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The main stages of the development of psychology as a science

Source: Zhdan A.N. The history of psychology from antiquity to modernity: A textbook for universities. - 4th pererab., M.-Ekaterinburg, 2002, pp.13-17.
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The main stages of the development of psychology as a science

  1. Stages of development of acmeology as a science
    Awareness of his place in the world by a person forms his worldview. “From the very beginning of the cultural development of mankind, ideas about human development evolved, the idea was expressed that in the development of an individual there is a certain summit, the highest degree of perfection” [5, p.9], it should be noted, experts write that “the concept of human acme - not fiction. Acmeology permeates the entire
  2. Characteristics of age psychology, developmental psychology as a science
    Age psychology is a branch of psychological science that studies the facts and patterns of human development, the age dynamics of his psyche. The object of studying age psychology is a normal, healthy person, developing and changing in ontogenesis. Developmental psychology highlights age-related changes in people's behavior and seeks to explain these changes, uncover patterns
  3. "Crises of disappointment" and the main stages of the development of a professional psychologist
    Contrary to conventional notions, psychologists treat crises not just with “understanding”, but also with “respect”. The well-known statement of L. S. Vygotsky that “if there were no crises, they should have been invented on purpose, otherwise the development of the child’s personality cannot be explained”, refers not only to the age psychology, but also to the psychology of becoming a professional. At the same time crises
  4. The state and prospects of the development of military psychology as a science and the way to introduce its achievements into military practice
    Teaching questions: 1. The reasons for the increasing role of military psychology and its state. 2. Prospects for the development of military psychology and the ways of introducing its achievements into military practice. The reasons for the increasing role of military psychology and its condition. The state of military psychology is a reflection of the development of science at the time of its analysis and evaluation. It is estimated by three indicators: availability
  5. CONDITION AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY AS A SCIENCE AND WAYS OF IMPLEMENTING ITS ACHIEVEMENTS INTO MILITARY PRACTICE
    THE CONDITION AND PERSPECTIVES OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY AS A SCIENCE AND WAYS OF IMPLEMENTING ITS ACHIEVEMENTS INTO THE MILITARY
  6. Features of psychology as a science. The ratio of everyday and scientific psychology.
    There are two different areas of psychological knowledge - scientific and everyday, everyday psychology. If scientific psychology arose relatively recently, then everyday psychological knowledge has always been included in various types of human practice. The fundamental condition for the existence of man is a certain conscious representation of the world around him and his place in it. Study of
  7. Observation and experiment as the main research methods in developmental psychology
    The main research methods of developmental psychology and age psychology are the methods of gathering facts, identifying trends, the dynamics of mental development, which unfolds over time. At the initial stage of the development of child psychology (in the second half of the 19th – early 10th centuries) it was primarily a method of observation. Researchers (among them are biologists and psychologists T. Tideman, I. Ten,
  8. Prerequisites for the formation of developmental psychology and age psychology in an independent area of ​​psychological science
    The design of developmental psychology (child or age psychology) as an independent branch of scientific knowledge belongs to the second half of the 19th century. Two directions joined together, which until this time developed in parallel and independent of each other. This is a study of child development, which was associated with natural science and medicine, as well as ethnographic studies of childhood and language, mainly
  9. Formation of psychology as a separate science
    Mental phenomena, as already noted, have long attracted the attention of scientists and thinkers, but only at the end of the XIX century, psychology becomes an independent science. In 1879, the German psychologist Wilhelm Wundt (1832–1920) founded the first laboratory of experimental psychology in the University of Leipzig. After 6 years, in 1885, the outstanding Russian scientist Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev
  10. Criteria of psychology as a science
    • Science is a sphere of human activity, the main function of which is to develop knowledge about the world, to systematize it, to build an image of the world based on them (scientific picture of the world) and ways of interacting with it (scientifically based practice). • The object of science is that side of reality, on the study of which this science is directed. • The subject of science is what sides are the objects being studied in science
  11. Military psychology as a branch of psychological science
    Study questions: 1. Subject of military psychology 2. Basic principles, methods and tasks of military psychology Daily tasks solved by military specialists (leaders, educators, military psychologists, etc.) require them to understand the patterns of manifestation and the formation of the psychology of the individual of a military man and military teams in conditions of different types of military
  12. From the history of the formation of psychology as a science
    The concept of “psychology”, as sources most often indicate, first appeared in 1590 in the writings of the German theologian Goklenius; German scholar Christian Wolf (1679-1754), author of the books “Rational Psychology” and “Empirical Psychology”, first introduced him into the scientific language of the 30s of the 18th century. This, of course, did not mean that thoughts about the soul, and even less ideas about it, arose only with
  13. Isolation of developmental psychology and age psychology into an independent area of ​​psychological science
    Isolation of developmental psychology and age psychology into an independent area of ​​psychological
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