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Scientific psychology

The third source of psychological knowledge is science. For many centuries, scientific and psychological knowledge has developed in the framework of philosophy, medicine, pedagogy and other sciences. In the second half of the XIX century, psychology became an independent science and during the XX century accumulated a huge amount of knowledge. Scientific psychology is aimed at the search for patterns of mental phenomena, uses the methods of science, which are characterized by objectivity and give greater reliability of the knowledge gained. To describe the human mental world, scientists use abstract scientific categories, such as, for example, activity, individual, personality, communication, ability ... Rationalism and intellectualism are characteristic of scientific and psychological knowledge; the lack of concreteness and the lack of integrity in the description of mental phenomena are two main difficulties in the way of their practical application.
Features of scientific and psychological knowledge - their generalization, systematicity, evidence, reliance on scientific facts and concepts. At the same time, this knowledge is presented in a specific language of scientific psychology, understandable only to professional psychologists, but not always practical and available in presentation for an unprepared user. Therefore, science often cannot satisfy people's need for psychological knowledge for everyday practical needs. Scientific psychology is often called academic. There is also a special area of ​​scientific psychology - applied psychology, which studies the ways of applying (applying) scientific and psychological knowledge to solve practical problems.
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Scientific psychology

  1. Developmental psychology and developmental psychology - an interdisciplinary branch of scientific knowledge
    In recent decades, developmental psychology (developmental psychology) has changed both in content and in interdisciplinary relationships. On the one hand, it exerts influence on other scientific disciplines, and on the other, it itself is influenced by them, assimilating everything that expands its substantive content. Biology, genetics, developmental physiology. These disciplines are important above all.
  2. Features of psychology as a science. Correlation of everyday and scientific psychology.
    There are two different areas of psychological knowledge - scientific and everyday, everyday psychology. If scientific psychology arose relatively recently, then everyday psychological knowledge has always been included in various types of human practice. The fundamental condition for the existence of man is a certain conscious representation of the world around him and his place in it. The study
  3. Scientific psychology
    For many centuries, scientific and psychological knowledge has accumulated in the framework of philosophy, biology, medicine, pedagogy, sociology and other sciences related to the study of man. In the second half of the 19th century, psychology became an independent science. Since then, she has developed a large number of her own methods of scientific knowledge aimed at studying facts, patterns, and mechanisms.
  4. Scientific activities of professional psychologists
    Scientific psychology is one of the most important areas of activity of professional psychologists. Psychologists working in the field of scientific psychology conduct scientific research on mental phenomena, patterns of mental processes, conditions, properties. A feature of scientific research of the psyche is the objectivity and greater reliability of psychological knowledge. Research is aimed at finding
  5. Branches of scientific psychology
    As we recall, psychology became an independent science only at the end of the 19th century and during the 20th century accumulated such a huge amount of scientific knowledge about the world of psychic phenomena that psychologists themselves often do not quite clearly realize how much they know. Psychology has become a very ramified science, and specialists in one branch of psychology can no longer be sufficiently competent in another field.
  6. Scientific profession psychologists
    Scientific psychology is one of the most important areas of activity of professional psychologists. Psychologists working in the field of scientific psychology conduct scientific research on mental phenomena, patterns of mental processes, conditions, properties. A feature of scientific research of the psyche is the objectivity and greater reliability of psychological knowledge. Research aims to find new
  7. Branches of scientific psychology
    Modern psychology is a ramified system of industries, among which there are fundamental and applied, general and special. The fundamental branches of psychology are of general importance for understanding and explaining the psychology and behavior of people, no matter what specific activity they are engaged in. The main such industry is general psychology, which explores
  8. Lectures. Everyday and scientific practical psychology. Part 1, 2011
    Types of psychological knowledge. Classification of Sciences. Criteria of psychology as a science. The place of psychology in the system of sciences. The science. The main functions of science. The main stages of the formation of psychology as a science. Features of psychological science. The difference between scientific knowledge and other types of knowledge. Branches of psychology. Correlation of scientific and everyday psychology. Comparison of scientific and everyday psychology.
  9. Modern trends in the development of scientific psychology
    A characteristic feature of the development of scientific psychology in the second half of the 20th century was the gradual blurring of the boundaries between different scientific schools and directions. In new psychological theories and empirical studies, knowledge from various psychological concepts is increasingly integrating: behaviorism, gestalt psychology, psychoanalysis, genetic psychology, humanistic psychology, cognitive
  10. Scientific directions and schools of psychology
    A distinctive feature of psychological knowledge is the presence in it of a large number of scientific areas, schools and concepts. The mechanism of their design is different than the allocation of branches of psychology. Scientific trends differ in their subject, the problems studied, the conceptual structure, and explanatory schemes. The psychological reality of man appears in them from a certain angle of view. Some
  11. Scientific research as an activity of psychologists
    Research work in the field of fundamental and applied psychology is one of the most common and prestigious activities of professional psychologists. Psychologists working in the field of scientific psychology conduct scientific research on mental phenomena, patterns of mental processes, conditions, properties. Research aimed at finding new psychological
  12. Correlation of scientific and everyday psychology
    Long before the advent of scientific, everyday psychology developed, because each of us is a psychologist for ourselves. In the entire history of evolution, man has learned: to observe other people, to explain the reasons for their behavior. According to the American psychologist George Kelly, a person explores, studies others and constructs them in his mind. So, all nations have similar observations of people,
  13. The origins of scientific psychology
    Although for the following centuries philosophers and scientists continued to be interested in the functioning of both the mind and body, it is generally accepted that the foundation of scientific psychology was laid in 1879, when Wilhelm Wundt founded the first psychological laboratory at the University of Leipzig. The impetus for the foundation of the laboratory was the idea that the mind and behavior, like planets and chemical
  14. Psychology as a research activity
    The word "science" has several meanings: a special area of ​​human activity, a special way of knowing the world, a system of knowledge, a system of institutions and organizations. In addition to the scientific way of mastering reality, it is customary to single out ordinary knowledge, artistic knowledge and religious knowledge, each of which has its own specificity and performs important functions in human life.
  15. MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY AND PEDAGOGY AS A BRANCH OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE
    For a long time, theorists and practitioners of psychology and pedagogy have been arguing: what is primary to each other - psychology or pedagogy? Even in the title of textbooks one can often find different approaches - in one case, “Psychology and Pedagogy”, in the other, “Pedagogy and Psychology”. Who is right? Leaving behind each of the disputants the right to uphold their point of view, it nevertheless follows
  16. DIRECTIONS OF SCIENTIFIC PSYCHOLOGY IN WESTERN EUROPE AND THE USA
    The founder of scientific psychology is considered to be the famous German / researcher Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920), who opened in 1879 the world's first experimental psychological laboratory in Leipzig. Accordingly, this year is considered to be the year. * It is important to keep in mind that a number of authors expressed very unorthodox thoughts that found a consistent embodiment during the heyday of associationism.
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