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The main options and levels of consideration of ethical problems in psychology

(according to I.V. Vachkov, I. B. Grinshpun, N.S. Pryazhnikov)



Such concepts as “law”, “morality” and “morality” should be divided.

• Law - these are fixed norms of behavior, for violation of which a person bears a strictly established responsibility (in this case, good law should always reflect existing social norms and correspond to the general level of development of a given society).

• Morality is informal (unwritten) norms of behavior that reflect established traditions and customs. One of the central concepts of morality is a sense of duty to others.

• Morality is more likely the conscience of a specific person, based on the adoption (or rejection) of existing standards of life, allowing a person to maintain his dignity in unusual situations, when neither the rule of law nor the rule of morality help to make a decision (it’s clear that for all possible situations no rules and rules of conduct can be found).
Thus, morality is an ethical improvisation based on individual conscience and self-esteem.

Accordingly, when considering the main ethical regulators of a practical psychologist, the following levels could be distinguished:

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The main options and levels of consideration of ethical problems in psychology

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