teachers, entrepreneurs, civil servants, the magic word “psychology” has become stronger.
Competences of the psychologist began to address all those problems that a parent, teacher or supervisor cannot cope on their own. The child does not want to learn, does not learn the program? To his psychologist! Let him do so that he wanted and learned. The company does not receive profits? It is necessary to give the psychologist the task to plan the development of the organization, the advertising campaign and let him recruit new employees. Or sometimes, without understanding the specific problems and without setting specific tasks, the psychologist is taken to a full-time position so that he can do “something”, from which everyone will feel good.

When these high expectations and demands on psychology and psychologists are not justified, disappointment ensues. There is a supercritical attitude to the process and the results of the work done by the psychologist.

But the psychologist is not a wizard. He can not solve all the problems, and even alone. For a successful activity, it is important for a psychologist to distinguish between the social order for his profession and his real professional capabilities. Moreover, social orders for scientific and practical psychology differ significantly in accordance with the tasks that they are called upon to solve. In scientific psychology, this is a search for general psychological patterns. In practical psychology - psychological work with individuality. The formation and change of the social status of the psychologist's profession will depend on how much psychologists themselves can influence the formation of a social order, as well as on how psychology will be able to go beyond the limits of their narrow professional problems.

The field of practical psychology are professional practice psychologists. The main goal of their work is direct psychological help to people who need it. Practical psychologists help in solving problems that arise in the field of education, production activities, social and personal life of people.
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Who needs practical psychology and why?

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