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Branches of scientific psychology

Modern psychology is a ramified system of industries, among which there are fundamental and applied, general and special. The fundamental branches of psychology are of general importance for understanding and explaining the psychology and behavior of people, no matter what specific activity they are engaged in.

The main such industry is general psychology, which explores the most general laws and mechanisms of the development and functioning of the psyche of humans and animals. As a fundamental scientific discipline, general psychology studies the issues of methodology and the theory of psychology as a whole. In general psychology, sections are distinguished that represent cognitive processes (sensation, perception, memory, thinking, imagination and attention), as well as personality psychology, which considers such structural formations as character, abilities, emotions, needs, motives, will and self-awareness. The study of the psychological sciences begins with general psychology, since without knowledge of the basic concepts, laws and mechanisms, it is impossible to understand the special branches of psychology.

Special, or applied, branches of psychology consider individual types of mental phenomena and human activities, and their achievements are used in practice. So, the pedagogical aspect of psychology is investigated by pedagogical psychology. She studies the laws of training and education, the conditions for the formation of cognitive functions among students, finds out the psychological factors that influence the success of knowledge acquisition, and develops psychological recommendations.

Age psychology studies the ontogenesis of various mental processes and personality traits of a developing person, age-related features of mental processes, personality development factors, etc. It is divided into child psychology, psychology of a teenager, psychology of youth, psychology of an adult and gerontopsychology (psychology of an elderly person). One of the central problems of developmental and educational psychology is the problem of learning and mental development and their interdependence.

Differential psychology reveals and describes the individual differences of people, genetic psychology studies the hereditary mechanisms of the psyche and human behavior, their dependence on the genotype. Medical issues of psychology are considered by such an industry as medical psychology.
She explores the psychological aspects of the doctor’s activities and patient behavior.

Social psychology - a branch of psychological science that studies the patterns of behavior and activities of people, due to their inclusion in social groups, as well as the psychological characteristics of these groups. She examines the socio-psychological phenomena in large groups, the problems of mass communication (television, cinema, press, etc.), the mechanisms and effectiveness of the impact of mass media on various communities of people, the psychology of nations, nationalities, the impact on people of political processes taking place in society. The socio-psychological problems of small groups include the following issues: psychological compatibility in closed groups, interpersonal relationships in groups, the position of a leader and followers in a group, types of groups, human perceptions of a person, and much more.

Labor psychology studies the psychological aspects of human labor, the psychological foundations of the scientific organization of labor. The tasks of the psychology of labor include the study of the professional characteristics of a person, the laws of development of labor skills, and the determination of the effect on the working environment of production, the design and location of devices. The psychology of labor has a number of sections, which are at the same time independent branches of science. These include engineering psychology, which studies the activities of the operator in automated control systems, legal psychology - examines issues related to the implementation of the legal system, military psychology, which examines human behavior in combat, the psychological aspects of the relationship of officers and their subordinates.

Psychodiagnostics is the science of methods and rules for making a psychological diagnosis. Psychocorrection addresses issues related to the development of methods of influencing the personality in order to correct certain mental deviations.

Despite the division of psychology into branches and smaller disciplines, they are closely interconnected, between them there is a constant exchange of experimentally identified scientific information, which allows faster and more comprehensive solution of practical problems.
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Branches of scientific psychology

  1. Branches of scientific psychology
    As we recall, psychology became an independent science only at the end of the 19th century and during the 20th century accumulated such a huge amount of scientific knowledge about the world of psychic phenomena that psychologists themselves often do not quite clearly realize how much they know. Psychology has become a very ramified science, and specialists in one branch of psychology can no longer be sufficiently competent in another field.
  2. Developmental psychology and developmental psychology - an interdisciplinary branch of scientific knowledge
    In recent decades, developmental psychology (developmental psychology) has changed both in content and in interdisciplinary relationships. On the one hand, it exerts influence on other scientific disciplines, and on the other, it itself is influenced by them, assimilating everything that expands its substantive content. Biology, genetics, developmental physiology. These disciplines are important above all.
    For a long time, theorists and practitioners of psychology and pedagogy have been arguing: what is primary to each other - psychology or pedagogy? Even in the title of textbooks one can often find different approaches - in one case, “Psychology and Pedagogy”, in the other, “Pedagogy and Psychology”. Who is right? Leaving behind each of the disputants the right to uphold their point of view, it nevertheless follows
  4. Scientific directions and branches of psychology
    Scientific directions and industries
  5. Branches of psychology
    Modern psychology is a wide area of ​​knowledge, including a number of separate disciplines and scientific areas. The psyche is multidimensional. Its historical and social development led to the need to integrate many sciences that directly or indirectly addressed human life issues. According to S.L. Rubinshtein, the branches can be conditionally divided into main (basic)
  6. The main branches of psychology
    Modern psychology is a highly ramified science with many branches. The branches of psychology are relatively independent areas of scientific psychological research. In this case, due to the rapid development of psychological science every 4-5 years, new directions appear. The emergence of branches of psychology is due, firstly, to the widespread adoption of
  7. Branches of modern psychology
    Modern psychology is a whole complex of scientific disciplines, many of which claim to be considered independent sciences. Various authors count up to one hundred branches of psychology. These scientific disciplines are at different stages of development, associated with various areas of human practice. The core of modern psychology is general psychology, which studies
  8. The main branches of psychology
    Science seeks to reflect the complex psychic reality that is the subject of psychology in its essential properties and in a generalized form, i.e. in terms. Concepts ultimately constitute the framework of any science. Together, they form a categorical system. Category - an extremely broad concept, which reflects the most common and essential properties, signs, relationships and
  9. The main branches of psychology
    In discussing the connection between psychology and other sciences, we outlined, although far from completely, the range of various psychological disciplines, that is, branches of psychology, thereby addressing the question of the structure of modern psychology. We will try to do this in a more systematic way, although this is not always easy: branches of psychology do not arise and develop by the will of a single methodologist prescribing science
  10. Subject, branches and types of psychology
    Psychology studies the psyche in all its manifestations. Accordingly, the subject of psychology is the psyche. Modern psychology is divided into many sections. Such a division can be imagined in the form of a tree, which has a trunk and many branches. This is a tree of psychology. Its trunk is general psychology, which studies the psyche of a healthy adult. Total
    In discussing the connection of psychology with other sciences, we outlined, although far from completely, the circle of various psychological disciplines, i.e., branches of psychology, thereby addressing the question of the structure of modern psychology. We will try to do this more systematization, although this is not always easy: branches of psychology do not arise and develop by the will of a single methodologist prescribing science
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