Licensed books on medicine
<< Previous || Next >> |
Research methods and organization
In the theoretical part of the thesis, we considered the current state of knowledge of the stated research topic. It has been found that in foreign and domestic psychology the degree of knowledge of the problem of the professional orientation of the personality is, on the one hand, rather high; on the other, there are quite serious difficulties with the conceptual apparatus and the formation of a general harmonious theory.
In the process of forming research tasks, it became necessary to conduct an experimental study in order to confirm the hypothesis of a thesis. Now, in the practical part, combining objective and subjective research methods, we find out that if self-esteem has different levels of formation, then this should be reflected in the level of professional orientation of the student.
We examined 55 fifth-year students of the Faculty of Psychology of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University. The subjects were motivated to participate in the study by receiving feedback in the form of providing results to each subject and the necessary explanations. The level of concentration of the subjects can be characterized as sufficient, since the study took place in the interval from 9 to 14 hours.
1) As a diagnostic tool, revealing the level of professional orientation, we used the methodology for diagnosing the level of professional orientation of students, developed by T.D. Dubovitskaya (Appendix 1).
The essence of the psychodiagnostic procedure was that the subjects were asked to answer a test questionnaire, which consists of 20 judgments and the proposed answer options that allows you to determine the level of students' professional orientation, expressed in the desire to master the profession and the desire to work on it.
High test results indicate that the student is committed to mastering a chosen profession, he likes the profession; he wants to work in the future and further improve in this profession; in his free time he is engaged in affairs related to the future profession; has a circle of acquaintances - specialists in the field of the chosen profession; considers his profession a matter of his life.
Low indicators indicate that the student is forced to study at this faculty; admission to this university is not due to interest in a future profession and a desire to work in the specialty received, but to other reasons; he does not see anything good for himself in his future profession; wants, if possible, to change it, get another specialty and work on it.
2) To study self-esteem in the work, the following methodology was used: Test questionnaire “Your self-esteem” by B. I. Dodonov (Appendix 3). The proposed technique allows to identify self-esteem. Here, a person can evaluate himself, his abilities, qualities and places among other people, conditionally and unconditionally. Self-esteem refers to the basic personality traits. It is she who largely determines the relationship with others, criticality, exactingness for oneself, attitude to success and failure.
Experience with the test questionnaire shows that this technique is a fairly reliable and informative tool for identifying self-esteem.
Test - questionnaire, consists of 32 judgments, for which there are five possible answers, each of which is encoded by points according to the scheme.
Test progress: The test subject is asked to answer test questions in accordance with the attached instructions. Five answers are possible for each of the judgments according to the degree of intensity (very often, often, sometimes, rarely, never). The instructions on the questionnaire usually do not require any further clarification or comment. The survey is carried out individually or in groups. We chose this text because it is easy to assimilate tasks, does not require special preparation, does not take much time to conduct, this test already offers a system of pre-thought out questions, the answers to which make a conclusion on the psychological qualities of the subjects.
The choice of these two methods is determined by the topic, purpose and hypothesis of the study, according to which we determine the presence or absence of a relationship between self-esteem and professional orientation.
The next stage was the mathematical and statistical processing of the obtained data, allowing us to draw a conclusion on the problem of interest to us.
Quantitative analysis of the data was carried out in the Microsoft Excel program and was implemented by calculating the degree of consistency of changes in characteristics using the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (rS).
The selection of the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient is based on the recommendation of E. V. Sidorenko [52, p. 32], which, considering the classification of psychological problems and methods for solving them, suggests this criterion to identify the degree of coordination of changes.
Due to the fact that the experimental data obtained using the methods of T. D. Dubovitskaya and B. I. Dodonov are presented in an ordinal scale (this scale classifies attributes based on the criterion “more - less”), they should be ranked. Note that for the data to be presented in the interval scale, it is necessary that this scale be graduated in units of standard deviation [52, P. 15]. The scales of T. D. Dubovitskaya and B. I. Dodonov do not satisfy this condition. The ranked data make it possible to use the Spearman rank correlation coefficient, the value of which is the basis for fixing the presence or absence of a relationship between the students' examined qualities. A particular value of the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient characterizes the tightness of the relationship between the characters, which can be estimated on the Chaddock scale [36, p. 78] (Table 1)
Chaddock scale for assessing the tightness of the relationship between parameters
The non-zero value of the Spearman rank correlation coefficient does not mean yet that the relationship between the evaluated attributes is statistically significant. To assess the reliability of this coefficient, t - student criterion is used. It should be noted that the use of Student's t-test for assessing the reliability of the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient without any restrictions is permissible only when the data are quantitative (i.e., presented on the scale of equal relations). For high-quality data when applying t-student criterion, it is necessary that the conditions of normality of the first and second distributions of ranked data are provided, as well as the requirement of equality of their variances [36, C. 80].
Therefore, the next step in the mathematical processing of experimental data is to verify the above conditions. In this case, to test the hypothesis of normality of the distribution, the Pearson criterion? 2 is used [16, p. 251]. Testing the hypothesis of equality of variances is implemented using the Fisher criterion [16, p. 207].
After accepting the hypotheses about the normality of the distribution of ranked data and the equality of their variances t, Student's test allows us to conclude that the statistical significance (or lack of statistical significance) of the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient.
Note that, in general, the reliability and reliability of the correlation conclusions of the experimental study were provided by the following factors.
1. The requirement of uniformity of objects was observed. This was achieved by simultaneously performing all measurements and observing a strict sequence of filling out questionnaires.
2. The requirement of a sufficient number of observations was observed. The total number of observations is 55.
3. The reliability of the correlation coefficient was assessed using t - student criterion.
In the next section, we present the empirical results of the psychological data studied.
| << Previous || Next >> |
| = Skip to textbook content = |
Research methods and organization
- Organization and research methods
Subject of study: psychological characteristics of the personality of military men and women. Object of study: a sample of 20 people (10 women in the military service and 10 men also in the service). The purpose of the study: to identify the psychological characteristics of women’s military personnel in comparison with military men. Steps Towards Achieving a Research Goal
- The problem, method and organization of research
Creating a theory of mental development in adolescence is one of the most urgent tasks. Without such a theory, a scientifically substantiated practice of not only communist upbringing, but also of teaching middle-school students - adolescents cannot be built. Theories of the mental development of a teenager should reveal the main neoplasm of this period, explain the process of its development,
- “Organization, basic methods and techniques of conflict research in military collectives”
Training issues: 1. Organization of conflict research. 2. Methods of studying the features of conflict interaction. Question 1. The conflict is explained by an infinite number of characteristics, but only a part of these characteristics matter. Tasks solved by diagnostics: 1. The need to have methods and techniques for assessing conflict 2. Have a clear idea of
- ORGANIZATION AND METHODS OF RESEARCH IN PSYCHOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT AND AGE PSYCHOLOGY
ORGANIZATION AND METHODS OF RESEARCH IN PSYCHOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT AND AGE
- 38. RESEARCH, OBJECTIVE RESEARCH, LABORATORY AND INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF RESEARCH IN DISEASES OF THE Pancreas
Patients with diseases of the pancreas (pancreas) may complain of abdominal pain, as well as dyspeptic symptoms and general weakness. Pain is most often localized in the upper abdomen, mainly in the epigastric region or left hypochondrium, radiating to the back, left shoulder. They can be acute, intense, girdling, with radiation to the lumbar region,
- THE METHOD OF “Slices” AND THE METHOD OF STEP-BY-STEP FORMING IN THE STUDY OF CHILD'S THINKING
A comparison of our ideas with the ideas of J. Piaget is of great importance to us, for we also proceed from action as the central problem of mental life and psychology. We recognize that from a general biological point of view, the psyche is an auxiliary apparatus of behavior; Moreover, we believe that mental processes are nothing more than sublimated objective actions, and images -
- Research organization
The study was carried out in several stages: The first stage - preliminary (2000-2001) - the study and analysis of domestic and foreign literature on the problem of psychological time, life • path, life prospects of a person, psychological characteristics of participants in local wars; understanding of the methodological and theoretical provisions of the study; definition of an object, subject,
- “Scope, organization and research methods”
The second chapter of the dissertation includes data on the volume, conditions and methods of the dissertation research. Solving the problems of the thesis was carried out in the course of a comprehensive psychological study, including the study of psychological readiness for activity in extreme situations, psychological and acmeological qualities of a person and the results of the effectiveness of sports activities 786
- “Scope, organization and research methods”
The second chapter of the dissertation includes data on the volume, conditions and methods of the dissertation research. The dissertation work was carried out in the course of a comprehensive psychological and acmeological study, which included the study of psychological readiness for adolescent activity with delinquent behavior in a specialized enterprise, psychological and acmeological qualities
- Empirical study design
Essential for developmental psychology is the organization (construction) of empirical research. The method of slicing is most specific in relation to the tasks of developmental psychology. The method of slices as a whole is a statement (measurement) of the state of the object at different stages of its development. A cross-sectional study can be organized in two ways: according to the principle