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Myth: Stress can not cause real harm to my health, because it exists only in imagination.

Fact: Stress affects not only mental processes, but also physiological ones. A disease that develops as a result of stress can be a real health hazard. Examples are angina pectoris, hypertension, immunodeficiency, peptic ulcer disease, etc.

Myth: Only weak people suffer from stress.

Fact: Quite the contrary. The most severe stress is usually experienced active volitional individuals who set themselves difficult goals and strive to achieve them in the minimum amount of time. A high level of aspirations causes overload, overload leads to stress.

Myth: I cannot be responsible for the stress in my life, since stress in our time is inevitable and we are all its victims.

Fact: The vast majority of stress is caused by psychological causes, each of which contains two components. One of them is a situation that causes stress, the second is a person’s attitude to this situation. Stress reaction is triggered not so much by what happens to a person as to what he thinks about it, i.e. most often the cause of stress are the thoughts of the person.

Myth: I always know when I feel excessive stress.

Fact: This is not always the case. Stress is a battle or flight response. Its mission is to ensure survival in extreme conditions when it is necessary to act, and not to think or feel. Therefore, the more stress, the less a person is able to feel it. Under very severe stress, the symptoms of stress usually appear after the threat has passed and the tension has begun to diminish.

Myth: To establish the causes of stress is easy.

Fact: This statement is true for low stress, when stress symptoms appear immediately after exposure to a factor. But under severe stress, as already mentioned in the refutation of the previous myth, the signs of stress do not develop until its cause disappears. In such situations, the search for the causes of stress becomes much more complicated.

Myth: All people respond to stress the same way.

Fact: Absolutely wrong. Every person is unique. Each has its own particular causes of stress, symptoms, its own ways to overcome stress, etc. Although the stress response develops according to certain laws that are common to all people, the manifestations of stress in different people can be completely different.

Myth: The only thing you need to do in case of excessive stress is just to rest.

Fact: If a person cannot get rid of excess stress, a weekend or a vacation will not bring a significant result. To learn how to effectively cope with excessive stress, it is often necessary to take a special course of relaxation training or other techniques.

Myth: A happy life should be free from stress.

Fact: Happiness involves the achievement of goals that a person sets for himself. To achieve the goal, you need to overcome a number of obstacles, and any struggle is stress. Therefore, a happy life cannot be free from stress. A happy person knows how to control the level of tension in his body and knows how to direct this tension towards the achievement of his goals.

Myth: A person can always adapt to difficult circumstances if he tries well.

Fact: Not always the case.
Firstly, in some cases, a person can create and maintain a high level of stress by his own actions. In this case, a simple decrease in activity will automatically reduce stress. Secondly, the possibilities of each person are limited, and in some situations no, even the most intensive efforts come to nothing. If circumstances are stronger, sometimes it is better to retreat than to waste time and energy.

Myth: The less stress, the better.

Fact: Optional. On the one hand, a low level of stress over a long period of time inevitably leads to a decrease in resistance to stress, and subsequently even moderate stress is difficult to tolerate. On the other hand, too low a level of stress is another cause of stress, since for a normal, full-fledged life requires some optimal level of stress. If it is lower (or higher) than the usual norm, the body must make additional efforts to adapt to it, and any adaptation is always associated with stress.

Myth: The purpose of anti-stress programs is the complete elimination of stress.

Fact: Stress cannot be completely eliminated. As Hans Selye, founder of the theory of stress, said, only death can be completely free from stress. Stress is a part of life. The purpose of anti-stress programs is to control stress levels and stress management in order to give the body time to recover and not allow prolonged stress to cause serious problems.

Myth: Any stress is bad.

Fact: Even severe stress can be both harmful and beneficial. As for the moderate level of stress, it often helps us to cope with new circumstances, to prevent trouble, to achieve maximum results in work or school, to complete work in time. In other words, moderate stress is more often more beneficial than harmful.

Myth: Only adults are affected by stress.

Fact: The mechanisms of stress response in children and adolescents are exactly the same as in adults. The causes of stress in childhood may be different, but the results are the same. Children and adolescents have the same risk of developing stress-related disorders as adults.

Myth: Exercise consumes energy that could be used to combat stress.

Fact: This statement has no physiological basis. Stress is a battle or flight response. The most natural way out for accumulated stress is physical activity. If you didn’t manage to avoid stress, move around - and your body will feel better, the level of stress will decrease, and strength will increase.

Myth: People with a predisposition to stress, it is pointless to deal with it.

Fact: Indeed, some genetic, biological and social factors cause a higher level of stress. For example, inherited choleric temperament (genetic factor), the need for treatment with thyroid hormones (biological factor) or life in a large city (social factor) inevitably increase the number, strength and duration of stress. However, this does not mean that in such conditions it is useless to try to manage stress. On the contrary, in this case, the use of modern methods can be very effective.
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    Myths about stress, suicide, violence, loss of family
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