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Peculiarities of scientific and everyday psychology
Scientific psychology is based on empirical scientific facts, that is, facts obtained experimentally. Scientific and psychological facts are characterized by objectivity, i.e., they are independent of the subjective opinion of a scientist. Scientific psychological knowledge is rational and conscious. The use of empirical and logical methods of proving the truth of scientific and psychological knowledge gives them special weight. Methods of science provide greater reliability and evidence to the knowledge gained. In scientific psychology, there are reliable and verifiable ways to measure mental phenomena.
Scientific psychology is distinguished by the generalization of the knowledge gained, since it is aimed at searching for general laws of mental phenomena. Scientific psychology is characterized by systematic and systematic. Due to the generalization of knowledge obtained in scientific psychology, it is widely based on abstract concepts and general scientific categories. Experiments as models of real mental processes are often used to explain and prove psychological laws in scientific psychology.
Scientific and psychological knowledge is presented in a specific scientific language. Scientific psychology is often called academic. Moreover, it is usually divided into fundamental and applied.
The criterion of the reliability of knowledge in practical psychology is the experience and effectiveness of specialists.
The features of knowledge in practical psychology can be considered concreteness and practicality.
The psychological knowledge gained as a result of practical work experience is generalized and systematized. Another feature of practical psychology is integrity in the description of a person. The concepts of practical psychology are metaphorical, that is, the use of terms that have figurative figurative meaning. In practical psychology, the influence of the personality of a psychologist on the process and results of work is significant. Practical psychologists show a great desire to popularize psychological knowledge.
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Peculiarities of scientific and everyday psychology
- Features of psychology as a science. Correlation of everyday and scientific psychology.
There are two different areas of psychological knowledge - scientific and everyday, everyday psychology. If scientific psychology arose relatively recently, then everyday psychological knowledge has always been included in various types of human practice. The fundamental condition for the existence of man is a certain conscious representation of the world around him and his place in it. The study
- Everyday psychology
In our everyday life, we often use the words "psychology", "psychologist", "psychological", not always thinking about their content. “This person is a good psychologist,” we are talking about someone who knows how to make contact with people. "Such is his psychology," we say sometimes, trying to explain the interests, inclinations and actions of a person, characterizing the characteristics of his personality. Sometimes you can
- Everyday psychology
Psychological knowledge as knowledge of the spiritual world of a person can have not only scientific sources. It is no accident that the words “psychology” and “psychological” are very often found in everyday life and in art. We can distinguish at least two important types of psychological knowledge - everyday and practical psychology, which differ from scientific methods of obtaining knowledge and its criteria
- Correlation of scientific and everyday psychology
Long before the advent of scientific, everyday psychology developed, because each of us is a psychologist for ourselves. In the entire history of evolution, man has learned: to observe other people, to explain the reasons for their behavior. According to the American psychologist George Kelly, a person explores, studies others and constructs them in his mind. So, all nations have similar observations of people,
- Lectures. Everyday and scientific practical psychology. Part 1, 2011
Types of psychological knowledge. Classification of Sciences. Criteria of psychology as a science. The place of psychology in the system of sciences. The science. The main functions of science. The main stages of the formation of psychology as a science. Features of psychological science. The difference between scientific knowledge and other types of knowledge. Branches of psychology. Correlation of scientific and everyday psychology. Comparison of scientific and everyday psychology.
- Comparison of everyday and scientific psychology
- The formation of acme as a scientific direction
Stages of the formation of acmeology in Russia. The first stage - 1928. Introduction N.A. Rybnikov concepts of acmeology as a science about the development of mature people. The second stage is the middle of the 20th century. Outstanding Russian psychologist B.G. Ananiev found a place in acmeology in the system of sciences, focusing on the study of the age and phases of human life as an individual and person. He defined acme as a period of active
- Scientific and everyday psychological knowledge
By science we understand the sphere of human activity, the main function of which is the development of knowledge about the world, their systematization. Based on the knowledge gained, the image of the world (the so-called scientific picture of the world) and the ways of interacting with the world (scientifically based practice) are built. In addition to the scientific way of mastering reality, it is customary to single out ordinary knowledge, artistic
- Practical Psychology and Its Features
Practical psychology is a psychology focused on the needs of a wide range of educated people, at least people of a sufficient level of cultures. Understanding the nature of a real object during the work of a practical psychologist should be based not only on a specific objective representation, which is in psychological science (or its field), but also on the reality in which this object is included,
- Professional military psychology and its features
Another important element of group military psychology is professional psychology. The army is divided into types of armed forces and types of troops, the conditions of activity of which differ significantly, thereby determining the existence of different ideas, points of view on the war through the prism of specific combat missions and how to carry them out. This is how P.I. understands group military psychology
- Features of the psychology of relations among military personnel
Any collective, including a military one, contains a complex totality within collective socio-psychological phenomena and processes. However, it should be borne in mind that in the psychology of a particular team, along with the general ones, the particular conditions of its life are reflected. It is these particular conditions that largely determine the specific features of the psychology of this collective.
- Characteristics of the personality of the teacher-psychologist
By the word "personality" people understand a holistic, mature person who has reached a high level of development, in which biological (that is, data from a person from birth) and social (acquired by him during his lifetime, during training, education and independent development) are inextricably intertwined . In addition to the general requirements for all involved in educational activities, for
- Features of the age structure and psychology
Subordinate, secondary in comparison with military-professional factors, but in some cases a very significant influence on the psychology of military personnel, participants in the wars of the XX century, had their socio-demographic and social parameters proper. Differences in the roles of these factors were associated, firstly, with large social dynamics, qualitative shifts that occurred in social
- Features of the professional training of a psychologist in Russia
Psychologists - specialists with higher education - can continue their studies in graduate school. Postgraduate studies in various fields exist in many universities of the country and are a form of advanced scientific qualification of psychologists. After successful defense, the graduate student is awarded the degree of candidate of psychological sciences in the relevant specialty. Higher scientific and psychological qualifications in