Licensed books on medicine
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Myth: Stress can not cause real harm to my health, because it exists only in imagination.
Fact: Stress affects not only mental processes, but also physiological ones. A disease that develops as a result of stress can be a real health hazard. Examples are angina pectoris, hypertension, immunodeficiency, peptic ulcer disease, etc.
Myth: Only weak people suffer from stress.
Fact: Quite the contrary. The most severe stress is usually experienced active volitional individuals who set themselves difficult goals and strive to achieve them in the minimum amount of time. A high level of aspirations causes overload, overload leads to stress.
Myth: I cannot be responsible for the stress in my life, since stress in our time is inevitable and we are all its victims.
Fact: The vast majority of stress is caused by psychological causes, each of which contains two components. One of them is a situation that causes stress, the second is a person’s attitude to this situation. Stress reaction is triggered not so much by what happens to a person as to what he thinks about it, i.e. most often the cause of stress are the thoughts of the person.
Myth: I always know when I feel excessive stress.
Fact: This is not always the case. Stress is a battle or flight response. Its mission is to ensure survival in extreme conditions when it is necessary to act, and not to think or feel. Therefore, the more stress, the less a person is able to feel it. Under very severe stress, the symptoms of stress usually appear after the threat has passed and the tension has begun to diminish.
Myth: To establish the causes of stress is easy.
Fact: This statement is true for low stress, when stress symptoms appear immediately after exposure to a factor. But under severe stress, as already mentioned in the refutation of the previous myth, the signs of stress do not develop until its cause disappears. In such situations, the search for the causes of stress becomes much more complicated.
Myth: All people respond to stress the same way.
Fact: Absolutely wrong. Every person is unique. Each has its own particular causes of stress, symptoms, its own ways to overcome stress, etc. Although the stress response develops according to certain laws that are common to all people, the manifestations of stress in different people can be completely different.
Myth: The only thing you need to do in case of excessive stress is just to rest.
Fact: If a person cannot get rid of excess stress, a weekend or a vacation will not bring a significant result. To learn how to effectively cope with excessive stress, it is often necessary to take a special course of relaxation training or other techniques.
Myth: A happy life should be free from stress.
Fact: Happiness involves the achievement of goals that a person sets for himself. To achieve the goal, you need to overcome a number of obstacles, and any struggle is stress. Therefore, a happy life cannot be free from stress. A happy person knows how to control the level of tension in his body and knows how to direct this tension towards the achievement of his goals.
Myth: A person can always adapt to difficult circumstances if he tries well.
Fact: Not always the case.
Firstly, in some cases, a person can create and maintain a high level of stress by his own actions. In this case, a simple decrease in activity will automatically reduce stress. Secondly, the possibilities of each person are limited, and in some situations no, even the most intensive efforts come to nothing. If circumstances are stronger, sometimes it is better to retreat than to waste time and energy.
Myth: The less stress, the better.
Fact: Optional. On the one hand, a low level of stress over a long period of time inevitably leads to a decrease in resistance to stress, and subsequently even moderate stress is difficult to tolerate. On the other hand, too low a level of stress is another cause of stress, since for a normal, full-fledged life requires some optimal level of stress. If it is lower (or higher) than the usual norm, the body must make additional efforts to adapt to it, and any adaptation is always associated with stress.
Myth: The purpose of anti-stress programs is the complete elimination of stress.
Fact: Stress cannot be completely eliminated. As Hans Selye, founder of the theory of stress, said, only death can be completely free from stress. Stress is a part of life. The purpose of anti-stress programs is to control stress levels and stress management in order to give the body time to recover and not allow prolonged stress to cause serious problems.
Myth: Any stress is bad.
Fact: Even severe stress can be both harmful and beneficial. As for the moderate level of stress, it often helps us to cope with new circumstances, to prevent trouble, to achieve maximum results in work or school, to complete work in time. In other words, moderate stress is more often more beneficial than harmful.
Myth: Only adults are affected by stress.
Fact: The mechanisms of stress response in children and adolescents are exactly the same as in adults. The causes of stress in childhood may be different, but the results are the same. Children and adolescents have the same risk of developing stress-related disorders as adults.
Myth: Exercise consumes energy that could be used to combat stress.
Fact: This statement has no physiological basis. Stress is a battle or flight response. The most natural way out for accumulated stress is physical activity. If you didn’t manage to avoid stress, move around - and your body will feel better, the level of stress will decrease, and strength will increase.
Myth: People with a predisposition to stress, it is pointless to deal with it.
Fact: Indeed, some genetic, biological and social factors cause a higher level of stress. For example, inherited choleric temperament (genetic factor), the need for treatment with thyroid hormones (biological factor) or life in a large city (social factor) inevitably increase the number, strength and duration of stress. However, this does not mean that in such conditions it is useless to try to manage stress. On the contrary, in this case, the use of modern methods can be very effective.
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- Myths about stress, suicide, violence, loss of family (divorce)
Myths about stress, suicide, violence, loss of family
- The effects of stress on human mental activity in difficult conditions. The process of stress formation.
The concepts of "stress" and "mental tension" are used as synonyms for the characterization of human mental activity in difficult conditions. Stress is the nonspecific response of the body to the increased demands on it. By requirements are meant all the effects, or stressors, that lead to a change in the activity of the organism. This may be a change in social status, and
- Communication under stress. Socio-psychological stress syndrome
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- Phases of stress development (stress syndromes)
Psychological and psychophysiological studies of stress with extreme factors of different nature and different duration allowed us to identify a number of forms of adaptive activity (each of which was characterized by a large number of symptoms belonging to any one class of manifestations of human activity). forms of “general adaptation syndrome” that can be
- People say that stress stops the release of milk, so how can we breastfeed in difficult times, full of stress?
In societies where women never doubt their ability to breastfeed, mothers breastfed their children throughout the ages during famines and wars and saved their lives. In the same societies where artificial feeding has become widespread, and faith in breastfeeding has fallen, women are breastfed even less frequently during emergencies. Humanitarian workers,
- Myths about psychoanalysis
During the revival of psychoanalysis in Russia, these myths seemed natural due to the closeness of the topic in our country. Now more than 10 years have passed since psychoanalysis came out of the underground - a huge number of books on psychoanalysis were published, psychoanalysis institutions and psychoanalysis faculties appeared in many universities, the National Federation of Psychoanalysis was established, practitioners appeared
- Myths and psychological realities
There are topics that are not simple, not unambiguous, among them, as I see it, is the topic of myth and its role in human psychology. In the conventional understanding, myth is an ancient legend, a symbolic tale, a cautionary tale or a kindred story, the wisdom of ancestors, encoded into a narrative that is filled with deepest meanings. According to generally accepted collective ideas, the myth is to create
- Myths and realities of adolescence
I’m not mistaken if I say that of all the periods of a child’s development, the most puzzling, difficult and even dangerous is adolescence. This is the very period that brings the biggest headache to parents and teachers, ordinary people and law enforcement agencies. This is the very period that gave rise to the concepts of “the problem of fathers and children” and “the conflict of generations”. Finally, this is the same age in relation to which
- Myths about psychologists
A psychologist himself is like a dentist himself. It hurts, it is inconvenient and fraught with complications ... Popular wisdom Not so many years have passed, as in our country, in general, the word “psychology” and such a profession as a psychologist became widely known. At the same time, the popularity of everything connected with psychology is enormous - this is also indicated by the competition for psycho-sexes (it is fashionable to be a psychologist), and the amount of “popular”
- Myths and symbols as regulators of combat behavior
Myths and symbols are important mechanisms for regulating the behavior of combatants. Myth (from the Greek. Mythos - the legend, the tale) - the story of the gods, spirits, idolized heroes and first ancestors, originated in primitive society. They are intertwined with the early elements of religion, philosophy, science and art. Myths in a figurative sense - false, non-critical, divorced from
- Myths about losing weight
Every woman, secretly or obviously dreaming of losing weight, at the preparatory stage for this event is faced with, alas, all of us inherent, laziness, unwillingness to “deprive” of something. The treacherous thoughts arise by themselves: “Don't, don't lose weight, you are so beautiful! What about our favorite steaks? You have so little joy in your life, do you want to deprive us of the latter? In the end, after two months you have
- MYTHS ABOUT VIOLENCE IN GENERAL
Myth: Once offended, a person remains forever an offender, once struck, can not stop. Facts: you can always stop the power of another force or teach people the skills of non-aggressive behavior, if he wants it. Myth: People who abuse others are losers and cannot cope with stress and their own life problems. Facts: a state of stress early or
- Sexual myths
The image of an intangible sniper sometimes escaped from the subconscious of the soldiers, acquiring mystery. Rumors turned into legends, for example, about Lithuanian snipers in white tights. And here is another legend. On TV screens, many saw in reports from Chechnya a sniper caught: a large blonde girl with an embarrassingly lecherous smile, clumsy in wadded soldier's pants. Hired by the militants, she