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General idea of ​​the profession “psychologist”

The choice of a particular psychological profession presupposes a pronounced humanitarian orientation (orientation to a person with his problems), while many other professions also allow for more pragmatic orientations associated with making money, with the production of some goods, with the creation of some objects. But it is precisely psychologists, along with representatives of other humanitarian-oriented professions (teachers, social workers, doctors, etc.) that the interests of those people who have trusted them in the most essential questions — questions of the meaning of their life, questions of their development, and worthy behavior — should be put in the first place. in difficult life situations.

For starters, it’s useful to figure out what is generally considered a “profession." Famous psychologist E.A. Klimov? considers various aspects of the concept of "profession":

Profession as a community of people who deal with similar problems and lead about the same lifestyle (it is known that the profession still leaves its mark on a person’s life). Of course, the standard of living (given the commonality of the lifestyle itself) can vary among professionals with varying degrees of success (someone has learned to "make good money" for their work, while someone does not even strive for it, discovering other "joys" in the profession of psychologist ), but the basic system of values ​​among the representatives of the “psychologist” profession is approximately the same, which allows them to talk about one of their colleagues as a more or less established specialist.

Profession as an area of ​​application of forces is associated with the allocation (and refinement) of the object itself and the subject of professional activity of a psychologist. It also addresses the question in which areas of life a psychologist can realize himself as a professional.

Profession as an activity and area of ​​personality manifestation. It is often forgotten that professional activity not only allows you to “produce” some goods or services, first of all, it allows a person to realize his creative potential and creates the conditions for the development of this potential. A profession as a historically developing system. Interestingly, the word "profession" goes back to the Latin profiteri - "speak in public." “Thus, in the phenomenon of the profession, events that are the subject of both general and social psychology are primordially hidden,” notes E.A. Klimov.
Naturally, the profession itself changes depending on changes in the cultural and historical context, and, unfortunately, situations are possible where the original meaning of the profession can be significantly distorted. In particular. psychology, in its essence, focused on the development of a person’s unique personality, can be used in certain historical periods (“dark eras”) to openly manipulate the public consciousness and create in the minds of individual people the illusions of solving their problems (especially when these psychological problems are deliberately not associated with social problems).

Profession as a reality, creatively formed by the subject of labor (in our case, by the psychologist himself). This means that even the cultural-historical situation (era) is not totally dominant; much (though not all) depends on specific people. It is they who themselves must determine the place of their profession (and their personal "mission") in the social system, and not just do the work "according to instructions." It is thanks to specific psychologists that psychology develops as a science and practice. Probably, the true greatness of this or that psychologist is determined by how much he was able to contribute to the development of his science not so much “thanks” to the circumstances (and socio-economic conditions), but “contrary” to these circumstances. And the ideal option for creative self-realization in psychology is a situation where the psychologist can even use unfavorable circumstances for good. In general, the concept of “profession” includes the following characteristics: 1) it is a limited type of work, which for a psychologist inevitably involves cooperation with related specialists; 2) this is labor requiring special training and constant retraining (note that the profession of psychologist presupposes only higher education); 3) this is work performed for remuneration (this profession often differs from non-professional activities and leisure); 4) this is a socially useful work (this characteristic has not really been comprehended even by psychologists themselves); 5) it is work that gives a person a certain status in the community.

The profession of a psychologist implies the possibility of its self-realization in three main areas - in academic psychology, applied psychology and psychological practice.
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General idea of ​​the profession “psychologist”

  1. GENERAL REPRESENTATION OF THE PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST
    GENERAL REPRESENTATION OF THE PROFESSION
  2. General idea of ​​the profession
    For starters, it’s useful to figure out what is generally considered a “profession." The famous psychologist E. A. Klimov examines various aspects of the concept of “profession” (Klimov, 1996. - pp. 145-205): 1. Profession as a community of people who deal with similar problems and lead approximately the same lifestyle (it is known that the profession is still leaves its “imprint” on a person’s entire life).
  3. General idea of ​​personality development in the profession
    1. The problem of the “specialist model” and the individual style of psychologist’s activity The very idea of ​​a “specialist model”, especially when applied to such a creative and complex profession as a psychologist, is sometimes in doubt. Typically, the following rationale is given: it is impossible to squeeze into the "model" all the characteristics of professional activity (along with the need to improvise in work), and
  4. General idea of ​​personality development in the profession
    A.K. Markova distinguishes: 1) a model of an existing specialist and 2) a model of specialist training (based on an analysis of the educational activities of future specialists and their orientation on the model of a ready-made specialist). When describing the model of a ready-made specialist, the following stand out: a model of a specialist’s activity, as well as a model of a specialist’s personality. One of the most acute problems in compiling a “model
  5. General idea of ​​applied psychology and psychological practice
    Psychological problems permeate our whole life, that is, a psychologist can find application in almost all spheres of human life and not only humans (as you know, psychologists study the lives of animals, birds, fish, microorganisms, holistic ecological systems, etc.). But here immediately questions arise: who determines what problems a psychologist should deal with, and which
  6. General idea of ​​psychocorrection as a direction of practical psychology
    Psychological correction is defined as a directed psychological effect on certain psychological structures in order to ensure the full development and functioning of the person (Isurina G.L., 1990). Love dictate differences in the means and methods of psychocorrection. In the psychoanalytic approach, psychocorrectional work is aimed at alleviating the symptoms of internal
  7. GENERAL REPORT ON SCIENCE
    In general, science is understood as the sphere of human activity, the main function of which is the development of knowledge about the world, its systematization, on the basis of which it is possible to build an image of the world (the so-called scientific picture of the world) and build ways of interacting with the world (scientifically based practice). The "body" of science is constituted by laws - open, stable connections between phenomena, - the wording of which
  8. General understanding of science
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  9. Understanding Group Psychotherapy
    In the proper sense of the word, the emergence of group psychotherapy was attributed to the years 1904-1905, linking this moment with the medical activities of I. V. Vyazemsky (Russia) and J. Pratt (USA). The theory of “animal magnetism” by Franz-Anton Mesmer, an Austrian physician practicing, should be considered the first attempt to give a scientific and theoretical explanation of the healing processes taking place in the group.
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  11. Stasenko V.G .. “Profession psychologist in the modern world”, 2010
    Instead of introducing. General idea of ​​the profession "Psychologist". Description of the profession. Where are psychologists in demand today? The area of ​​basic knowledge of a psychologist. Basic professionally important personality traits of a psychologist. Additional features of the profession, as well as the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist and psychotherapist. Why do they enter the specialty "Psychology"? What is the psychologist paid for?
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