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Branches of psychology

Modern psychology is a wide area of ​​knowledge, including a number of separate disciplines and scientific areas. The psyche is multidimensional. Its historical and social development led to the need to integrate many sciences that directly or indirectly addressed human life issues.

According to S.L. Rubinshtein, branches can be conditionally divided into main (basic) and auxiliary (applied) ones. The main branches include those aspects of psychology that reveal significant characteristics of the human psyche (and animal behavior) in different areas of its manifestation:

• age-related psychology,

• social Psychology,

• psychology of Personality,

• zoopsychology,

• pedagogical psychology,

psychology of abnormal development, etc.

The main thing in this industry is the knowledge of the basic mechanisms of the psyche. The auxiliary branches include what is associated with the study of the problem of the manifestation of the psyche in specific types of human activity (professions):

• labor psychology,

• medical psychology,

• legal psychology,

• psychology of management,

• military psychology,

• advertising psychology,

• psychology of trade, etc. (the enumeration series can be continued - how many professions, how many there can be applied branches).

According to A.V. Petrovsky, the psychological side is chosen as the basis for the classification of branches of psychology:

1. specific activities;

2. development (studies the mental aspects of human development);

3. The relationship of a person to society (studies mental phenomena that arise in the process of interaction between people in various social groups).

The branches of psychology that study the psychological problems of specific types of human activity:

• labor psychology explores the psychological characteristics of the person’s labor activity, psychological aspects of the scientific organization of labor;

• medical psychology studies the psychological aspects of health and illness, the psychological foundations of the activities of medical personnel;

• pedagogical psychology considers the psychological laws of the processes of training and education;

• legal psychology is divided into forensic psychology, which examines the psychological characteristics of the behavior of participants in criminal proceedings, criminal psychology, dealing with problems of behavior and personality formation of the offender, the motives of the crime, as well as penitentiary psychology, studying the psychology of a prisoner in correctional institutions;

• Engineering psychology analyzes the processes of informational interaction between a person and technical devices, solving the problems of engineering and psychological design in the "man - machine" system;

• sports psychology considers the psychological characteristics of the personality and activities of athletes, the conditions and means of their psychological preparation;

• industries that deal with the psychological aspects of advertising, business, management, creativity and many other human activities.

Branches of psychology that study various aspects of mental development:

• developmental psychology traces the development of the psyche in ontogenesis - its sections are child psychology, adolescent psychology, youth psychology, adult psychology, gerontopsychology;

• comparative psychology studies the patterns, origin and development of the psyche of animals and humans;

• Psychology of abnormal development, or special psychology, explores violations of the child’s mental development.

The branches of psychology that study the relationship between the individual and society:

• social psychology explores mental phenomena in the process of the relationship of people with each other;

• Ethnopsychology focuses on ethnic characteristics of the psyche of people, ethnic stereotypes, etc.

It can be stated that the branch sphere of psychology is in constant development; intensive development of industries at the end of the 20th century. - beginning of the XXI century. connected with the socio-economic needs of society; sectoral development is characterized by a process of differentiation, which generates branching, and integration, forming the possibility of combining previously unrelated industries and sciences.
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Branches of psychology

  1. Developmental psychology and developmental psychology - an interdisciplinary branch of scientific knowledge
    In recent decades, developmental psychology (developmental psychology) has changed both in content and in interdisciplinary relationships. On the one hand, it exerts influence on other scientific disciplines, and on the other, it itself is influenced by them, assimilating everything that expands its substantive content. Biology, genetics, developmental physiology. These disciplines are important above all.
  2. The main branches of psychology
    Modern psychology is a highly ramified science with many branches. The branches of psychology are relatively independent areas of scientific psychological research. In this case, due to the rapid development of psychological science every 4-5 years, new directions appear. The emergence of branches of psychology is due, firstly, to the widespread adoption of
  3. Branches of modern psychology
    Modern psychology is a whole complex of scientific disciplines, many of which claim to be considered independent sciences. Various authors count up to one hundred branches of psychology. These scientific disciplines are at different stages of development, associated with various areas of human practice. The core of modern psychology is general psychology, which studies
  4. Branches of scientific psychology
    Modern psychology is a ramified system of industries, among which there are fundamental and applied, general and special. The fundamental branches of psychology are of general importance for understanding and explaining the psychology and behavior of people, no matter what specific activity they are engaged in. The main such industry is general psychology, which explores
  5. Branches of scientific psychology
    As we recall, psychology became an independent science only at the end of the 19th century and during the 20th century accumulated such a huge amount of scientific knowledge about the world of psychic phenomena that psychologists themselves often do not quite clearly realize how much they know. Psychology has become a very ramified science, and specialists in one branch of psychology can no longer be sufficiently competent in another field.
  6. The main branches of psychology
    Science seeks to reflect the complex psychic reality that is the subject of psychology in its essential properties and in a generalized form, i.e. in terms. Concepts ultimately constitute the framework of any science. Together, they form a categorical system. Category - an extremely broad concept, which reflects the most common and essential properties, signs, relationships and
  7. The main branches of psychology
    In discussing the connection between psychology and other sciences, we outlined, although far from completely, the range of various psychological disciplines, that is, branches of psychology, thereby addressing the question of the structure of modern psychology. We will try to do this in a more systematic way, although this is not always easy: branches of psychology do not arise and develop by the will of a single methodologist prescribing science
  8. Subject, branches and types of psychology
    Psychology studies the psyche in all its manifestations. Accordingly, the subject of psychology is the psyche. Modern psychology is divided into many sections. Such a division can be imagined in the form of a tree, which has a trunk and many branches. This is a tree of psychology. Its trunk is general psychology, which studies the psyche of a healthy adult. Total
    In discussing the connection of psychology with other sciences, we outlined, although far from completely, the circle of various psychological disciplines, i.e., branches of psychology, thereby addressing the question of the structure of modern psychology. We will try to do this more systematization, although this is not always easy: branches of psychology do not arise and develop by the will of a single methodologist prescribing science
  10. Applied branches of labor psychology
    The psychology of labor includes a number of other industries that study individual types of labor activity. Management psychology deals with various psychological problems of managerial activity: the study of personal qualities, the style and methods of work of a leader, the study of factors that increase the effectiveness of leadership. Aviation Psychology Explores
  11. The transformation of military psychology into an independent branch of psychological science
    Since the middle of the XIX century, the emergence of military psychology, as an independent branch of psychological knowledge. The field of study of military psychology is the phenomena associated with the battle, the personality of a soldier, group military activity. This is expressed in the fact that: an understanding of the subject develops; methods of military psychological research are being developed; stand out clearly
  12. Military psychology as a branch of psychological science
    Training issues: 1. The subject of military psychology 2. The basic principles, methods and tasks of military psychology Everyday tasks performed by military specialists (leaders, teachers, military psychologists, etc.) require them to understand the laws of manifestation and formation of the psychology of the personality of a serviceman and military collectives in conditions of various types of military
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