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Personal qualities of a psychologist

Professional and personal in the activities of a psychologist are very often closely related. It is difficult to be alone in the personal plan, and completely different in professional activities. Therefore, personal qualities form an important foundation for the professional success of a psychologist. As one student said, “among those people whom I consider to be truly professional psychologists, I have always noticed an unusual merger of profession and life, the inclusion of inner experiences and intense spiritual search in the context of professional activity and, conversely, the inclusion of professional activity in the general context of the whole "This is an ideal situation for me - so that everything that I do as a professional becomes a part of my spiritual search."

It is difficult to find personal qualities that are equally important for such different areas of the psychologist's activity as scientific psychology, practical psychology, and the teaching of psychology. Each of them presents a number of specific requirements to the personality of a psychologist.

According to K.A. Ramul, for every scientist, including psychologist, the following personality traits are necessary:

1) enthusiasm for work and its tasks,

2) diligence - the ability and inclinations to a long and assiduous work,

3) discipline,

4) the ability to criticize and self-criticism,

5) impartiality

6) the ability to get along with people (Ramul, 1965, p.126-135).

Benevolence, respectful attitude to people, sensitivity, responsiveness, altruistic, humanity, intelligence are certainly considered important moral qualities of a psychologist.

The communicative qualities of his personality have great knowledge for a practical psychologist: the ability to understand other people and psychologically correctly influence them. The psychologist must be able to work with people, understand the characters, possess not only psychological knowledge, but also psychological intuition. Communicative qualities of a psychologist, important for his professional activity, can be considered attractiveness, sociability, tact, politeness, ability to listen and understand another person. In general, the complex of these qualities is often called "communication talent."

The general attitude to life and activity is manifested in such personal qualities that are significant for the psychologist as responsibility, organization, optimism, openness, curiosity, observation, independent judgments, creativity, flexibility in behavior, and the ability to reflect on one’s experiences.

For the psychologist, such emotional manifestations of the personality as ease, naturalness and sincerity in communication, resistance to stress, emotional stability, and the ability to empathize are important.

The necessary volitional qualities of a psychologist include perseverance, patience, self-control.

Among the necessary personal properties of a practical psychologist include the ability to empathy (empathy), the ability to understand the state of the client.
However, the ability to maintain a certain distance is also important. If this psycho-hygienic rule is not observed, the psychologist may experience a syndrome of combustion and communicative overload.

A necessary quality of a practical psychologist is confidence in behavior with a client. Otherwise, he will not deserve the trust of the client.

At the same time, the absence of excessive self-confidence and faith in the infallibility of their psychological conclusions is important. The tactlessness of a psychologist is manifested in his tendency to ascribe to his profession super-significance and exceptionalism. Demonstrative behavior and narcissism of the psychologist repels the client.

It is important for a professional psychologist to have adequate self-esteem, to understand the individual characteristics of his personality, his abilities, strengths and weaknesses of character. At the same time, it is useful to know how to compensate for your own personal shortcomings.

Summarizing the numerous studies of professionally important personality traits of psychotherapists and psychologists (A. Kosevska, 1990; S. Kratohvil, 1973; M. Lieberman, 1966; K. Rogers, 1954; Slavson, 1962; Yalom, 1973 and others), I. Vachkov, etc. IN. identified the following personality traits desirable for a practical psychologist:

• concentration on the client, desire and ability to help him;

• openness to opinions and opinions that are different from one's own, flexibility and tolerance;

• empathy, sensitivity, the ability to create an atmosphere of emotional comfort;

• authenticity of behavior, that is, the ability to present genuine emotions and feelings to the group;

• enthusiasm and optimism, faith in the ability of group members to change and develop;

• balance, tolerance to frustration and uncertainty, a high level of self-regulation;

• self-confidence, positive self-attitude, adequate self-esteem, awareness of one’s own conflict areas, needs, motives;

• rich imagination, intuition;

• high level of intelligence.

K. Rudestam writes about the interconnection of personality traits, theoretical attitudes and management styles of a group psychotherapist (these words, in our opinion, can be attributed to any practical psychologist): he “must be partly an artist, partly a scientist, combining feelings and intuition with a professional knowledge of methods and concepts. On the one hand, with the development of self-awareness, the growth of experience and knowledge about group and individual dynamics, the reliability of intuition increases. The conceptual framework, the method of comprehension by the leader of the elements of behavior he observes, can serve as the basis for him to test the feelings and reliability of intuition. On the other hand, the conceptual framework and methods used without taking into account intuition and feelings can lead to a rigid, inflexible leadership style. ”

MODEL OF ACTIVITY OF A PRACTICAL PSYCHOLOGIST

BY ALLEN-ABRAMOVA

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Personal qualities of a psychologist

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