Licensed books on medicine
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Myth 1. Some people do not succumb to hypnosis.
Disclaimer: The only reason for which it is impossible to hypnotize a person is a low IQ or brain damage. However, this does not mean that any hypnotherapist can hypnotize anyone. Most flexible hypnotherapists can be effective with a large number of people. Hypnotherapist can not do without the interaction with the patient, because no one can be hypnotized against their will.
Myth 2. Under hypnosis, a person completely loses control of himself.
Disclaimer: Hypnosis does not deprive a person of willpower and does not interfere with distinguishing good from evil. It is believed that, subconsciously, a person cannot do badly to himself, since he initially wants good for himself. In the state of hypnosis, the external world does not cease to exist, and, if necessary, the human reaction to it will be adequate, consistent with its internal principles. During a trance, a person is not immobilized or paralyzed, he knows where he is during the whole time. A person can change position, scratch, sneeze or cough. He can open his eyes and get out of a trance at any time, as soon as he wants. In a trance, a person can hear ambient sounds, such as a phone ringing. If he wishes, he can leave the trance and take some actions that are appropriate for the situation - pick up the phone and answer the call. A person remains constantly coordinated with respect to time, place, and the people who surround him.
Myth 3. All hypnosis is the same.
Disclaimer: Each session, despite the apparent similarity with others, is a completely unique experience. There are six levels of hypnosis. Some people move from one level to another during the same session. Others, reaching one stage, stop at it. In most cases, a person reaches an average level of hypnosis after two or three sessions and returns to him during all subsequent hypnotherapy sessions. While the results are favorable, the achievable depth of hypnosis does not play a big role.
Stage 1: Hypnoid. Feeling of physical lethargy. Heavy muscles and relaxed nerves. Thoughts wander. State of sleepiness.
Stage 2: light hypnosis. Muscular reactions to suggestion. Eyes roll. The patient responds to the suggestion of stiffness of the hands (inflexible and rigid, like a steel bar). Consciousness is focused on suggestions.
Stage 3: Medium Hypnosis. The patient is deeply relaxed, cannot rise from a chair or bed, until a doctor asks for it. The patient answers only questions of the doctor.
Stage 4: deep hypnosis. Partial amnesia (loss of memory) may occur at the time of awakening. Analgesia (pain immunity) or high sensory sensitivity are not excluded. Works well posthypnotic suggestion.
Stage 5: Somnambulism. Possible complete amnesia and analgesia. Positive hallucinations. Return to childish behaviors. Moving thoughts in the direction of future events.
Stage 6: deep somnambulism. In addition to the above, the patient may have negative hallucinations. Posthypnotic suggestions are perceived as commands.
The first three stages, from hypnoidal to the intermediate trance stage, are called preparatory. At these levels, the patient remembers everything the hypnotherapist said. Many even doubt that they were hypnotized. In the process of the first three stages, correction of habits and behavior modification takes place. In the last three stages, from deep hypnosis to somnambulism, the patient does not remember the words spoken by the psychotherapist.
Deep stages of hypnosis are useful in surgical operations, childbirth, dental treatment, and correction of the effects of psychological trauma, such as rape. However, about 80% of the time of hypnosis is spent on behavior modification, for example, getting rid of bad habits or reducing pain thresholds. Deep hypnosis in such cases is not necessary.
Myth 4. The depth of trance at the time of hypnotic suggestion should be as high as possible.
Disclaimer: Not necessarily. A deep trance level helps to get the necessary response to hypnotic suggestion, but a light trance may be just as effective if the suggestions are repeated several times.
Myth 5. If the therapist’s voice is not heard, the patient is not under hypnosis.
Disclaimer: The patient may not hear the voice of the therapist - it depends on the level of immersion in the hypnotic trance. At deep levels of immersion, the perception of the surrounding reality changes, and the patient can interpret the voice of the therapist as his own voice or the voice of a friend, one of his relatives, in any case he remains in contact with the therapist.
Myth 6. You can not get out from under hypnosis.
Disclaimer: No one has ever remained under hypnosis forever. However, some people like to enjoy a deep level of trance, so they don’t really want to go back. Imagine a state where your body is completely relaxed and there is no need to pay attention to it, and your mind is completely free from the stresses accompanying everyday life and you can get the experience of being in any of your most intimate dreams. Perhaps for the first time you will experience absolute freedom and happiness. You feel better than ever, and therefore you have no desire to leave this state.
Myth 7. In a situation that is defined as hypnotic, people can indulge in activities that are alien to them in a normal state.
Disclaimer: Hypnotherapists have often found that individuals (those who have good trans ability) are more susceptible to trance suggestions. However, despite the fact that in a situation defined as hypnosis, people can perform some kind of harmless, unusual action, they are unlikely to take part in serious or criminal activities. If someone, for example, is capable, while under hypnosis on the stage, to bark like a dog, then it is unlikely that he has robbed someone or killed him. Although an experienced hypnotist who correctly chooses circumstances and individually works with a suitable client, can plunge him into an internal conflict, suggesting a forbidden action, there remains a very high probability that the individual will successfully resist the suggestion.
Myth 8. Hypnosis is a therapy.
Disclaimer: Hypnosis is only an auxiliary technique and should always be used in the context of professional activity. For this reason, in clinical practice, most professionals prefer the term hypnotherapist. Hypnosis should not be practiced outside of anyone's professional competence.
Myth 9. With the help of hypnosis, you can help people more accurately remember everything that happened to them in the past.
Denial: This is a very recent and particularly pernicious myth. Although hypnosis was used for this purpose in some cases, the accuracy of the recovered information cannot be judged without supporting it with facts. Our consciousness is the source of both memory and creativity, and is characterized by the ability to create fantasies and non-existent memories.
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