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General understanding of science

The concept of "science" is quite ambiguous. Firstly, science is understood as a special sphere of human activity, the main function of which is the development of knowledge about the world, its systematization, on the basis of which it is possible to build an image of the world (the so-called scientific picture of the world) and build ways of interacting with the world (scientifically based practice). In this sense, we use the concept of "science", saying, for example, that someone is "engaged in scientific activities", "passionate about science", etc.

Secondly, science is understood as a special way of knowing the world, different, for example, from artistic or ordinary knowledge, that is, from art and life experience (as discussed below). In this sense, they speak of a scientific approach, the scientific nature of data, that something is scientifically established, etc.

Thirdly, by science we mean the very system of knowledge obtained as a result of research activities. In this sense, we are talking about the so-called Science with a capital letter (for example, “science claims to be ...”), physical science (that is, a system of knowledge developed by physics), biological science, etc.
e. The "body" of science in this sense is constituted by laws — open, stable connections between phenomena — the wording of which allows us to describe, explain, and predict the phenomena of objective reality.

Finally, fourthly, science is sometimes understood as a system of institutions and organizations (Academies, institutes, laboratories, professional communities, etc.), within the framework of which research activities are organized, conferences are convened, etc. In this sense, we use the term “Science,” for example, saying that someone is “employed in the field of science” or “is a worker in science” - by analogy with the fact that someone may be engaged in production or in trade.

Let us leave this final understanding out of the conversation. It will be primarily about science as a special way of knowing the world.
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General understanding of science

  1. GENERAL REPORT ON SCIENCE
    In general, science is understood as the sphere of human activity, the main function of which is the development of knowledge about the world, its systematization, on the basis of which it is possible to build an image of the world (the so-called scientific picture of the world) and build ways of interacting with the world (scientifically based practice). The "body" of science is constituted by laws - open, stable connections between phenomena, - the wording of which
  2. General idea of ​​the profession
    For starters, it’s useful to figure out what is generally considered a “profession." The famous psychologist E. A. Klimov examines various aspects of the concept of “profession” (Klimov, 1996. - pp. 145-205): 1. Profession as a community of people who deal with similar problems and lead approximately the same lifestyle (it is known that the profession is still leaves its “imprint” on a person’s entire life).
  3. GENERAL REPRESENTATION OF THE PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST
    GENERAL REPRESENTATION OF THE PROFESSION
  4. Understanding Group Psychotherapy
    In the proper sense of the word, the emergence of group psychotherapy was attributed to the years 1904-1905, linking this moment with the medical activities of I. V. Vyazemsky (Russia) and J. Pratt (USA). The theory of “animal magnetism” by Franz-Anton Mesmer, an Austrian physician practicing, should be considered the first attempt to give a scientific and theoretical explanation of the healing processes taking place in the group.
  5. General idea of ​​the profession “psychologist”
    The choice of a particular psychological profession presupposes a pronounced humanitarian orientation (orientation to a person with his problems), while many other professions also allow for more pragmatic orientations associated with making money, with the production of some goods, with the creation of some objects. But it is psychologists along with representatives of other humanitarian-oriented
  6. General idea of ​​personality development in the profession
    1. The problem of the “specialist model” and the individual style of psychologist’s activity The very idea of ​​a “specialist model”, especially when applied to such a creative and complex profession as a psychologist, is sometimes in doubt. Typically, the following rationale is given: it is impossible to squeeze into the "model" all the characteristics of professional activity (along with the need to improvise in work), and
  7. General idea of ​​personality development in the profession
    A.K. Markova distinguishes: 1) a model of an existing specialist and 2) a model of specialist training (based on an analysis of the educational activities of future specialists and their orientation on the model of a ready-made specialist). When describing the model of a ready-made specialist, the following stand out: a model of a specialist’s activity, as well as a model of a specialist’s personality. One of the most acute problems in compiling a “model
  8. General idea of ​​applied psychology and psychological practice
    Psychological problems permeate our whole life, that is, a psychologist can find application in almost all spheres of human life and not only humans (as you know, psychologists study the lives of animals, birds, fish, microorganisms, holistic ecological systems, etc.). But here immediately questions arise: who determines what problems a psychologist should deal with, and which
  9. General idea of ​​psychocorrection as a direction of practical psychology
    Psychological correction is defined as a directed psychological effect on certain psychological structures in order to ensure the full development and functioning of the person (Isurina G.L., 1990). Love dictate differences in the means and methods of psychocorrection. In the psychoanalytic approach, psychocorrectional work is aimed at alleviating the symptoms of internal
  10. GENERAL PRESENTATION ABOUT ANESTHESIOLOGY AND REANIMATOLOGY AS A SECTION OF MEDICINE OF CRITICAL CONDITIONS
    GENERAL PRESENTATION ABOUT ANESTHESIOLOGY AND REANIMATOLOGY AS A SECTION OF CRITICAL MEDICINE
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    Lecture No. 7 Topic: Environmental aspects of health and prospects for survival
  12. NEW MEDICINE IN A NEW SCIENCE
    Traditionally, the idea of ​​a new method of studying nature, the beginning of the science of the New Age is associated with the name of F. Bacon (1561-1626), the author of the famous essay "New Organon". In his writings, a program for the development of experimental science was developed. He did not disregard medicine. Let us dwell on some aspects of Bacon’s teachings regarding the prospects for its development. Talking about classification
  13. The connection of traditions and practice in medical science.
    A medical emblem is a conditional image that symbolizes the medical field, belonging to the medical profession, various branches in the field of medicine, and some individual medical specialties. There are a number of common medical emblems: 1) an image of a snake, including in combination with a bowl, with an Apollo tripod, a candle, a mirror, a staff; 2) the image of the heart on
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