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Features of vocational training in Europe

Traditional types of training of professional psychologists that developed during the 20th century exist in a number of European countries: Great Britain, Germany, France, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, Russia, as well as in the United States of America and Canada.

In 1990 European scientists began to show interest in the system of training psychologists in other countries, there are attempts to develop common approaches.

The training of psychologists varies in duration, structure and content of education.
Typically, two levels of education are distinguished: basic university (Undergraduate) and postgraduate (Graduate). In the postgraduate education of psychologists in many European countries, in the USA and Canada, two main areas are distinguished: research and practical professional.

The interest of students in psychological education over the past decades has been growing both in America and in most European countries, many students choose the profession of psychologist to continue their higher education.
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Features of vocational training in Europe

    Moral, political and psychological preparation is necessary for all soldiers, including officers. It would be a mistake to assume that since the officers have high enough education and experience, there seems to be no need to conduct this training with them. The fact is that for officers it is not enough to be two to three times more resistant to the same factors that affect sailors. Officers have special functions
  2. Features of the preparation of the laboratory lesson
    Preparation of a laboratory lesson begins with a study of the source documentation, determining (clarifying) the goals and objectives of this lesson, the time allocated to cadets and students for preparation. In preparation for laboratory work, a military teacher must understand the problems, scope and content of the laboratory lesson, determine what concepts, definitions, theories can be
  3. Slyadneva OV. Features of the organization of psychological preparation of special forces, 2005
    The present work is devoted to the problem of psychological training of employees of special units. It aims to give teachers of educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, practical psychologists, unit commanders not only a general idea of ​​what psychological preparation is, but also to serve as practical aids to organize this process. At
  4. Features of the professional training of a psychologist in Russia
    Psychologists - specialists with higher education - can continue their studies in graduate school. Postgraduate studies in various fields exist in many universities of the country and are a form of advanced scientific qualification of psychologists. After successful defense, the graduate student is awarded the degree of candidate of psychological sciences in the relevant specialty. Higher scientific and psychological qualifications in
  5. Practical classes at the university: essence, features of preparation and conduct
    During a lecture at a military university, along with seminars, practical exercises are widely used, conducted in various forms in accordance with the specific features of the taught disciplines. The term “practical training” is often given a very broad interpretation, meaning by it all the classes conducted under the guidance of a teacher and aimed at deepening scientific and theoretical
  6. Features of the organization of the process of psychological and pedagogical training of cadets
    In accordance with the Federal Program "Reforming the Military Education System in the Russian Federation for the Period Until 2010", approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of May 27, 2002 No. 352, the priority task is to bring the level of professional training of officers in accordance with regulatory documents and requirements of military professional activity.
  7. The essence, features of the preparation, organization and conduct of the seminar at a military university
    A seminar (from Latin seminarium - a hotbed of knowledge) is one of the main methods for discussing educational material in higher military schools. Seminars are held on the most difficult questions (topics, sections) of the curriculum with the aim of in-depth study of the discipline, instilling cadets and students with the skills of independent search and analysis of educational information, the formation and development of scientific
  8. Features of the preparation of didactic materials for technical means of control
    As noted, the main means of providing feedback in the educational process is ongoing monitoring. It is the most widespread type of control and therefore difficult to implement on a large scale without the use of technical means. In order to introduce technical means of control into the educational process, standardization of control operations is necessary. Essence of standardized or
  9. Features of preoperative preparation of patients with chronic pulmonary diseases (COP)
    As a rule, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease receive planned drug therapy: - sympathomimetics or S-agonists cause bronchodilation due to the effect on adenylate cyclase (an increase in cAMP leads to relaxation of the smooth muscles of the bronchi; drugs with nonspecific activity against B1 and B2 receptors: adrenaline, isoproterenol, etc. .d can provoke the development of arrhythmias and
  10. Features of preoperative preparation in patients with an implanted pacemaker or defibrillator
    At present, in our country, the number of people with an implanted pacemaker (EX) has significantly increased. Among the many models of stimulants (pacemakers) should be distinguished: continuous, synchronized and programmable. Continuous ECS generate a given frequency of impulses regardless of the intrinsic electrical activity of the heart and therefore can work efficiently
    The Middle Ages, especially the early one, are associated with “dark time” in the history of world culture, and therefore medicine and surgery, for many. Nevertheless, this time cannot be deleted from the cultural history of Europe. It was in the early Middle Ages that the cardinal task that determined the future of medieval culture was solved - the foundations of a truly European civilization were created as a kind of cultural
  12. Ed. prof. V.N. Prilepsky. Guide to contraception, 2006
    This contraceptive guide presents all aspects of modern methods of birth control. The authors summarized the latest achievements in this area based on foreign and domestic studies. In the section on hormonal methods of contraception, special attention is paid to releasing systems, which for some categories of women can become alternative methods of protection against
  13. Medicine of medieval Europe
    The medicine of medieval Europe developed in the Christian culture. The biblical texts contain many hygienic prescriptions, references to various diseases and epidemics, methods of preparing cleansing compounds, disease prevention, and recommendations for maintaining good health. Here is one of them: “A well-mannered man is a little satisfied, and therefore he does not suffer from shortness of breath on his own
  14. Fugitives in Ingushetia and Central Europe
    Every camp, and a refugee camp, is always a concentration camp with a chained life. You can’t get used to it, although it’s well-fed and safe, it’s temporary. The camp mentally crushes idleness and publicity of life, taking away the right to a personal secret of intimacy. In the camp, all the time, all the time in front of each other in full view, and therefore as if fastened to all buttons, with a strict behavior, restraint of feelings. But in the camp, in
    B. Teleki, Austria The incidence of colorectal cancer in Europe is extremely high compared with developing countries and it is the second most common cancer disease in both men and women. In the EU, about 260,000 new cases of colorectal cancer are diagnosed each year. Unfortunately, up to 25% of patients already have distant metastases at the time
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