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Branches of psychology

Modern psychology is a widely developed area of ​​knowledge, including a number of individual disciplines and scientific fields. The psyche is multidimensional. Its historical and social development has led to the need to integrate many of the sciences that directly or indirectly addressed issues of human life.

According to S.L. Rubinshtein, branches can be divided into basic (basic) and auxiliary (applied) branches. The main branches include those aspects of psychology that reveal the significant characteristics of the human psyche (and animal behavior) in different areas of its manifestation:

• age-related psychology,

• social Psychology,

• psychology of Personality,

• zoopsychology,

• pedagogical psychology,

psychology of abnormal development, etc.

The main thing in this industry is the knowledge of the basic mechanisms of the psyche. The subsidiary branches are related to the study of the problem of the manifestation of the psyche in specific types of human activity (professions):

• work psychology,

• medical psychology,

• legal psychology

• psychology of management,

• military psychology,

• psychology of advertising,

• psychology of trade, etc. (the listed series can be continued - how many professions, so much can be applied industries).

According to AV Petrovsky, the psychological side was chosen as the basis for the classification of branches of psychology:

1. specific activities;

2. development (studies the mental aspects of human development);

3. the relationship of a person to society (studies mental phenomena that arise in the process of interaction of people in various social groups).

Branches of psychology that study the psychological problems of specific types of human activity:

• labor psychology explores the psychological characteristics of human labor, the psychological aspects of the scientific organization of labor;

• medical psychology studies the psychological aspects of health and illness, the psychological foundations of the activities of medical personnel;

• pedagogical psychology examines the psychological laws of the processes of training and education;

• legal psychology is divided into forensic psychology, exploring the mental characteristics of the behavior of participants in criminal proceedings, criminal psychology, dealing with the problems of the behavior and personality formation of the offender, the motives of the crime, as well as penitentiary psychology, studying the psychology of the prisoner in correctional institutions;

• engineering psychology analyzes the processes of information interaction between a person and technical devices, solving the problems of engineering and psychological design in the “man-machine” system;

• sports psychology examines the psychological characteristics of the personality and activities of athletes, the conditions and means of their psychological preparation;

• industries that deal with the psychological aspects of advertising, business, management, creativity and many other human activities.

Branches of psychology that study various aspects of mental development:

• age psychology traces the development of the psyche in ontogenesis - its sections are child psychology, teen psychology, youth psychology, adult psychology, gerontopsychology;

• comparative psychology studies the laws, origins and development of the psyche of animals and humans;

• psychology of abnormal development, or special psychology, explores impairments in the mental development of a child.

Branches of psychology that study the relationship of the individual and society:

• social psychology explores mental phenomena in the process of the relationship of people with each other;

• Ethnopsychology focuses on the ethnic characteristics of the psyche of people, ethnic stereotypes, etc.

It can be stated that the branch sphere of psychology is in constant development; intensive development of industries at the end of XX century. - the beginning of the XXI century. associated with the socio-economic needs of society; The process of differentiation, which generates the branch branching, and integration, which forms the possibility of combining the previously unrelated branches and sciences, is characteristic of the sectoral development.
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Branches of psychology

  1. Developmental and Developmental Psychology - an interdisciplinary branch of scientific knowledge
    In recent decades, age psychology (developmental psychology) has changed both in content and interdisciplinary communication. On the one hand, it influences other scientific disciplines, and on the other, it itself is influenced by them, assimilating everything that expands its substantive content. Biology, genetics, developmental physiology. These disciplines are primarily important.
  2. The main branches of psychology
    Modern psychology is a very extensive science with many branches. Branches of psychology are relatively independent areas of scientific psychological research. At the same time, as a result of the rapid development of psychological science, every 4-5 years, new directions appear. The emergence of branches of psychology is due, firstly, the widespread introduction
  3. Branches of modern psychology
    Modern psychology is a complex of scientific disciplines, many of which claim to be considered independent sciences. Various authors account for up to one hundred branches of psychology. These scientific disciplines are at different stages of development, associated with various spheres of human practice. The core of modern psychology is general psychology, which studies
  4. Branches of scientific psychology
    Modern psychology is a branched system of industries, among which there are fundamental and applied, general and special. Fundamental branches of psychology have a general meaning for understanding and explaining the psychology and behavior of people, regardless of what specific activity they are engaged in. The main such industry is general psychology, which explores
  5. Branches of scientific psychology
    As we remember, psychology became an independent science only at the end of the 19th century and during the 20th century it accumulated such a huge amount of scientific knowledge about the world of psychic phenomena that psychologists themselves often are not quite clearly aware of how much they know. Psychology has become a very extensive science, and specialists in one branch of psychology can no longer be competent enough in another field.
  6. The main branches of psychology
    The complex psychic reality, which is the subject of psychology, science seeks to reflect in its essential properties and in a generalized form, i.e. in terms of. The concepts ultimately constitute the framework of any science. In their totality, they form a categorical system. A category is an extremely broad concept that reflects the most common and essential properties, characteristics, relationships, and
  7. The main branches of psychology
    When discussing the relationship of psychology with other sciences, we outlined - although far from fully - a range of different psychological disciplines, that is, branches of psychology, thereby raising the question of the structure of modern psychology. We will try to do this more systematically, although it is not always easy: branches of psychology do not emerge or develop according to the will of a single methodologist prescribing science.
  8. Subject, industry and types of psychology
    Psychology studies the psyche in all its manifestations. Accordingly, the subject of psychology is the psyche. Modern psychology is divided into many sections. Such a division can be imagined in the form of a tree that has a trunk and many branches. This is a tree of psychology. The trunk of it is a general psychology that studies the psyche of a healthy adult. Overall
    When discussing the relationship of psychology with other sciences, we outlined - although far from completely - a range of different psychological disciplines, that is, branches of psychology, thereby raising the question of the structure of modern psychology. We will try to do this more systematizing, although it is not always easy: branches of psychology do not arise and develop not by the will of a single methodologist prescribing science.
  10. Applied branches of work psychology
    The psychology of labor includes a number of other branches studying certain types of labor activity. The psychology of management deals with various psychological problems of management: the study of personal qualities, the style and methods of work of a manager, the study of factors that increase the effectiveness of management. Aviation Psychology explores
  11. Transformation of military psychology into an independent branch of psychological science
    From the middle of the 19th century, the emergence of military psychology as an independent branch of psychological knowledge took place. The field of study of military psychology is the phenomenon associated with the battle, the identity of the soldier, group military activities. This is expressed in the fact that: an understanding of the subject develops; the development of methods of military psychological research is being carried out; stand out clearly
  12. Military psychology as a branch of psychological science
    Study questions: 1. Subject of military psychology 2. Basic principles, methods and tasks of military psychology Daily tasks solved by military specialists (leaders, educators, military psychologists, etc.) require them to understand the patterns of manifestation and the formation of the psychology of the individual of a military man and military teams in conditions of different types of military
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