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Myths and psychological realities

There are topics that are not simple, not unambiguous, among them, as I see it, is the topic of myth and its role in human psychology. In the conventional understanding, myth is an ancient legend, a symbolic tale, a cautionary tale or a kindred story, the wisdom of ancestors, encoded into a narrative that is filled with deepest meanings. According to generally accepted collective ideas, a myth is the creation of the imagination of a collective nationwide or individual fantasy, a generalized reflection of reality in the form of sensually-specific personifications and animate, humanized beings, which in some people are refracted (transformed) into consciousness as completely real. I also want to talk about myths in terms of their manifestation in the mental world of man.

The basis of any civilization are myths. Apparently, initially man needed a myth, because the myth arose in the course of human development. In particular, it is known that already from the time of the Paleolithic, the ancient people resorted to rites at burials, i.e. they had their own myths! The myth allowed the ancient man "to seize" reality, to fight the fears of the unknown, before his death, to explain things to himself, to gain understanding. For an ancient person, the myth could contain everything: meaning, history, lifestyle, training, education, community management, rules and rules of life, methods and techniques of actions, protection. Ancient people lived as if from the myth itself, reproducing in their everyday reality what the myth carried in itself, living the myth from within itself.

But not only an archaic person needs a myth. Apparently, this is the way a person is - he has little simple participation in life events, he wants explanations, interpretations of what is happening to him, expressions of what he feels, understanding. After all, to explain, means, in some measure to master it and find ways to control it. Then, the person wants to explain in order to justify something, or, conversely, to condemn something, to have some kind of reference system, without which human life is unthinkable. We are waiting for clarification, and it is for this purpose that we are looking for acceptable ways of understanding and generalizing the visible and perceived reality. Feelings add up to some image, the combined images are associated with each other, as well as with the alleged sources of these images, then it all translates into a form that gives some explanation for what is happening. And from the set of forms, long chains of sequences of various meanings are built up later, which becomes the basis for the formulation and reformulation of certain myths (generalized images and representations). It is possible that without myths, human life would be boring, incoherent and inexpressive, myth fills us with inspiration and vitality!

It is known that each era has its own myths. In a retrospective look at the history of mankind, we can see how the dominance of a particular mythology reflected in the political and cultural events of the life of nations. The myth determined the cultural ideas of the people, the ways of management, influenced the socio-economic issues, the cultural traditions of the people, manifested in the architecture of buildings, agricultural rites.

And today, the myth is necessary for man. To gain meaning and understanding, to support in life, for beauty, and a lot more for which, I think, people create myths. Therefore, people think through myths, because need this. Imagine the birth of man. A child is born without any ideas, ideas are formed by him through interactions with the environment, thanks to the influence of parents, educators, the gradual assimilation of their models of life and behavior. Various images are accumulated in his memory, folding into whole pictures, with the development of a child undergoing interpretation and reflection, and as a result of this long internal work, step by step, a mythical picture is formed - his picture of the world. Of course, he is still not aware of it, but already reproduces it in his behavior and attitude towards the world around him.

In addition to the parental influences of early childhood, myths that dominate society are woven into the picture of the person’s world. The seeds of general social myths are sown in us, which, intertwined, are formed into bizarre combinations in the world perception of each person. From them, subjective truths are born and shaped in a person, something that he infinitely believes in, what follows in life, realizing it or not realizing it.

The myth, by virtue of its imagery, integrity, and syntheticity, has a great power of influence on the sphere of the unconscious, therefore its power over a person can be very strong and to some extent insurmountable. And in this case, myths, of course, people think (after all, Levi-Strauss is right).

In large measure, without being aware, myths can determine the life and even the fate of a person. A very important question in the psychological study of personality is what is the main myth leading a person through life, and is this main myth a question? After all, realizing their leading myths, a person thereby acquires a certain power over them, and therefore the ability to change his destiny, or at least modify it.


The leading myth of man defines a lot in his life. Our commitment to our own individualized myths affects our picture of the world, the basic existential values, makes us strive for certain goals, controls our attention, fixing it only on certain aspects of phenomena, ignoring others, affects our perception of the world. A person sees the world, painted with some special glow, inherent exclusively in his worldview.

You can put it this way, paraphrasing a famous saying, tell me what your myth is, and I will tell you who you are. The myth determines the structure of the life world, materializing in certain life plots of a person. So, a person can change his place of residence, place of work, wives, and in fact living in different places and with different people the same plot. And the reason for this can be rooted in the imposition by this person of the same scheme on all their life situations and experiences.

The myth can be broadcast in the main life values ​​of a person, the achievement or avoidance of which is the content of his life, and which determine his strategy and trajectory of movement. Self-identification of a person, too, to a certain extent depends on the mythological scenes that inhabit the inner world of a person. If we talk about the style of a person, then the myth helps the personality to shape itself, give an external shape, a certain look, adds certain intonations to the voice, affects manners, the way to keep yourself in space.

Thus, it becomes clear how powerful and vital the influence of exactly which myths live and think with us can be. And therefore it makes sense to spare no time for exploring this phenomenon, for discovering oneself, namely, to find the key to one’s own life stories and performances.

When exercising self-knowledge, a person approaches an understanding of what moves him. And he can even see what is at the basis of his mythological picture of the world, discover the intricacies of his life plots, understand their meanings and laws. Perhaps the comprehension of symbolic images with which a person is identified will help him to understand his deepest motives hidden from his surface eyes, and from himself too.

From the position that myths live and think by us, the theme of development may sound like the theme of development and transformation of the myths underlying our personality. This is, first of all, the need to transform myths, the transformation of their quality from lower and coarse into higher quality, more appropriate to the personality of the person, contributing to his adequate interaction with reality, as well as the ability to live his life within the framework of the same fate, but at a higher quality level. We perceive life experience and organize it through myths and mythological structures. Thus, the process of changing a person is associated with the process of transforming his mythological system.

This process is very complex and lengthy, actually life long. A person begins to differentiate his own mythological structures, which is called separating the wheat from the chaff. The process of identifying actual and perceived materials, as well as personal, social and generic programs, value contradictions, distortions in their own perception and understanding of the world begins. An important moment comes when a person can no longer be in the framework of generally accepted mythological and ethical systems, but begins to search for a mythology that meets his inner individual needs and needs, which will illuminate his life and help develop his own handwriting in life. It is very important for a person to feel his sense of “I”, for its integration into the life process. At the same time, naturally, given and respecting the ethics of the surrounding reality.

To the extent that a person masters the process of his own myth-making, to the same extent his life becomes saturated, interesting, creative, filled with content, then in his life there are less and less boring and empty moments, those that I want to rather scroll through and forget. .

In addition, through the ability to create and initiate in their inner space adequate and creatively working myths, a person gets the opportunity to use his potential abilities, this is access to the inner, deep and creative resources of a person. This makes it possible to live life situations in an unusual, non-stereotypical way, to be unconventional in various situations, to create and create something expressive and corresponding to the individuality of a person.

A person at some point ceases to demand something from the world, from those around him, and begins to feel that the force is in him. And he begins to work inside himself, he refines and refines his taste, begins to realize his experiences, because understands that a lot depends on it. And suddenly there is a transformation of the world (and in fact, this man himself has changed)! And a person opens a new page in his own life, starting to create a new myth about his life and about life in general.
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